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Using MLA Style (Modern Language Association) for Paper Formatting and Citations . Current MLA Handbook . MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers . 7th ed. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print . (use only the 7 th edition!). General MLA Guidelines:.

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current mla handbook
Current MLA Handbook

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.

(use only the 7th edition!)

general mla guidelines
General MLA Guidelines:

Double-space everything

Font: Times New Roman

Font size: 12 pt.

1’’ inch margins on all sides

first page format
First Page Format
  • No title/cover page (unless your instructor asks)
  • Upper left corner must have your name, instructor’s name, course number, and the date
  • Center title of paper (use standard caps but no underline, italics, quotes, or bold)
sample 1st page mla style
Sample 1st Page, MLA Style

your last name & page #

your name

instructor’s name

course number

title of paper, centered


indent each paragraph

what is an in text citation
What is an In-Text Citation ?

An in-text citation provides information about a source in the body of your paper.

what is a source and why cite them
What is a Source and Why Cite Them?
  • A source is where information is taken from.
  • It reflects the careful and thorough work you have put into locating and exploring your sources.
  • It helps readers understand the context of your argument.
  • It allows you to acknowledge those authors who contributed to your learning and your work.
types of sources
Types of Sources

Books (print or electronic)

Cover a variety of topics.

Newspaper Articles (print or electronic)

Include the latest events and trends.

Journal Articles (print or electronic)

Where to find the most up-to-date information and research in industry, business, and academia.

Government Reports and Legal Documents (print or electronic)

The government releases information intended for its own use or for public use.


Media sources such as radio and television broadcasts, interactive talks, and public meetings.

types of in text citations
Types of In-Text Citations

Direct Quote

Indirect Quote

Where you reproduce part or all of someone else’s idea in your own words(paraphrasing).

Where you use or summarize someone else’s research.

  • Where you quote a source directly, word for word.
  • Where you duplicate source material without changes (e.g. diagrams, charts, other audio-visual material).
mla in text citation format
MLA In-Text Citation Format

Whenever you use a source, provide

(in parentheses):

The author’s last name and the page number

Example: (Jones 15)

examples of in text citations
Examples of In-Text Citations

Examples with One Author

  • Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).
  • Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
  • Wordsworthextensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

Author’s last name and page # must be stated in an in-text citation

No comma between name and page unless with multiple authors

examples of in text citations1
Examples of In-Text Citations

Examples with Two or Three Authors

  • A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose and certain performance goals. (Katzenbach and Smith 45).
  • Modern researchers now accept the principle that dreams express a profound aspect of personality (Beats, Torres and Heart 33).

If a source has two or three authors, place all of the authors' last names in the text.

examples of in text citations2
Examples of In-Text Citations

Examples with Four or More Authors

You can name all the authors in the order that they appear in the source or list the first author with et al.

(Et al. is Latin for “and others”)

  • The authors state "Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights" (Smith, Yang, Drew and Moore 76).
  • Gun violence affects teenagers in the United States more than any other country in the world (Smith et al. 188-89).
examples of in text citations3
Examples of In-Text Citations

Example with an Unknown Author

  • The use of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems has grown substantially over the past five years as companies attempt to adapt to customer needs and to improve their profitability ("Making CRM Work” 55).
examples of in text citations4
Examples of In-Text Citations

Example with a Corporate or Government Agency as Author

  • The State Department’s travel advisory “strongly encourages American citizens planning travel abroad to register their travel with the Department of State” (U.S. Dept. of State).

(The abbreviation can also be used)

what is a works cited page
What is a Works Cited Page?

A works cited page is a list of all of the sources you have cited in your paper.

what d oes the works cited page contain
What does the Works Cited Page Contain?

