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The Peace Treaties. Aim: to revise the Paris Pace Conference. The Big Three. THE FOURTEEN POINTS. Wilson wanted a “fair” treaty that wouldn’t encourage Germany to seek revenge in the future. 1 No secret treaties. 2 Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime.

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the peace treaties

The Peace Treaties

Aim: to revise the Paris Pace Conference

the fourteen points
THE FOURTEEN POINTS

Wilson wanted a “fair” treaty that wouldn’t encourage Germany to seek revenge in the future

1 No secret treaties.

2 Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime.

3 Free trade between countries.

4 All countries to work towards disarmament.

5 Colonies to have a say in their own future.

6 German troops to leave Russia.

7 Independence for Belgium.

8 France to regain Alsace–Lorraine.

9 Frontier between Austria and Italy to be adjusted.

10 Self-determination for the peoples of eastern Europe (they should rule themselves).

11 Serbia to have access to the sea.

12 Self-determination for the people in the Turkish Empire.

13 Poland to become an independent state with access to the sea.

14 League of Nations to be set up.

six terms of the treaty of versailles memory word gargle
SIX TERMS OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES [memory word: GARGLE]
  • Guilt – clause 231: Germany accepted blame ‘for causing all the loss and damage’ of the war.
  • Army – army: 100,000/ no submarines/ no aeroplanes/ 6 battleships/ Rhineland de-militarised
  • Reparations – £6,600 million – in instalments, until 1984).
  • Germany lost land – Alsace-Lorraine to France/ Saar to France (15 years)/ West Prussia and Upper Silesia to Poland/ Danzig a ‘free city’/ German colonies became ‘mandates’ of the League of Nations.
  • League of Nations set up.
  • Extra points – forbade Anschluss/ Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania independent states.