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JOINT TASK FORCE TRAINING PowerPoint Presentation
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JOINT TASK FORCE TRAINING

JOINT TASK FORCE TRAINING

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JOINT TASK FORCE TRAINING

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  1. JOINT TASK FORCE TRAINING Course of Action Comparison

  2. Purpose • Define course of action comparison and its role in the crisis action planning process • Discuss the associated task steps • Provide lessons learned from previous exercises and operations

  3. References • CJCSM 3500.05, JTF Headquarters Master Training Guide, 15 Apr 97 • Joint Pub 3-0, Doctrine for Joint Operations, 1 Feb 95 • JP 5-00.2, Joint Task Force Planning Guidance and Procedures, 13 Jan 99

  4. Deployment Data Base OPORD I Mission Analysis/ Restated Mission Execute Order III Analysis of Opposing Courses of Action IV Comparison of Own Courses of Action V Commander’s Decision Crisis Action Planning Process C R I S I S IV Course of Action Selection III Course of Action Development II Crisis Assessment V Execution Planning I Situation Development VI Execution Planning Order Alert Order Warning Order AND/OR II Course of Action Development Commander’s Estimate Process

  5. Why Compare COAs? To seek the COA that: Gives our commander the maximum flexibility Limits the enemy commander’s freedom of action Determine which COA has the highest probability of success within the constraints of operational factors

  6. COA Comparison • An Objective Process • Facilitated discussion led by the chief of plans (J3/J5) • Participants include each of the key staff principles • Four Step Process • Select governing factors, construct comparison method, compare and record, make recommendation

  7. Task Steps Determine the Governing Factors Construct the Comparison Method Do the Comparison and Record Data Recommend a COA to the Commander

  8. Governing Factors Those dominant factors that appear during analysis and wargaming that clearly favor the friendly or enemy forces JP 3-0, Pg. B-3

  9. Determine Governing Factors (Comparison Criteria) • Commander’s intent/guidance • Fixed values for joint ops such as: • Principles of war & MOOTW • Fundamentals of joint warfare • Elements of operational art • Critical factors identified during the analysis such as logistics support, political constraints, etc. • Often in the form of advantages and disadvantages

  10. Determine Governing Factors COA Comparison Prerequisites • Eliminate redundant governing factors before you start comparing • Determine weighting of the governing factors before you begin comparison • Identify all governing factors and define them before you start

  11. Task Steps Determine the Governing Factors Construct the Comparison Method Do the Comparison and Record Data Recommend a COA to the Commander

  12. Construct the Comparison Method • Descriptive Comparison • Positive - Neutral - Negative Comparison • Simple/Weighted Matrix Comparison Summarize key points Assist commander in making decisions

  13. COA ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Narrative or Bulletized Advantages Narrative or Bulletized Disadvantages COA 1 COA 2 “ “ “ “ COA 3 Descriptive Comparison

  14. 0 0 - + - 0 + - 0 0 + - 0 + 0 - 0 + + 0 - 0 + 0 2 0 -1 Positive - Neutral - Negative Comparison Governing Factors Criteria Remarks COA # 2 COA # 3 COA # 1 Foot Print Simplicity C2 Restraint Perseverance Security Combat Service Support Risk Totals

  15. 3 2 3 1 3 1 2 3 1 3 1 2 3 2 1 2 17 16 Simple Matrix Comparison Governing Factors Criteria Remarks COA # 3 COA # 2 COA # 1 Foot Print 2 Simplicity 2 C2 1 Restraint 1 Perseverance 2 Security 3 Combat Service Support 1 3 Risk Totals 15

  16. Matrix Comparison With Weighted Governing Factors Governing Factors Remarks COA # 2 COA # 3 WT. COA # 1 2 2 3 2 2 Foot Print 3 2 3 3 Simplicity 1 1 2 3 C2 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 3 3 Restraint 1 2 Perseverance 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 2 Security 2 4 6 3 2 3 2 1 Combat Service Supt 1 1 3 3 1 3 9 Risk 3 2 6 Totals 16 21 15 24 17 20

  17. Matrix ROE • The matrix is merely a tool • Organize thoughts • Synchronize execution • The process is more important than the product • The matrix is not a substitute for honest analysis and hard work

  18. Task Steps Determine the Governing Factors Construct the Comparison Method Do the Comparison and Record Data Recommend a COA to the Commander

  19. COA Comparison INPUT • Wargamed COAs • Agreed upon governing factors & comparison method OUTPUT • Information for paragraphs 4 and 5 of Commander’s Estimate • Comparison of friendly COAs • Recommended COA

  20. Task Steps Determine the Governing Factors Construct the Comparison Method Do the Comparison and Record Data Recommend a COA to the Commander

  21. Recommend a COA • J5/J3 reviews and records individual staff recommendations • Staff determines which COA to recommend • CJTF guidance on criteria weighting reviewed and incorporated • In the event of indecision • Staff determines if COA modification would permit decision • J5/J3 consults CoS for guidance or resolution

  22. Lessons Learned or...“Ways to Cook the Books” • Define the governing factors after you start comparing, bending definitions to support the intended COA • Add governing factors as you compare to ensure the intended COA wins • Have redundant governing factors that measure the same thing and support the intended COA • At the end, identify a governing factor that supports the throw-away COA so it does not look one-sided • Compare first and then weight the governing factor that supports the intended COA by as much as you need to win in a close one

  23. COA Comparison Summary • Facilitates the commander’s decision process • Harnesses the collective wisdom of the most experienced warfighters on the staff • Evaluates the key governing factors If the senior planner knows which COA will be chosen, before you begin comparing, you have not done your job in presenting options to the commander

  24. QUESTIONS? Determine the Governing Factors Construct the Comparison Method Do the Comparison and Record Data Recommend a COA to the Commander