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Romanesque & Gothic Architecture. Church of St. Etienne Caen, France Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury, England. Romanesque Architecture. “Descended from Roman” Emerged around 1000 and lasted until roughly 1150 Characteristics: Massive, thick walls Grounded, Earthly appearance

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slide2
Church of St. Etienne

Caen, France

Canterbury CathedralCanterbury, England

romanesque architecture
Romanesque Architecture
  • “Descended from Roman”
  • Emerged around 1000 and lasted until roughly 1150
  • Characteristics:
    • Massive, thick walls
    • Grounded, Earthly appearance
    • Round arches
    • Barrel vaults
    • Large towers
    • Small windows
slide4
Church of St. Sernin

Toulouse, France

gothic architecture
Gothic Architecture
  • “Gothic” is a Renaissance invention to insult the style.
  • Gothic originally termed “French Style”
  • Style of the High Middle Ages in Northern Europe.
  • Characteristics:
    • Flying buttresses
    • Vertical emphasis
    • Pointed arches (ogival)
    • Ribbed vaults
    • Large windows/Light
    • Stained glass windows
abbot suger
Abbot Suger
  • 1085 – 1151 Redesigned Church of Saint-Denis in Paris
  • First Gothic structure
  • King of France proclaimed that this would be the model for future churches
abbott suger and the gothic style
Abbott Suger and the Gothic Style
  • Technical innovation: glass walls
  • Light: analogy to God’s spiritual being
  • Created Gothic framework of soaring lines; metaphor for God’s world.
slide14
Pisa Cathedral

Pisa, Italy

slide20
Chartres Cathedral

Chartres, France

chartres 1194 1240
Chartres:1194-1240
  • Chartres surpassed all others: perfection of design, stained glass and sculpture.
  • Relic: Mary’s tunic
  • Floor plan: basic Latin Cross but with broader portals on north and south
  • Still has the all of its original glass
slide26
Duomo

Milan, Italy

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