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U.S. Constitution. Week of 3/17. Section III. Treason Continued: Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court Congress declares punishment Worst- death. Or you could be sentenced to jail (at least 5 years) and a fine. Section III. Treason Examples:

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u s constitution

U.S. Constitution

Week of 3/17

section iii
Section III.
  • Treason Continued:
    • Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court
    • Congress declares punishment
      • Worst- death. Or you could be sentenced to jail (at least 5 years) and a fine.
section iii1
Section III.
  • Treason Examples:
    • Mary Surratt
      • John Wilkes Booth was staying at her house while the planned the assassination of Lincoln.
      • Put on trial and got the death penalty
    • Tokyo Rose- Iva Toguri
      • American citizen, lived in Cali, college student
      • Has an aunt in Japan who is sick and goes there to take care of her.
      • While she is there, WWII breaks out.
      • Japanese force her to work for them broadcasting (DJ)
        • Job was to depress/lower the spirits of American soldiers
        • Japanese didn’t know difference and she made them laugh
      • She got put on trial and sentenced to prison 10 years and $10,000 fine
      • She eventually moved to Chicago and Ford pardoned her
section iii2
Section III.
  • Treason continued
    • 3. Can you be tried during peacetime?
      • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
        • Charged with giving secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union
        • Convicted and got death penalty
article iv section i
  • Every state has to honor or recognize things like: records, public acts
    • birth certificates
    • diplomas
    • credit cards
    • marriage licenses
    • drivers licenses
section ii
Section II.
  • Rights of citizens are same for everyone everywhere.
  • Extradition:
    • If you commit a crime in IL and flee to Indiana, the IL police cannot go into Indiana, they must ASK the state, and the state might refuse.
    • Must respect each states/towns jurisdiction, but usually they will all work together
    • Definition: asking for a criminal to return for a trial
section iii3
Section III.
  • Congress would have to agree and both states would have to agree.
    • West Virginia and Virginia have separated
    • Rural Colorado would like to separate
    • Cali- a section that also wants to separate from San Fran and LA
section iv
Section IV.
  • Each state is guaranteed a republican form of government.
    • People will always be able to vote for who they want to represent them
article v
  • To amend means to change
    • Steps to amend:
      • 1. Has to be a 2/3rds vote in both houses of Congress
      • 2. 3/4ths approval of the 50 states (38 states must accept it)
        • NOT A 3/4ths VOTE in state gov’t
    • Suffrage means to vote. Congress can never have an amendment to change the equal number of senators in the senate
article vi
  • Federal Supremacy
    • National gov’t is the supreme law of the land. State law cannot come in conflict with federal law.
      • If Federal law says you can’t ban handguns. IL can’t then go and ban handguns
  • No religion tests are required if you are working for the government
article vii
  • Ratify: to approve
  • 9/13 original states ratified the constitution
  • Date of signing of this constitution: September 17th, 1787
  • 7 TOTAL articles in the constitution
bill of rights
Bill of Rights
  • 1791 is when they became a part of the constitution
  • I. Freedom of religion, speech, the press, to assemble, to petition
    • Religion Assemble Petition Press Speech (RAPPS)
    • Freedom OF religion NOT freedom FROM religion
    • Limits on free speech is that you cannot threat, cannot yell out fire, bad words/language, slander (speaking lies), libel (writing lies)
      • Can be sued even if you tell the truth- writing in an article that a man was gay when it had nothing to do with the rest of the article. It was just to hurt the man
      • Speech includes expression (wearing long hair)
    • Assemble: protests must be peaceful and have to have a permit
    • Petition: If you don’t like something, you can petition.
      • Timber Trails: Petitioned Western Springs not to build on the land
bill of rights continued
Bill of Rights Continued
  • II. The right to have a gun shall not be taken away from you
    • Winnetka and Oak Park banned guns, but then one man in Chicago took his case to the Supreme Court. They ruled it was unconstitutional to ban guns.
  • III. Quartering of Soldiers: putting soldiers up in your homes- you cannot be forced to do this
    • in war time: Congress would have to pass a bill to allow
  • IV. Right to privacy. Police need a warrant to search your home and it has to be signed by a judge