Prologue- Rise of Democratic Ideas. Standard 10.1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles In ancient Greek and Roman philosophy to the development of Western Political thought Standard 10.1.1 Analyze the similarities and differences in Judeo-
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Standard 10.1 Students relate the moral and ethical principles
In ancient Greek and Roman philosophy to the development of Western
Standard 10.1.1 Analyze the similarities and differences in Judeo-
Christian and Greco-Roman views of law, reason and faith, and duties
Of the individual
Standard 10.1.2 Trace the development of the Western political ideas
Of the rule of laws and illegitimacy of tyranny from Plato’s Republic
And Aristotle’s Politics
Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome
How did each of these Athenian leaders contribute to the development of democracy?
An ideal society consists of three main classes of people—producers (craftsmen, farmers, artisans, etc.), auxiliaries (warriors), and guardians (rulers); a society is just when relations between these three classes are right. Each group must perform its appropriate function, and only that function, and each must be in the right position of power in relation to the others. Rulers must rule, auxiliaries must uphold rulers’ convictions, and producers must limit themselves to exercising whatever skills nature granted them (farming, blacksmithing, painting, etc.)
5. Fear of tyranny!! Why!
A republic is a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to elect the leaders who make governmental decisions
Plebeians – common farmers, merchants. Were citizens and allowed to vote. However, could not hold many government positions.The Republic of Rome
All of these principles are seen in
The U.S. Constitution and
The Bill of Rights
From Kingdom to Republic
A Written Legal Code