Facility Layout decisions translate the broader decisions about a firm’s strategy such as competitive priorities, process, and capacity into actual physical arrangements of people, equipment, and space . Facility Layout. Emphasis: On flexibility and change.
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Determine:·Placement of departments·Workgroups within departments·Workstations·Machines·Stock-holding pointsFactory: smooth work flow Service: traffic pattern
Process Layout - Job shop/functional layout
Similar equipment or functions are grouped together
Tools:Interdepartmental Flow Systematic Layout Planning Distance/Load Basis
Product Layout - Assembly Line
Equipment is arranged according to the steps in which the product is madeTools:Line balancing Group Technology (cellular) Fixed-position layout
1.Ambient conditions 2.Spatial layout and functionality3.Signs, symbols, and artifacts
Manufacturing & Back-Office Operations1.Straight line flow patterns2.Backtracking minimized3.Production time predictable4.Little inter-stage storage of materials5.Open plant floors so everyone can see what is happening
6.Bottleneck operations under control7.Workstations close together8.Orderly handling and storage of materials9.No unnecessary re-handling of material10.Easily adjustable to changing conditions
1.easily understood service flow pattern2.adequate waiting facilities3.easy communication with customers4.easily maintained customer surveillance5.clear exit and entry points with adequate checkout capabilities6.departments and processes arranged so that customers only see what you want them to see7.balance between waiting areas and service areas8.minimum walking and material movement9.lack of clutter
10.high sales volume per square foot of facility
-reduce unnecessary activities-prevent damage to inventory-enhance communication-prevent rework-provide privacy-provide for employee safety-provide for security of resources-enhance labor skills and functional excellence-enhance the quality of work life-provide for customer involvement