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Poetry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Poetry. Definition of Poetry. A collection of words that express an emotion or idea. Hey, diddle, diddle, The cat and the fiddle, The cow jumped over the moon; The little dog laughed To see such sport, And the dish ran away with the spoon. Purpose of Poetry.

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definition of poetry
Definition of Poetry
  • A collection of words that express an emotion or idea.

Hey, diddle, diddle,

The cat and the fiddle,

The cow jumped over the moon;

The little dog laughed

To see such sport,

And the dish ran away with the spoon.

purpose of poetry
Purpose of Poetry
  • To express ideas, feelings and emotions.
types of poetry
Types of Poetry

A poem that tells a story.


types of poetry1
Types of Poetry

Free Verse:

Poetry that doesn’t follow any specific pattern in rhythm, rhyme scheme, or line length.

types of poetry2
Types of Poetry


A three-line Japanese poetic form in the lines follow the pattern of five syllables in the first line, seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line.

types of poetry3
Types of Poetry


a five-line poem that follows a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm. The first, second, and fifth lines contain eight syllables. Lines two and three contain six syllables. Limericks are usually funny or silly.

There was an Old Man with a beard,

Who said, ‘It is just as I feared!

Two Owls and a Hen,

Four Larks and a wren

Have all built their nests in my beard

types of poetry4
Types of Poetry

Narrative Poem:

A poem that tells the sequence of events of a story;

types of poetry5
Types of Poetry


A 14 line poem that follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm.

stanzas and verses
Stanzas and Verses

Poetry is divided by Stanzas and Verses.

I sing a sonnet for you, to immortalize my love, I sing a sonnet for you, such ethereality as further memories, such pureness as youth sights, such beauty as smile's meaning, I sing a sonnet for you, to tell my infinite love after years, may tomorrow be late, I sing a sonnet for you...

-Nasibeh Daneshvar


Rhyme is the matching of sounds that are similar.

Say, Pay, Tray, Spray, Day, May

Blue, True, zoo, do, too


When working with rhyme, you should always remember that the most important part of verse is the last word.

  • The last word of each verse is what establishes they rhyme.

Twinkle, twinkle little star!

How I wonder what you are

Up above the world so high.

Like a diamond in the sky.

Rhyme Scheme


Nature’s first green is gold,

Her hardest hue to hold.

Her early leaf’s a flower;

But only so an hour.

Then leaf subsides to leaf

So Eden sank to grief

So dawn goes down today.

Nothing gold can stay.

Was it Easy?


When I was one and twenty

I heard a wise man say.

‘Give crowns and pounds and guineas

But not your heart away;

Give pearls away and rubies

But keep your fancy free’

But I was one-and-twenty

No use to talk to me!

How many stanzas and verses does the poem have?


Language that creates mental pictures or images.

Sensory Images:

  • Visual- to the sense of sight.
  • Olfactory- to the sense of smell.
  • Gustatory- to the sense of taste
  • Tactil- to the sense of touch
  • Auditory- to the sense of hearing
imagery practice
Imagery Practice
  • She searched the touch of spring and felt among the leaves the dew of old devotions.
  • Did I hear them? Yes, I heard the children singing.
  • Thy beautiful eyes brighten and they blind the stars.
  • They were wrapped in a blanket, and felt really warm.
  • The cascade of perfume that was her hair came tumbling over his chest.
  • Ice cream cones, lemonade, and tasty hotdogs were the usual fare of summer.
  • Soon, with he noise of tambourines came her handmaids.
  • The sky is glowing with the splendor of God.
  • Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory.
  • It is sweet, the image of remembered childhood.
figurative language
Figurative Language



A comparison of one thing to another using like or as.

She looks like an angel.

Her lips are as sweet as honey.

figurative language1
Figurative Language



An indirect comparison of one thing to another in which one thing is given characteristics of another.

My love is a flower

He was a lion in battle.

figurative language2
Figurative Language

A whole poem that unfold one metaphor.

Extended Metaphor:


The fog comes

on little cat feet

It sits looking

over harbor and city

on silent haunches

and then moves on.

-Carl Sandburg

figurative language3
Figurative Language



Giving animate qualities to inanimate things.

The clock stares blindly from its tower.

figurative language4
Figurative Language



Repetition of consonant sounds usually at the beginning of words.

In the summer season, when soft was the song…

figurative language5
Figurative Language

Repetition: A word or phrase that repeats

Assonance: repetition of vowel sounds at beginning, middle, or end of words

Consonance: repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words

figurative language6
Figurative Language



An exaggeration

I have been waiting for a million years.

figurative language7
Figurative Language



The attempt to echo or imitate sounds with words.

Bow-wow, oink-oink, tic-tac, howling

exercise of figures of speech
Exercise of Figures of Speech

Identify the different figures of speech:

  • Because I did not stop for Death, she kindly stopped for me.
  • An old woman whose heart is like the Sun.
  • An old man is a ragged coat upon a stick.
  • And I will love thee still my dear, till a’ the seas gone dry.
  • Field, flocks and lonely firs.
  • Thunder boomed and rolled across the face of heaven.
  • He watches from his mountain walls, and like a thunderbolt he falls.
my luv is like a red red rose
My Luv is Like a Red, Red Rose

O, my luv’s like a red, red rose,

That’s newly sprung in June;

O my luv’s like the melodie

That’s sweetly played in tune.

As fair art thou, my bonnie lass,

So deep in love am I;

And I will love thee still, my dear,

Till a’ the seas gang dry.

Till a’ the seas gang dry, my dear,

And the rocks melt with the sun;

And I will love thee still, my dear,

While the sands o’ life shall run..

And fare thee well, my only luv,

And fare thee well awhile,

And I will come again, my luv,

Though it were ten thousand miles.

questions on the poem

These question were given on a worksheet so they can analyze the poem

Questions on the Poem
  • The first stanza is an example of the use of the simile. What other simile can you find?
  • The other three stanzas are excellent examples of hyperbole, or exaggeration. Can you identify them?
  • Why is love compared to a rose?What are the connotations of the rose? What is a rose associated with?
  • Why is love compared to a red rose? Why not to a yellow rose?
  • How do you know that the author loves the girl?
  • Was the this girl pretty? What words describe her?
  • What words are similar to present day English?
  • Why is the effect of repetition in this poem?
  • Are there any visual images in this poem?
  • Are there any auditory images in this poem?
  • Do you think the author will come back in the future?