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The Kingdom Period. Class #1 Introduction to the Kingdom Period. Dr. John T. Stevenson. http://JohnStevenson.net JohnStevenson@Bellsouth.net. Textbooks. 1 And 2 Kings: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries) , D. J. Wiseman, InterVarsity, 1993.

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the kingdom period

The Kingdom Period

Class #1

Introduction to the Kingdom Period

dr john t stevenson
Dr. John T. Stevenson

http://JohnStevenson.net

JohnStevenson@Bellsouth.net

textbooks
Textbooks
  • 1 And 2 Kings: An Introduction and Commentary (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries), D. J. Wiseman, InterVarsity, 1993.
  • First and Second Chronicles: Interpretation, Steven Shawn Tuell, Westminster John Knox, 2001
title of the books of kings

Hebrew Scriptures

Greek Septuagint

Melech

Basileion

“Kings”

“Kingdoms”

Title of the Books of Kings

Hebrew Title

Greek Title

1st & 2nd Kings consisted of one unified book

Samuel & Kings

 1st Kingdoms

 2nd Kingdoms

 3rd Kingdoms

 4th Kingdoms

title of the books of chronicles
Title of the Books of Chronicles
  • Hebrew Title: ~ymiY"h;-yreb.DI -- D'Vri HaYomim -- “Words of the Days.”
  • Greek Title: Paraleipomenwn – “Things left to the side.”
slide7

From Adam to David

Reign of King David

Reign of King Solomon

Divided Kingdom

Judah alone

2nd Chronicles

1st Chronicles

Genesis thru 1st Samuel

1st Kings

2nd Kings

2nd Samuel

Israel United

Israel & Judah Divided

Judah alone

Fall of Samaria

Death of Saul

Samuel, Kings, & Chronicles

Fall of Jerusalem

1 st 2 nd chronicles

1st & 2nd Chronicles

A View from the Temple

recipients of the book

Recipients of the Book

Those who had returned from the exile

purpose of the books of chronicles
Purpose of the Books of Chronicles
  • To set forth a record of the priestly worship of God’s people from David to the exile
  • To give the fulfillment of the promises of the Mosaic Law regarding faithfulness and unfaithfulness to the covenant
  • To show the importance of the Scriptures in providing the rule of faith for God’s people
theme of 1 st 2 nd chronicles

Theme of 1st & 2nd Chronicles

Worship in the Temple

slide15

The Fertile

Crescent

slide16

Hatti

Mesopotamia

Egypt

slide17

Hatti

Mesopotamia

Land

Bridge

DESERT

Egypt

slide18

Hittites

Assyria

Egypt

 Babylon

Israel

slide19

Hittites

Assyria

Aram

Phoenicia

 Babylon

Israel

Egypt

slide20

Hittites

Assyria

Aram

Phoenicia

 Babylon

Israel

Solomon’s

Kingdom

Egypt

1 chronicles 1 1 4

1 Chronicles 1:1-4

A beginning that is similar to the beginning of the book of Matthew and for the same reasons

Adam,

Seth,

Enosh,

2 Kenan,

Mahalalel,

Jared,

3 Enoch,

Methuselah,

Lamech,

4 Noah,

Shem, Ham and Japheth.

slide22

Japheth

Shem

Ham

1 chronicles 1 5

The sons of Japheth were

1 Chronicles 1:5

Gomer,

Magog,

Madai,

Javan,

Tubal,

Meshech and Tiras

slide24

Sons of Japheth

Gomer

Javan

Magog

Madai

1 chronicles 1 8

The sons of Ham were

1 Chronicles 1:8

Cush,

Mizraim,

Put,

and Canaan.

slide26

Sons of Ham

Canaan

Phut

Mizraim

Cush

1 chronicles 1 17

The sons of Shem were

1 Chronicles 1:17

Elam,

Asshur,

Arpachshad,

Lud, Aram,

Uz,

Hul,

Gether

and Meshech.

slide28

Sons of Shem

Lud

Asshur

Aram

Arpachshad

(Israel-Arabs)

Elam

1 chronicles 2 1 2

These are the sons of Israel:

1 Chronicles 2:1-2

Reuben,

Simeon,

Levi,

Judah,

Issachar,

Zebulun,

2 Dan,

Joseph,

Benjamin,

Naphtali,

Gad and Asher.

1 chronicles 2 1 230

These are the sons of Israel:

1 Chronicles 2:1-2

Sons of Leah

Reuben,

Simeon,

Levi,

Judah,

Issachar,

Zebulun,

2 Dan,

Joseph,

Benjamin,

Naphtali,

Gad and Asher.

