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Spanish Expansion. Spain vs. France. Texas is a buffer between Spanish Mexico and French Louisiana. Alonzo de Leon. Expedition to find French settlements Priest meets Caddos – friendliness mistaken for eagerness to convert Established Mission San Francisco de los Tejas.

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Spain vs france
Spain vs. France

  • Texas is a buffer between Spanish Mexico and French Louisiana


Alonzo de leon
Alonzo de Leon

  • Expedition to find French settlements

  • Priest meets Caddos – friendliness mistaken for eagerness to convert

  • Established Mission San Francisco de los Tejas


Failure of first mission
Failure of First Mission

  • Crops fail due to drought

  • Diseases killed natives

  • Natives became hostile, didn’t like mission life

  • French not a threat

  • 1st mission abandoned after 3 years

  • Spanish realized need for military support and settlement


Father francisco hidalgo
Father Francisco Hidalgo

  • Request for new mission in East Texas

    • Baptized natives have a church to attend

  • His request was denied by New Spain govt.

  • Invited French priests to help Texas natives


St denis
St.Denis

  • The French accepted Father Hidalgo’s request and sent St. Denis

  • Helps reopen San Fransisco de los Tejas

  • Established 6 missions in East Texas and LA by 1716


Alamo
Alamo

  • Presidio - a military post in areas under Spanish control

  • Mission San Antonio de Valero (Alamo) & presidio San Antonio de Bexar on San Antonio River


Chicken war
Chicken War

  • War in Europe breaks out (French v. Spanish)

  • French soldiers attack mission

  • Leader tied chickens to his saddle

    • Falls off

    • Captives get away

  • Spaniards retreat Alamo

  • All Spanish abandoned missions


France loses
France loses

  • Spanish return to East Texas

  • Build new missions and presidios

  • Spain firmly established in Texas


East texas missions
East Texas Missions

  • Attacked by Apaches

  • Missions moved to San Antonio

  • Settlers came and established ranched in Rio Grande valley


Territory grew
Territory Grew

  • After French and Indian War

    • Spain gets French land west of Mississippi River

  • Territory is too large to develop and defend

  • All missions in East Texas move to San Antonio