It contains citations which gives your readers the information necessary to find the source again, including:

  • The author of the work
  • The title of the work
  • The name and location of the company that published the source
  • The date it was published
  • The medium (type of source - print, web, film, etc.)
mla works cited page format
MLA Works Cited Page Format
  • It’s the last part of your paper.
  • The title of the page is Works Cited (do not italicize or put in quotation marks) and center at the top of the page.
  • Entries are listed alphabetically by author’s last name or by name of article.
  • When the citation has a 2nd and/or 3rd line, give that line a hanging indentation five spaces in from the margin.

Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-

American Meal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. Print.

sample mla works cited page
Sample MLA Works Cited Page

“ Works Cited” must be centered

create hanging indent

(5 spaces).

Smith 6

your last name with page # of your paper

all works cited in alphabetical order by author’s last name

citations print sources
Citations: Print Sources



Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle. Place of Publication (City): Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Example of book with one author:

Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.

citations print sources1
Citations: Print Sources

Example of book with two authors:

Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon

Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print.

Example of book with three authors:

Gaston, John, Tom Jackson, and Sam S. Cates.

My Hero. 2nd ed. New York: Penguin, 2003. Print.

citations print sources2
Citations: Print Sources

Book with four or more authors

Bassis, Michael S., et al. Sociology: An Introduction. 4th ed. New York: McGraw, 1991. Print.

Book with an editor (no author)

Vecchione, Patrice, ed. Faith and Doubt: An Anthology of Poems. New York: Holt, 2007. Print.

citations print sources3
Citations: Print Sources


(magazines, journals, and newspapers)


Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Day Month Year: Pages. Medium of Publication.

Example of Article in a Magazine:

Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71. Print.

citations print sources4
Citations: Print Sources

Article in a newspaper

Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's

Uninsured Patients." Washington Post 24 May

2007: 26-32. Print.

Anonymous article (no author)

"Business: Global Warming's Boom Town; Tourism in

Greenland." The Economist 26 May 2007: 82.


citations electronic sources
Citations: Electronic Sources

Articles from Databases


Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume Number . Issue number (Year): Pages. Name of Database.Medium. Date of Access

Scholarly journal from database:

Massaro, John. “Press Box Propaganda? The Cold War and Sports Illustrated 1956.” Journal of America. 2.3. (1999): 1-10. ProQuest.Web. 3 May 2012.

citations electronic sources1
Citations: Electronic Sources

Newspaper article from database

Lieber, Ron. “In China, G.M. Stands as a Powerful Player.” New York Times 22 Apr. 2009, Late ed. 26. ProQuest Newspapers. Web. 3 May 2012.

Electronic book (eBook)

Sweet, William. Kicking the Carbon Habit: Global Warming and the Case for Renewable and Nuclear Energy. New York: Columbia UP, 2006. NetLibrary. Web. 14 Sept. 2007.

citations electronic sources2
Citations: Electronic Sources



Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Web Site. Editor. Site Publisher or n.p., Day Month Year or n.d.Web. Day Month Year of Access.


Jones, Kenny. "Computers and Technology." Technology Today . Tech Savvy Publishing, 24 April 2011. Web. 10 Feb 2012.

citations electronic source s
Citations: Electronic Sources

Website with an author but no publication date:

Mazer, Cary M. Bernard Shaw: A Brief Biography. U of Pennsylvania, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2007.

Website with a title but no author:

"Black Jazz Music." Jazz Today. Jazzy Medals Inc., 24 April 2011. Web. 10 Feb 2012.

citations media and interviews
Citations: Media and Interviews

Personal interview:

Persson, Katherine. Personal interview. 11 Aug. 2009.

Film or video recording:

(Note: Start with the information you want to emphasize - title, performer, director or author)

Patton. Dir. Franklin J. Schaffner. Perf. George C. Scott. 1970. 20th Century Fox, 2006. DVD.

download the mla template from microsoft office word
Download the MLA Template from Microsoft Office Word
  • Open Microsoft Office Word
  • Click File
  • Click New
  • Type MLA in the Search for Templates Textbox
  • Select the Research Paper in MLA Style Template
  • Then, Click Download
need extra help
Need Extra Help?

Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL):

Capital Community College:

Son of Citation Machine:

Easy Bib: