Conflicts in the Middle East - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Conflicts in the Middle East

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  1. Conflicts in the Middle East A History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

  2. Causes European Jews wanted a homeland Effects Jews begin to move to Palestine to live (Ancient Home before Diaspora) Zionism (1890s)

  3. Causes Ottoman Empire began to weaken Effects Arabs were anxious to establish their own country Arab Nationalism (1900s)

  4. Causes Jews want a homeland Palestinians feared more Jews Effects Britain promises partition of the country Balfour Declaration (1917)

  5. Causes Nazis attacked and murdered millions of European Jews Effects Jews wanted a homeland to feel protected and form a nation Holocaust (1940s)

  6. Causes UN supported plan to partition Palestine Effects Six Arab states attack the next day- Israel captures land Creation of Israel (1948)

  7. Causes Egypt seizes and nationalizes the Suez Canal Effects World community pressures Israel to withdraw from Egypt Second Arab-Israeli War (1956)

  8. Causes Arabs believe state of Israel needs to be destroyed Effects Promote terrorist acts against the Jewish state PLO Founded (1964)

  9. Causes Egypt closes off Gulf of Aqaba (outlet to the Red Sea) Effects Israel captures Jerusalem, Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, and West Bank Six-Day War (1967)

  10. Causes Surprise attack by Arabs Effects Israel launches counter-attack to regain lost territory Yom Kippur War (1973)

  11. Causes Peace for land Effects Peace between Egypt and Israel- Sadat is assassinated Israel recognized as state Camp David Accords (1978-1979)

  12. Causes Israel drives PLO out into neighboring Lebanon Effects Lebanese Christian militia fighters kill Palestinian refugees Warfare in Lebanon (1982-1985)

  13. Causes Palestinians were frustrated with Israeli rule and actions in the ME Effects Boycotts, riots, demonstrations in Israel by Palestinians Intifada (1987)