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The Skilled Reader (Updated Edition) by D. J. Henry. Chapter 10: Implied Main Ideas PowerPoint Presentation by Gretchen Starks-Martin St. Cloud State University, MN. Implied Main Ideas.

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the skilled reader updated edition by d j henry

The Skilled Reader(Updated Edition)by D. J. Henry

Chapter 10: Implied Main Ideas

PowerPoint Presentation

by Gretchen Starks-Martin

St. Cloud State University, MN

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

implied main ideas
Implied Main Ideas
  • An implied main idea is a main idea that is not stated directly but is strongly suggested by the supporting details in the passage.
  • There is no topic sentence, so the main idea must be implied.
  • Ask the following questions:
    • What is the topic, or subject, of the passage?
    • What are the major supporting details?
    • What is the main idea the author is trying to get across?

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

what is the implied main idea of this passage
What is the implied main idea of this passage?

Employees with burnout feel tired all the time, and they often show symptoms of depression. The likelihood of burnout is increased if they feel trapped in the job. Burnout can also occur if the job demands an overload of work. Ongoing lack of social support, rigid rules, and unkind bosses also lead to burnout.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

what is the implied main idea of this passage4
What is the implied main idea of this passage?

Employees with burnout feel tired all the time, and they often show symptoms of depression. The likelihood of burnout is increased if they feel trapped in the job. Burnout can also occur if the job demands an overload of work. Ongoing lack of social support, rigid rules, and unkind bosses also lead to burnout.

Several factors can cause

employees to burn out.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

the first step is to find the implied topic
Brushes

Chalk

Pens

Ink

Paints

Beds

A couch

Easy chairs

A dining table

Bookshelves

The first step is to find the implied topic.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

the first step is to find the implied topic6
Brushes

Chalk

Pens

Ink

Paints

Beds

A couch

Easy chairs

A dining table

Bookshelves

The first step is to find the implied topic.

Art supplies

Furniture for a house

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

the next step is to use your own words to state the topic
Printer

Monitor

Keyboard

Mouse

CPU

Church

Mosque

Synagogue

Temple

The next step is to use your own words to state the topic.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

the next step is to use your own words to state the topic8
Printer

Monitor

Keyboard

Mouse

CPU

Church

Mosque

Synagogue

Temple

The next step is to use your own words to state the topic.

A personal computer

Places of worship

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

the next step is to look at the specific details and find the implied main idea
The next step is to look at the specific details and find the implied main idea.

Emergency rooms treated over 8,000 fireworks injuries in the year 2001. Fireworks injuries include blindness, scarring, and amputation. Fireworks are made of gunpowder.

The implied main idea is:

  • Fireworks are dangerous for several reasons.
  • Fireworks are fun because they are dangerous.
  • Fireworks are fun yet dangerous.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

the next step is to look at the specific details and find the implied main idea10
The next step is to look at the specific details and find the implied main idea.

Emergency rooms treated over 8,000 fireworks injuries in the year 2001. Fireworks injuries include blindness, scarring, and amputation. Fireworks are made of gunpowder.

The implied main idea is:

  • Fireworks are dangerous for several reasons.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

you must state the implied main idea in your own words
You must state the implied main idea in your own words.

Wisconsin has over 15,000 inland lakes, 43,000 miles of rivers, and 650 miles of Great Lakes shoreline. These Great Lakes are two of the largest freshwater lakes in the world, and they add nearly 6 million acres of water to Wisconsin. Thus, boating is a major part of life in Wisconsin’s great outdoors. The state also has nearly 500 public golf courses. Late summer and fall are some of the best times of the year to play Wisconsin’s golf courses. Finally, winter brings snow and the joys of snow skiing and snowboarding.

What is the implied main idea?

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

you must state the implied main idea in your own words12
You must state the implied main idea in your own words.

Wisconsin has over 15,000 inland lakes, 43,000 miles of rivers, and 650 miles of Great Lakes shoreline. These Great Lakes are two of the largest freshwater lakes in the world, and they add nearly 6 million acres of water to Wisconsin. Thus, boating is a major part of life in Wisconsin’s great outdoors. The state also has nearly 500 public golf courses. Late summer and fall are some of the best times of the year to play Wisconsin’s golf courses. Finally, winter brings snow and the joys of snow skiing and snowboarding.

Wisconsin offers a variety of outdoor activities.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

create one sentence summaries
Create One-Sentence Summaries

More than 2 million Native Americans live in the United States. More than one-third live on reservations, on lands placed in trust for them, or in other areas set aside as Native American. One of every three persons lives in poverty. Sixteen percent of Native American homes do not have a telephone. This number is alarming when compared to the fact that only 6 percent of non-Native American homes do not have phones. 80% of the Navajos cannot have telephone service. The average person pays $100 for basic monthly service. Calls off the reservation are billed as long distance. Thus, an average phone bill can soar quickly past $200 a month.

What is the implied main idea?

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

create one sentence summaries14
Create One-Sentence Summaries

More than 2 million Native Americans live in the United States. More than one-third live on reservations, on lands placed in trust for them, or in other areas set aside as Native American. One of every three persons lives in poverty. Sixteen percent of Native American homes do not have a telephone. This number is alarming when compared to the fact that only 6 percent of non-Native American homes do not have phones. 80% of the Navajos cannot have telephone service. The average person pays $100 for basic monthly service. Calls off the reservation are billed as long distance. Thus, an average phone bill can soar quickly past $200 a month.

Many Native Americans who live on reservations either go without phones or pay extremely high fees for service.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

pictures as details
Pictures as Details
  • Pictures, drawings, or graphs are often used to make the relationship between the main ideas and supporting details clear.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

chapter review
Chapter Review
  • A main idea that is not stated directly but is strongly suggested by the supporting details in the passage is an implied main idea.
  • The first question to ask to find the implied main idea is: What is the topic of the passage?
  • The second question to ask to find the implied main idea is: What are the major supporting details?
  • The third question to ask to find the implied main idea is: What is the controlling point the author is trying to get across?
  • Implied main ideas must be neither too general nor too broad.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

complete the applications review tests and mastery tests for chapter 10
Complete the Applications, Review Tests, and Mastery Tests for Chapter 10.

© 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers