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Brief History of Russia. From Ancient to the Post-Soviet Era. Four Eras of Russia. Ancient (pre-1688): Kievan Rus , Mongol Invasions, and early Czars Imperialism (1688-1917): Romanov Czars come to power and industrialize Russia.

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brief history of russia

Brief History of Russia

From Ancient

to the

Post-Soviet Era

four eras of russia
Four Eras of Russia

Ancient (pre-1688): KievanRus, Mongol Invasions, and early Czars

Imperialism(1688-1917): Romanov Czars come to power and industrialize Russia.

Soviet Era (1917-1991): Bolsheviks overthrow Czars; Communist Party comes to power.

Post-Soviet (1991- present): Introduction of democracy and capitalism.

ancient russia
Ancient Russia
  • KievanRus unites the region around the 5th century until the 13th century. During this time, the region adopts Eastern Orthodox and aligns w/ Constantinople.
  • Mongol invaders- 13th century to 15th century- force Russian princes to pay tribute.
  • 1400’s and 1500’s, Russian rulers increased their power.
  • Ivan The Terrible was officially crowned the first Czar of Russia in 1547.
  • 1600’s was the start of the Romanov dynasty.
imperialism westernization 1688 1917
Imperialism & Westernization1688-1917
  • Peter the Great (1689-1725)
  • Catherine The Great (1762-1796)
  • Napoleon Invasion-1812
  • Russia is defeated in the Russo-Japanese War-1905
  • Entrance into World War I in 1914; Russia pulls out early because of domestic unrest.
  • Russian Revolution-1917; Overthrow of Czar Nicholas II; Birth of the Communist Party; end of western influence in the Soviet Union until the end of the Cold War.
soviet era 1917 1991
Soviet Era (1917-1991)
  • Rise of the Soviet Union
    • REVOLUTION (1905-1917)
    • Bolsheviks vs. Mensheviks vs. The Romanovs
    • V.I. LENIN (VLADIMIR ILYICH ULYANOV)
  • FEDERAL STRUCTURE
    • USSR (UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS) -1924
implemented the command economy
Implemented the Command Economy
  • AN ECONOMY IN WHICH THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION ARE OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY THE STATE AND IN WHICH CENTRAL PLANNINGOF THE STRUCTURE AND THE OUTPUT PREVAILS.
soviet leaders
Soviet Leaders
  • CZARISM (<1917)
  • LENIN
  • STALIN
  • KRUSCHEV
  • BRESHNEV
  • GORBACHEV
soviet leaders1
Soviet Leaders
  • Lenin (1918-1927)
  • INTRODUCED MARXIST PHILOSOPHY
  • REPLACED PRIVATE WITH PUBLIC OWNERSHIP
  • DEVELOPED NATIONAL ECONOMIC PLANS
  • ESTABLISHED SOVIET POLITICAL STRUCTURE BASED ON ETHNIC IDENTITIES
soviet leaders2
Soviet Leaders
  • Stalin (1927-1953)
  • ALL ASSETS NATIONALIZED
  • CREATION OF HUGE CENTRALIZED STATE MACHINE OVER ALL ASPECTS OF SOVIET LIFE
  • PURGES OF DISSIDENTS (30-60 MILLION)
  • COLLECTIVIZED FARMING CONCENTRATION ON HEAVY INDUSTRY AT EXPENSE OF AGRICULTURE
soviet leaders3
Soviet Leaders
  • Gorbachev (1985-1991)
  • INITIATED ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL REFORM
  • PERESTROIKA
    • RESTRUCTURING
    • ECONOMIC AIM: TO CATCH UP WITH WESTERN ECONOMIES
    • POLITICAL AIM: REFORM OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
collapse of the soviet union conditions in 1990 1991
COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION(CONDITIONS IN 1990 & 1991)
  • A SHARP DECLINE IN AGRICULTURAL & INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION
  • ECONOMIC OUTPUT DOWN BY 4% IN 1990 & 10-15% IN FIRST HALF OF 1991
  • INTENSIFICATION OF NATIONALISM & SEPARATISM
post soviet era
Post-Soviet Era
  • Westernization of Russia
  • Introduction of Capitalism and Market Economy
  • Introduction of outside cultural influences (fast food restaurants)
  • Ongoing issues with Chechnya