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Discovery and Colonization Europe and the Americas Collide
What was Europe like just before the discovery of the “New World”? • 1000-1300 THE DARK AGES! Time period dominated by RELIGION • The Crusades • The Plague • 1300-1500 THE RENAISSANCE! Time period dominated by CHANGE • Religious change: The Protestant Reformation • Technology: Art, Literature, Navigation (Discovery!) • Nations Organize around strong Monarchies
What was going on in the Americas prior to Columbus? • The GREAT EMPIRES of Central and South America: Maya, Aztec, Inca Aztec
More than 500 unique cultures existed across North America, each suited to its regional geography and climate.
What effects did the discovery of the Americas have on BOTH sides? • The meeting of these two worlds was more of a collision… that turned into an alien invasion. • Although the Native cultures were sophisticated in many areas, they lacked the weapons technology to defend themselves. • European philosophy and religion made it easy for them to justify conquering and taking.
The “Columbian Exchange” • The Europeans got: Potatoes, CORN, SUGAR, TOBACCO, chili pepper, tomato, cocoa, GOLD, SILVER, SLAVE LABOR, LAND • The Americans got: SMALL POX, Bubonic Plague, Influenza, Leprosy, Cholera, STDs, Guns, Horses, goats, chickens, wheat, carrot, coffee, apple, CHRISTIANITY, SPANISH
What reasons did Spain used to justify seizing control of the lands it discovered and the civilizations that lived there? • The 3 G’s: • GOD • GOLD • GLORY