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OAS #1 Review: “Unit 4 (History + Civics of SW Asia)”. 7 th Grade Social Studies Tuesday, October 9, 2012. SS7H2. SS7H2: “The student will analyze continuity and change in SW Asia (Middle East) leading to the 21st Century.”. SS7H2a.

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oas 1 review unit 4 history civics of sw asia

OAS #1 Review:“Unit 4 (History + Civics of SW Asia)”

7th Grade Social Studies

Tuesday, October 9, 2012

ss7h2
SS7H2
  • SS7H2:
    • “The student will analyze continuity and change in SW Asia (Middle East) leading to the 21st Century.”
ss7h2a
SS7H2a
  • When the Ottoman Empire was broken into pieces by the Europeans, the artificial boundaries created led to:
    • Regional conflict
ss7h2b
SS7H2b
  • Anti-Semitism:
    • Prejudice against Jews
  • Zionism:
    • Movement to create Jewish homeland in Palestine
  • Holocaust:
    • Time period during WWII when millions of European Jews were killed
ss7h2b1
SS7H2b
  • Due to the Jewish connection to the land, high amounts of anti-Semitism, the Zionism movement, and the effects of the Holocaust:
    • In 1948, The United Nations divided the land of Palestine between the Arabs and the Jews
    • Ultimately, most of this land became the modern State of Israel
ss7h2c
SS7H2c
  • Conflict continues in the Middle East due to:
    • Historical claims to the same land
  • Since the end of World War II:
    • Religion has played a major role in creating conflict in the Middle East
ss7h2d
SS7H2d
  • Persian Gulf War (Conflict) [1991]:
    • Began when Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait and threatened billions of barrels of oil
    • U.S. forced Iraqi troops to withdraw from Kuwait
    • (protect its oil interests) + (protect Israel)
ss7h2d1
SS7H2d
  • Invasion of Afghanistan [2001]:
    • In response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks
    • U.S. troops eliminated members of the Taliban, which was offering safety to al-Qaeda (the terrorist organization responsible for 9/11)
    • (combat terrorism)
ss7h2d2
SS7H2d
  • Invasion of Iraq [2003]:
    • U.S. believed that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction (WMDs)
    • Saddam Hussein was removed from power, but no WMDs were found
    • (protect its oil interests) + (combat terrorism)
ss7cg4
SS7CG4
  • SS7CG4:
    • “The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.”
ss7cg4a
SS7CG4a
  • Unitary:
    • Power is held by one central authority
  • Confederation:
    • Voluntary associations of independent states
  • Federal:
    • Power is divided (shared) between one central government and several regional governments
ss7cg4b
SS7CG4b
  • Autocracy:
    • One person has unlimited power, and the citizen has no role in the government
  • Oligarchy:
    • A small group has power, and the citizen has a limited role in the government
  • Democracy:
    • A government in which supreme power is vested with the people; the citizen has high amounts of voting rights and personal freedoms
ss7cg4c
SS7CG4c

Parliamentary Democracy:

Presidential Democracy:

President is constitutionally independent of the legislature

President is elected in an open and free election

  • Power is held by the legislature
  • Executive power is held by the prime minister
ss7cg5
SS7CG5
  • SS7CG5:
    • “The student will explain the structures of the modern governments of SW Asia (Middle East).”
ss7cg5a
SS7CG5a
  • State of Israel:
    • Parliamentary democracy:
      • Although there is a president, the prime minister holds executive power
ss7cg5a1
SS7CG5a
  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:
    • Absolute monarchy (autocracy) led by a king who inherits power
    • Low amounts of voting rights and personal freedoms (especially for women)
ss7cg5a2
SS7CG5a
  • Islamic Republic of Iran:
    • Theocratic Republic:
      • Government ruled by religious law
    • Presidential democracy:
      • The president and parliament members are elected by citizens