D.A Public School ‘O’ & ‘A’ Levels Forests of Pakistan A multimedia presentation by Yasmin Aziz
Natural Vegetation Natural Vegetation Consists Of Plants That Grow Naturally Without The Plantation of People. Trees Grass Fungi Shrubs Algae Lichens Mosses
Types Of Vegetation Forests Grassland Desert Vegetation
Forests Tropical Rain forests TemperateConiferousForests Very Heavy (1000mm to 2000mm) Very Heavy (1000mm to 2000mm) Temperate Deciduous Forests Very Heavy (1000mm to 2000mm) Average Annual Temperature High Low Moderate
Grassland Low To Moderate (Total Annual Rainfall) Type Of Natural Vegetation Average Annual Temperature Tropical Grassland High Moderate Temperate Grassland
Temperate grassland Tropical grassland
Desert Vegetation Very Low (Total Annual Rainfall) Average Annual Temperature Types Of Natural Vegetation Very High Hot Desert Vegetation Cold Desert Vegetation Very Low
Cold Hot Desert desert vegetation Vegetation
Types Of Forests Tropical Rainforests Temperate Deciduous Forests Temperate Coniferous Forests Monsoon Forests
Temperate coniferous forests Tropical rainforests Temperate Deciduous Forests Monsoon forests
Topography of Pakistan and the location of forests • The mountain slopes are steep. • The valleys are narrow. • The nature of climate with high intensity rainfall in summer and of soil in the northern regions render these mountains prone to landslides. • Pakistan is an oblong stretch of land between the Arabian sea and Karakoram mountains, • Lying diagonally between 24° N and 37° N latitudes and 61° E and 75° E longitudes, • Area of 87.98 million hectares. • The country has a continuous massive mountainous tract in the north, the west and south-west and a large fertile plain, the Indus plain.
Types of Forests in Pakistan • Littoral and Swamp forests • Tropical dry deciduous forests • Tropical thorn forests • Sub-tropical broad leaved evergreen forests • Sub-tropical pine forests • Himalayan moist temperate forests • Himalayan dry temperate forests • Sub-alpine forests • Alpine scrub
Famous Forests In Pakistan Juniper forest ChangaManga LalSohanra
Products From Forests Temperate Forests Rainforests Timber Crops Fruits Sheep & Cattle Leather Wool Timber Rubber Chocolate Quinine Cocaine Other Drugs etc. ConiferousForests Monsoon Forests Teak Bamboos Crops Rubber Softwood Timber(for making paper , Cardboard, Telegraph Poles Rayon)
Environmental Threats • Today, Clearing away rainforests is a much more than 20 000 square kilometer of rainforest a month with giant machine. They are making huge farms for animal ranching, growing rice, sugar cane, palm oil, rubber and other tropical corps. • Often, the soil is severely eroded because the canopy is no longer there to protect it from being washed away. Scientists are worried that the rainforests will disappear, taking with them other medicinal drugs that have yet to be discovered. Many environmental organizational are fighting to save rainforests.
Conclusion • The concept of reforestation should be encouraged to match the rapidly • Increasing phenomena of deforestation. • To avoid pollution and global warming, deforestation has to be reduced. • We need to save endangered species of animals such as Pandas. • Forests are home to many animals that provide us with skin for • Clothes, meat to eat, milk and other dairy products. Hurting their natural • Habitat would result in a disruption in the food chain for humans. • Cutting down forests also results in increased surface run off and hence • Increases the risk of floods. Save Save Pakistan forests