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Marketing Research: Methodological Foundations, 9e By Churchill and Iacobucci. © 2005 Thomson/South-Western. Chapter 1 Marketing Research: It’s Everywhere!. product. price. promotion. place. Figure 1: The Task of Marketing Management. target. market.

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marketing research methodological foundations 9e by churchill and iacobucci

Marketing Research: Methodological Foundations, 9eByChurchill and Iacobucci

© 2005 Thomson/South-Western

slide2

Chapter 1

  • Marketing Research:
  • It’s Everywhere!
slide3

product

price

promotion

place

Figure 1: The Task of Marketing Management

target

market

slide4

Figure 2: The Environments That Affect Marketing

Economic

Environment

Political

and Legal

Environment

Competitive

Environment

Customer

Value and

Behavior

Marketing

Strategy

Technological

Environment

Social

Environment

Natural

Environment

slide5

Definition of Marketing Research

  • Marketing research is the “function which links the consumer, customer, and public to the marketer through information--information used to identify and define marketing opportunities and problems; generate, refine and evaluate marketing actions; monitor marketing performance; and improve understanding of marketing as a process.”
slide6

Figure 3: Where the Marketing Research Dollars are Concentrated

Source: Inside Research, “Where the Money Is,” American Demographics (www.demographics.com).

slide7

Research Activities of 435 Companies

Percent

Doing

A. Business Economic and Corporate Research

1. Industry/market characteristics and trends

2. Acquisition/diversification studies

3. Market share analyses

4. Internal employee studies (morale, communication, etc.)

92%

50

85

72

B. Pricing

1. Cost analysis

2. Price analysis

3. Price elasticity

4. Demand analysis:

a) market potential

b) sales potential

c) sales forecasts

5. Competitive pricing analyses

57

55

56

78

75

71

71

C. Product

1. Concept development and testing

2. Brand name generation and testing

3. Test market

4. Product testing of existing products

5. Packaging design studies

6. Competitive product studies

78

55

55

63

48

54

slide8

Research Activities of 435 Companies (continued)

Percent

Doing

25%

39

31

32

D. Distribution

1. Plant/warehouse location studies

2. Channel performance studies

3. Channel coverage studies

4. Expert and international studies

E. Promotion

1. Motivation research

2. Media research

3. Copy research

4. Advertising effectiveness testing

a) prior to marketplace airing

b) during marketplace airing

5. Competitive advertising studies

6. Public image studies

7. Sales force compensation studies

8. Sales force quota studies

9. Sales force territory structure

10. Studies of premiums, coupons, deals, etc.

56

70

68

67

66

43

65

34

28

32

47

F. Buying Behavior

1. Brand preference

2. Brand attitudes

3. Product satisfaction

4. Purchase behavior

5. Purchase intentions

6. Brand awareness

7. Segmentation studies

78

76

87

80

79

80

84

slide9

Could Marketing Research Be Used to Investigate the Following? If Yes, How?

Yes/No

  • What is our product’s per unit profit margin?
  • Can the Internet be used as an efficient distribution channel for our products?
  • Which brand name projects the image we want for our product?
  • How many suppliers should we purchase from?
  • What kinds of firms use our services?
  • What is the lifetime value of our target customer segments?
  • What is the most effective trade promotion program?
  • What is our reputation with government regulatory agencies?
slide10

How Might Each of These Institutions Use Marketing Research?

  • An outdoor advertising firm
  • A local bank
  • A dairy farm
  • The Los Angeles Lakers
  • A nature conservation group
  • A manufacturer of large-screen TVs, operating in Mexico City
  • The Food and Drug Administration
slide11

Marketing Research, E-Commerce, and the Internet

Electronic Marketing Research:

Research ON the Internet: These studies use the Internet or other high tech means to study any consumer or market behavior. The Internet becomes another modality for communicating with customers, like paper-pencil surveys, phone interviews, etc.

