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The Constitutional Convention & Bill of Rights. Why Revise the Articles of Confederation?. U.S. depression: Shay’ Rebellion: Annapolis Convention:. 1. Representation in Congress 2. Slavery 3. Federal v. State Power. 1. 2. 3.

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Presentation Transcript
why revise the articles of confederation
Why Revise the Articles of Confederation?
  • U.S. depression:
  • Shay’ Rebellion:
  • Annapolis Convention:
key conflicts of the constitutional convention
1. Representation

in Congress

2. Slavery

3. Federal v. State

Power

1.

2.

3.

Key conflicts of the Constitutional Convention
compromise 1 representation in congress
Virginia Plan (Madison)

Bicameral (2 houses)

Representation based on population

New Jersey Plan (Patterson)

Single House

1 vote per state

Compromise 1: Representation in Congress

2 Options

Great Compromise

  • Bicameral (2 houses)
    • Senate: Giving each state 2 senators with the vote in the Senate to be by individuals and not states
    • House of Reps: Apportioning representation according to population
compromise 2 how to count slaves
Problem:

Solution: 3/5th Compromise

Each slave counts as 3/5ths of a person

Compromise 2: How to Count Slaves
compromise 3 federal v state power
Federalism: power is divided between federal and state

Reserved Powers

Powers not mentioned in the Constitution are for the states.

e.g.: Education, Drinking age, speed limit

Compromise 3: Federal v. State Power
  • Delegated or Enumerated Powers
  • Powers that are mentioned in the Constitution belong to the federal government
  • e.g.: Foreign affairs, Regulation of trade, Currency
  • Shared Powers
  • Taxes, Courts
federalists vs anti federalists
Federalists

Federalist Papers:

Supporters:

Anti-Federalists

Supporters:

Federalists vs.Anti-Federalists
the constitution is adopted
The Constitution is Adopted
  • Ratification: June 21, 1788
  • Lacked support from:
  • Virginia Ratified:
  • Bill of Rights:
why do the federalists win
Why do the Federalists “win”?
  • Articles too Weak:
  • United:
  • Organization:
  • Key Support: