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Sentinel-2: Usage by World Food Programme WFP – World Food Programme. Sentinel-2 User Consultation Meeting, 25 April 2012. The World Food Programme. WFP is one of the largest humanitarian and development agency of the UN, working in more than 80 countries The main priority of WFP is to:
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WFP – World Food Programme
Sentinel-2 User Consultation Meeting, 25 April 2012
WFP is one of the largest humanitarian and development agency of the UN, working in more than 80 countries
The main priority of WFP is to:
Provide timely and appropriate humanitarian assistance to save lives and protect livelihoods of the poor and vulnerable households against shocks and food emergencies
EO information must be combined with other information in order to draw conclusions about possible impacts
How is this translated into information of value for WFP? Know-how of farming systems and crop calendars :
Short maturing sorghum is planted early so as to yield the first grain harvest of the season.
The NDVI anomaly translates into a “hunger gap” longer by 4 to 6 weeks.
Impact of this has to be judged against status of household stocks, itself mostly a function of previous season’s production
NDVI profile analysis allows an idea of the changes in the type of irrigated farming (crop intensity) that have taken place since the preparation of the land cover.
Joint FAO-WFP missions
Sentinel-2 could produce key input information both providing cultivated area estimates, and determining spot areas for the field mission visits
Contributions to more accurate assessment of cultivated area may be crucial input, in particular for South Sudan (Mission provides only production estimate for the country)
Sentinel-2 can provide much improved information relative to current staple of MODIS 250m
Fast estimates of affected crop land and most impacted areas – crucial for first three weeks when speed of information delivery is crucial
WFP operations – destroyed roads/bridges, ID of heli landing sites
Questions related to latency of operational product
WFP and IFAD collaborating on a Weather Risk Management Facilityto improve access to index-based insurance products and a range of other financial services for food security
Evaluating usage of hybrid satellite and weather station products where weather station data are limited to inform weather indices
Sentinel-2 : Fine scale verification of crop performance
Food assistance modalities include FFW and FFA, where food is provided to support improvement of community natural assets. Aims to reduce vulnerability to shocks (drought) by addressing environmental degradation
MERET program in Ethiopia:
Community watershed development, linking natural resource management with livelihood rehabilitation.
Water harvesting, soil conservation, drainage structures, re-forestation.
Treatment of steepslopes for maximum water retention and infiltration effect
Role of Sentinel-2
Identification of land degradation hotspots
Assessment of land cover changes
Land cover products, seasonal indicators
New procurement model
Still a small component within overall WFP procurement volumes, but maybe locally important
Food purchases from local small scale producers
Monitoring crop performance on participating farms, in particular under forward contracting situations
World Food Programme
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