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Poetry. Rhythm. Form: The Shape of a Poem. Closed-form- Lines of poetry contain specific number of syllables measured by heavy stress (prime) or light stress (breve) Units of light and heavy stresses = feet. Method of Marking Feet. Feet- Patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables

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poetry

Poetry

Rhythm

form the shape of a poem
Form: The Shape of a Poem
  • Closed-form-

Lines of poetry contain specific number of syllables measured by heavy stress (prime) or light stress (breve)

  • Units of light and heavy stresses = feet
method of marking feet
Method of Marking Feet
  • Feet- Patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables
  • The basic unit of meter is a foot.
  • Most common feet in English poetry:
    • Iamb  /
    • Trochee / 
    • Anapest  /
    • Dactyl / 
    • Spondee / /
form con t
Form Con’t
  • Analysis of poetic rhythm = prosody
    • Repetition of feet in a line of poetry
  • Monometer = one foot
  • Dimeter = two feet
  • Trimeter = three feet
  • Tetrameter = four feet
  • Pentameter = five feet

*Turn to page 796.

types of closed form poetry
Types of Closed-form Poetry
  • Blank verse = five unrhymed iambic lines

(iambic pentameter)

  • Couplet = two rhyming lines identical in length and meter
  • Tercet = three-line stanza, often all rhyming
  • Quatrain = four-line stanza, most common
types of closed form poetry con t
Types of Closed-Form Poetry Con’t
  • Sonnet = fourteen-line poem
    • Italian (Petrarchan) = one octave, one sestet, usually

abba,abba,cdc,cdc

    • English (Shakespearean) = three quatrains, one couplet, sometimes abab,cdcd,efef,gg
  • Villanelle = nineteen-line poem containing six tercets, rhymed aba, concluded by four lines – most difficult to write
  • *Turn to page 820.
open form poetry
Open-form Poetry
  • Does not rhyme, and does not have consistent meter
  • Also called free verse
  • Relies on content, assonance, alliteration, visual images
  • Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson were early open-form poets
a biography due 03 14 12
A Biography DUE 03/14/12
  • For your oral presentation, please prepare a brief (no more than 3 minutes) biography of your favorite author.
  • You must prepare a power point presentation OR a handout for the class.
  • You must have at least TWO sources for this presentation
    • Cited on the last slide or on the handout.
poetry paper assignment due 03 26 12
Poetry Paper Assignment DUE: 03/26/12
  • The paper must be 800-1000 words.
  • Choose FOUR poems from our book or any other resource.
  • Draw a picture (or clip pictures from a magazine) that represents the poem.
  • Analyze the poem.
    • What is the subject of the poem?
    • Scansion at least one stanza of the poem.
    • What type of rhyme scheme is used? Is it consistent?
    • Is there end rhyme? Internal rhyme?
    • What type of meter is used? Show a line from the poem marked in metered feet.
    • What other devices are being used? (alliteration, personification, monotony?) Give examples and explain.
    • What else do you want to say about the poem?