Son of Bilhah (Rachel)

Sons of Rachel

Son of Bilhah (Rachel)

Sons of Zilpah (Leah)

slide31

1 Chronicles 1-9

1

Adam to Abraham and his sons

Lineage of David

2

Sons of Israel down to David

3

Sons of David and Solomon

4

Sons of Judah & Simeon

5

6

7

8

9

the prayer of jabez

The Prayer of Jabez

And Jabez was more honorable than his brothers, and his mother named him Jabez saying, “Because I bore him with pain.” 10 Now Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, “Oh that Thou wouldst bless me indeed, and enlarge my border, and that Thy hand might be with me, and that Thou wouldst keep me from harm, that it may not pain me!” And God granted him what he requested. (1 Chronicles 4:9-10).

slide33

1 Chronicles 1-9

1

Adam to Abraham and his sons

Lineage of David

2

Sons of Israel down to David

3

Sons of David and Solomon

4

Sons of Judah & Simeon

5

Sons of Reuben, Gad, half tribe of Manasseh

6

Sons of Levi, their musicians & settlements

7

Sons of Issachar, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, Asher

8

Sons of Benjamin (greater detail)

No mention of

the tribe of Dan

9

  • Summary of Jerusalem after the exile
        • Priestly families
        • Levitical families
slide34

1st Chronicles

11-12

13-16

17-27

28-29

1-9

10

Death of Saul

Reign of King David

Genealogies of Israel

Mighty men

Ark & Worship

Covenant promises

Temple

site

Histories of Israel’s Kings

1 chronicles 10 1

1 Chronicles 10:1

Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled before the Philistines and fell slain on Mount Gilboa.

1 chronicles 10 136

1 Chronicles 10:1

Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled before the Philistines and fell slain on Mount Gilboa.

1 chronicles 10 2 3

1 Chronicles 10:2-3

The Philistines closely pursued Saul and his sons, and the Philistines struck down Jonathan, Abinadab and Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul. 3 The battle became heavy against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was wounded by the archers.

1 chronicles 10 4

1 Chronicles 10:4

Then Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, otherwise these uncircumcised will come and abuse me.” But his armor bearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore Saul took his sword and fell on it.

1 chronicles 10 7

1 Chronicles 10:7

their cities and fled; and the Philistines came and lived in them.

When all the men of Israel who were in the valley saw that they had fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook

Mount

Gilboa

1 chronicles 10 8 10

1 Chronicles 10:8-10

It came about the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 9 So they stripped him and took his head and his armor and sent messengers around the land of the Philistines to carry the good news to their idols and to the people. 10 They put his armor in the house of their gods and fastened his head in the house of Dagon.

1 chronicles 10 11 12

1 Chronicles 10:11-12

When all Jabesh-gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 all the valiant men arose and took away the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons and brought them to Jabesh, and they buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

slide42

Gibeah

Mount

Gilboa

Jabesh-gilead

And he took a yoke of oxen and cut them in pieces, and sent them throughout the territory of Israel by the hand of messengers, saying, “Whoever does not come out after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done to his oxen.” (1 Samuel 11:7)

AMMON

1 chronicles 10 13 14

1 Chronicles 10:13-14

So Saul died for his trespass which he committed against the LORD, because of the word of the LORD which he did not keep; and also because he asked counsel of a medium, making inquiry of it, 14 and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

slide44

1st Chronicles

11-12

13-16

17-27

28-29

1-9

10

Death of Saul

Reign of King David

Genealogies of Israel

Mighty men

Ark & Worship

Covenant promises

Temple

site

Histories of Israel’s Kings

1 chronicles 11 1 2

1 Chronicles 11:1-2

Then all Israel gathered to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and your flesh. 2 In times past, even when Saul was king, you were the one who led out and brought in Israel; and the LORD your God said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and you shall be prince over My people Israel.’”

1 chronicles 11 3

1 Chronicles 11:3

So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD through Samuel.

slide47

Then David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus); and the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, were there. (1 Chronicles 11:4)

Jerusalem

Hebron

JUDAH

1 chronicles 11 5 6

1 Chronicles 11:5-6

The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You shall not enter here.” Nevertheless David captured the stronghold of Zion (that is, the city of David). 6 Now David had said, “Whoever strikes down a Jebusite first shall be chief and commander.” Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief.

slide51

And David said on that day, "Whoever would strike the Jebusites, let him reach the lame and the blind, who are hated by David's soul, through the water tunnel."(2 Sam 5:6)

1 chronicles 11 7 9

1 Chronicles 11:7-9

Then David dwelt in the stronghold; therefore it was called the city of David. 8 He built the city all around, from the Millo even to the surrounding area; and Joab repaired the rest of the city. 9 David became greater and greater, for the LORD of hosts was with him.

jerusalem
Jerusalem
  • Canaanite city (Ebla tablets date as early as 2400 B.C.)
  • Considered a neutral city by the Israelites
  • Historic connections to Abraham
  • The city from which Jesus would provide redemption
1 chronicles 11 10

1 Chronicles 11:10

Now these are the heads of the mighty men whom David had, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel.

~yrIABGIh; yveÛar"

1 chronicles 11 16 17

1 Chronicles 11:16-17

David was then in the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

17 David had a craving and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!”

hd"_WcM.B;

1 chronicles 11 18 19

1 Chronicles 11:18-19

So the three broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water from the well of Bethlehem which was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David; nevertheless David would not drink it, but poured it out to the LORD; 19 and he said, “Be it far from me before my God that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of these men who went at the risk of their lives? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.

jesus the stronger man
Jesus, the Stronger Man
  • Born in Bethlehem

David

Jesus

  • Born in Bethlehem
  • His mighty men put themselves at risk
  • He is the “mighty man” who gave of Himself for others
  • Poured out the water they brought because of their sacrifice
  • Poured out His own blood for us as the ultimate sacrifice