facility layout l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Facility Layout PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Facility Layout

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Facility Layout - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Facility Layout. Chapter 10 pages 343-355, 366-367. MGMT 326. Products & Processes. Quality Assurance. Planning & Control. Foundations of Operations. Facilities. Capacity and Location. Managing Projects. Managing Quality. Introduction. Strategy. Product Design. Statistical

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Facility Layout' - umberto

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
facility layout

Facility Layout

Chapter 10

pages 343-355, 366-367


MGMT 326

Products &





& Control


of Operations



and Location
















Just-in-Time & Lean Systems

presentation outline
Presentation Outline
  • Importance of layout planning
  • Types of layouts
    • Comparing process and product layouts
  • Designing process layouts
  • Designing cellular layouts
  • Office layouts
what is layout planning
What Is Layout Planning?
  • Layout planning is determining the best physical arrangement of resources within a facility
why is layout planning important
Why is layout planning important?
  • Eliminates unnecessary costs for space and materials handling
  • Reduces work-in-process inventory
  • Produces goods and services faster
  • Reduces distances that workers must travel in the workplace
  • Improves communication and morale
  • Increases retail sales
  • Improves brand image
types of layouts
Types of Layouts
  • Process layouts: Group similar resources together
  • Product layouts: Designed to produce a specific product, or a small number of products efficiently
  • Hybrid layouts: Combine aspects of both process and product layouts
    • Examples: cellular layout, grocery store
  • Fixed-Position layouts: Product is too large to move
    • Examples: building construction, shipyard
    • Resources must be brought to where they are needed
process layouts
Process Layouts
  • Used in project and batch manufacturing (intermittent processes)
  • Also used in department stores, offices, hospitals, and universities
  • Able to make or sell a variety of products
  • Use general purpose resources
  • Less automation than in product layouts
process layouts 2
Process Layouts (2)
  • Material handling costs per unit are higher than in product layouts
  • Scheduling production is more complex than in product layouts
product layouts
Product Layouts
  • Used in assembly lines and continuous manufacturing (repetitive processes)
  • A cafeteria line is a product layout
  • In manufacturing, product layouts are used to produce one product, or a small group of products, efficiently
  • Uses special purpose resources
  • More automation than in process layouts
product layouts 2
Product Layouts (2)
  • Material handling costs per unit are lower than in process layouts
  • Scheduling production is simpler than in process layouts
designing process layouts
Designing Process Layouts
  • Step 1: Gather information:
    • Space needed, space available, importance of proximity between various units
  • Step 2: Develop alternative block plans:
    • Using trial-and-error or decision support tools
    • 2 approaches
      • Relationship (REL) chart
      • From-to matrix
    • Can use both
    • Decision support systems are heuristic methods
      • Usually give a "good" solution
      • Solution may not be optimal (best solution)
designing process layouts 2
Designing Process Layouts (2)
  • Step 3: Develop a detailed layout
    • Consider exact sizes and shapes of departments and work centers including aisles and stairways
    • Tools like drawings, 3-D models, and computer-assisted design (CAD) software are often used
process layout example
Process Layout Example

Block layout for a sports medicine clinic

cellular layouts
Cellular Layouts
  • Used to make parts in Just-in-Time Manufacturing
  • Based on group technology
  • Group technology (GT): A method of organizing parts into families with similar manufacturing requirements
  • A manufacturing cell is created for each part family
office layouts
Office Layouts
  • Almost half the U. S. work force works in an office
  • Human interaction and communication are the primary considerations in office layouts
  • People who need to interact frequently should be close to each other
  • One key layout tradeoff is between closeness and privacy
office layouts 2
Office Layouts (2)
  • Open concept officespromote understanding and trust.
  • A few closed rooms are needed for private discussions, such as personnel matters.
  • Moveable walls provide flexibility to change the layout when needed.
office layout example 3d systems
Office Layout Example3D Systems
  • Hi-tech company – provides equipment and materials for rapid product design and manufacturing
  • Rock Hill headquarters handles product design, sales, training, and administration
  • Open office plan
  • Conference room
  • Areas for informal meetings
  • Product showroom for customers
  • Cyber café and fitness center for employees