Research ABOUT the Internet: These studies focus on e-commerce or consumer and market behavior on the Internet as an end in itself. They often also use the Internet as a means of collecting data, e.g., through email contacts, Web-based surveys, or surreptitious observation and measurement of Web page visitations.

Electronic Marketing Research Companies:

Full Service, Established Firms: extending their menu of services to include the Internet (e.g., A.C. Nielsen, The NPD Group, Information Resources Inc.)

Internet Specialists: Newer marketing research firms concentrating on the Internet (e.g., Media Metrix, I-tracks, eMarketer, Jupiter Communications)

slide12

Figure 4: Reports of Last Year, and Projection of Next Year’s,

Use of Traditional and Online Marketing Research Projects

Source: Thomas Miller (2001) “Studies of Information, Research, and Consulting Services,” www.uwisc.edu/nielsencenter.

slide16

Figure 5, continued

Source: “Marketing Fact Book,” Marketing News (July 7, 2003).

slide17

RESEARCH REALITIES 2: TOP 20 GLOBAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS

Source: Honomichl Top 50 Annual Business Report on the Marketing Research Industry, Marketing News (June 9, 2003),

Chicago: American Marketing Association.

slide18

Marketing Research Job Titles and Responsibilities

Directors and Managers:

Research Director/Vice President of Marketing Research: This is the senior position in research. The Director is responsible for the entire research program of the company. Accepts assignments from superiors or from clients, or may, on own initiative, develop and propose research undertakings to company executives. Employs personnel and exercises general supervision of the research department. Presents research findings to clients or to company executives.

Assistant Director of Research: This position usually represents a defined “second in command,” a senior staff member having responsibilities above those of other staff members.

Analytically Skilled Methodologists:

Statistician/Data Processing Specialist: Duties are usually those of an expert consultant on the theory and application of statistical techniques to specific research problems. Usually responsible for experimental design and data processing.

Qualitative Specialist: Some firms have a person specifically assigned to oversee interview techniques and focus groups.

slide19

Marketing Research Job Titles and Responsibilities (continued)

Analysts:

Senior Analyst: Usually found in larger research departments. Participates with superior in initial planning of research projects and direct execution of projects assigned. Operates with minimum supervision. Prepares, or works with analysts in preparing, questionnaires. Selects research techniques, makes analyses, and writes final report. Budgetary control over projects and primary responsibility for meeting time schedules rest with the Senior Analyst.

Analyst: The Analyst usually handles the bulk of the work required for the execution of research projects. Often works under a Senior Analyst. The Analyst assists in questionnaire preparation, pre-tests them, and makes preliminary analyses of results. Most of the library research or work with company data is handled by the Analyst.

Junior Analyst: Working under rather close supervision, Junior Analysts handle routine assignments. Editing and coding of questionnaires, statistical calculations above the clerical level, simpler forms of library research are among their duties. A large portion of the Junior Analyst’s time is spent on tasks assigned by superiors.

slide20

Marketing Research Job Titles and Responsibilities (Continued)

Data Collection:

Field Work Director: Usually only larger departments have a Field Work Director who hires, trains, and supervises field interviewers.

Full-time Interviewer: The Interviewer conducts personal interviews and works under direct supervision of the Field Work Director. Few companies employ full-time interviewers.

Support Staff:

Tabulating & Clerical Help: The routine, day-to-day work of the department is performed by these individuals.

Librarian: The Librarian builds and maintains a library of reference sources adequate to the needs of the research department.

Clerical Supervisor: In larger departments, the central handling and processing of statistical data are the responsibility of one or more Clerical Supervisors. Duties include work scheduling, and responsibility for accuracy.

slide21

Necessary Skills for an Entry or Junior Level Marketing Research Position

Technical Skills

* Computer Literacy

* Sample Design

* Statistical Analysis

* Numerical Skills

Managerial Skills

* Oral Presentation

* Written Communications

* People Relations

* Project Coordination