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If you\'ve been suffering from upper abdominal or pelvic symptoms - pain, swelling, or any other types of discomfort, your doctor may recommend an ultrasound examination. http://www.ultrasound-direct.com/
pelvic scan can tell you
If you've been suffering from upper abdominal or pelvic symptoms - pain, swelling, or any other
types of discomfort, your doctor may recommend an ultrasound examination.
Ultrasound uses high frequency sound waves to capture live images of the organs inside your
body to check for any structural abnormalities or other problems. It's painless and non invasive
and gives sonographers a window into what is happening to your major organs, including the
gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, liver, kidneys, bladder and prostate gland.
A men's upper abdominal and pelvic scan is available privately from Ultrasound Direct and may
help you get a diagnosis for symptoms that have been troubling you. It involves fasting for eight
hours beforehand and drinking 0.5 litres (I pint) of clear fluid one hour before the test.
Gallbladder issues are just one of the medical conditions that can be diagnosed via upper
Gallstones are solid lumps that form from bile, which is made in the liver to digest fat
and stored in the gallbladder. Gallstones are now estimated to affect 10 to 15 per cent of
the population.i Gallstones only cause problems if they move from the gallbladder into
the bile ducts (tubes that lead from the gall bladder and the intestine). If they become
lodged in the duct this can cause inflammation (known as cholecystitis) and pain called
biliary colic - which can be excruciating.
Gall bladder polyps: These can cause similar symptoms to gallstones, but the worry is
that they could later turn into gallbladder cancer.
Gall bladder cancer: Cancer of the gallbladder is rare but more common in people who
have gallstones or gallbladder polyps. Symptoms include: feeling sick, pain in the upper
right abdominal area and yellow skin and whites of the eyes.
Problems with the kidneys
Your kidneys are important organs as they remove waste from the bloodstream, as well as
excess water and they also help to regulate blood pressure. Ultrasound can help identify various
kidney problems including:
Kidney stones: These are crystals that form in the kidneys, most are passed out in urine,
but larger kidney stones can get stuck in the kidneys or block the tubes running from the
kidneys to the bladder. This can cause intense pain in the back, side, or groin (known as
renal colic). Three in 20 men and 2 in 20 women will develop them at some point.ii
include a lump or swelling in the kidney area, constant pain below the ribs and blood in
the urine. However 50 per cent of cases have no symptoms.
The pancreas controls important enzymes and hormones needed for digestion, including insulin
to regulate blood sugar. An ultrasound scan can reveal various problems with the pancreas
Acute pancreatitis: This is a short term but serious inflammation of the pancreas.
The symptoms include severe, sudden pain in the middle of the abdomen,
nausea and vomiting and diarrhoea. It's often linked to gallstones and drinking
Chronic pancreatitis: The pancreas becomes permanently inflamed and causes
repeated attacks of stomach pains. It's most common in middle-aged men aged
45 to 54.iii Excessive alcohol intake is the cause in 70 per cent of cases.
Pancreatic cancer: Ultrasound is one of many tests that are used to diagnose
pancreatic cancer. Others include blood tests and CT scans. Symptoms are
typically vague and include unexplained weight loss, tummy pain and loss of
appetite, jaundice, nausea and recently diagnosed diabetes.
Your liver is the biggest solid organ in the body and has many important functions including
converting food to energy, storing iron and mobilising macrophage cells (large white blood
cells which ingest foreign bodies and fight off infections).
An ultrasound scan can detect scarring and other abnormalities of the liver including:
Cirrhosis: Long-term damage to the liver results in scarring and fibrosis. There are
many causes including alcohol abuse and hepatitis (inflammation of the liver). Early
symptoms include weight loss, feeling sick and tenderness/pain in the liver area. Later
symptoms include intense itching of the skin, swelling of the abdomen and dark urine.
Around 4,000 people a year die of cirrhosis in the UK.ivUltrasound is one of the tests that
can help diagnose cirrhosis, others include CT scans and MRI scans.
Your prostate gland is a small walnut-shaped gland, which surrounds the urethra (the tube that
carries urine out of the body). Ultrasound is one of the tests used to assess the health of your
prostate. Problems, which affect the prostate, include:
symptoms include urinary frequency, needing to pass urine at night and difficulties
stopping and starting urinating.
Prostatitis: This is where the prostate becomes swollen and inflamed and is sometimes
caused by a bacterial infection.
Prostate cancer: This is the most common type of cancer in men and 40,000 new cases
are diagnosed every year.v Symptoms are similar to benign prostate enlargement.
For more information on men's upper and abdominal and pelvic scans contact Ultrasound
i Shaffer EA. Epidemiology and risk factors for gallstone disease: has the paradigm changed in the 21st
century? Curr Gastroenterol Rep 2005; 7(2): 132-140 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15802102