slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
March 24 2011 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
March 24 2011

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 23
turi

March 24 2011 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

126 Views
Download Presentation
March 24 2011
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. A Brief Review of Solar Energy: Technology and Applications Siavash Vojdani PhD Unity Integration Corporation www.Unityintegration.com Presentation at SFU Mechatronics Department March 24,2011 March 24 2011

  2. Available Solar energy on Earth At under 0.5%, the Solar technology is massively under penetrated in the existing electricity domain. CrediteSwisse Dec 13, 2007 March 24 2011

  3. Converting solar energy into electricity: A Brief Look at History Photoelectric Effect discovered by this guy in 1875 Modern silicon PV cell invented by these guys at Bell Labs in the 50’s March 24 2011

  4. How does it work? Cell MC48 ( 3.85 W ) Module Day4 48 185 W Panels : 100 KW = 540 Panel March 24 2011

  5. PV TECHNOLOGIES FOR POWER APPLICATIONS In the Lab : Disruptive Technologies Pilot & Emerging Thin Film (TF) and Concentrator Systems Commercialized C- Silicon Nano Scale solar cells: printable on different objects • Mono Crystalline • Poly Crystalline Cd-Te Technologies CIGS Technologies Organic/polymer solar cells Ga- As multi stack cells Concentrator PV Dye sensitized solar Cells • Since 1960’s on the market • 80-85 % of all Shipments • Efficiency 12 -22 % TF: Eff. 6-10 % Stability & uniformity ? CPV : Eff. (35-40%) Tracking issue & Heat Potential in cost reduction High Potential in Cost Reduction Need Further Dev. March 24 2011

  6. From Lab to Market • The goal of all new TF technologies is to increase the light absorption • and conversion efficiencies of the PV cell using compound • semiconductors with stacked multi band gap structures. • Low amount of material used in TF technologies coupled with continuous • high throughput production techniques has a potential of lowering • module costs substantially. • Uniform performance and high yield in large area TF modules is • a challenging technological problem. • Historically it has taken much longer time for new PV technologies to • move from lab to commercialization. TF companies are highly capitalized • and companies are promising reaching cost parity within the next 3 years. • Disruptive Technologies like fabricating solar cells on Nano scale, making • them printable on any object have huge consequences but they are still • quite a way before becoming commercialized. March 24 2011

  7. Photovoltaic Junctions formed on Silk-screened Cadmium – Sulphide layers Flash back 38 years ago Fig. 1B 9 CdS-printed cells I -6 X actual size “In summary, a photovoltaic junction can be made, based on a CdS layer which is applied to a substrate of almost any size by simple techniques such as silk-screening or spraying” . March 24 2011

  8. Same material, same technology 35 years time difference • Material Mono Silicon • Module Size : 1000 Sq Cm • Cell size : 5 x 5 cm • Max power : 9.5 W • Efficiency : 9.5 % • Measured on may 2. 2007 2008 Material : Poly Crystalline Silicon Module Size : 13000 Sq Cm Cell size : 15.6 x 15.6 Cm Max power : 180 Watts Efficiency : 14 % March 24 2011

  9. The first major terrestrial PV market was off – grid in developing countries March 24 2011

  10. Then came off-grid in the developed world March 24 2011

  11. Then sometimes in the 90’s, the developed world began to catch on, and the modern era of grid-tie PV was born BIPV Re s i de n t i a l Power plant March 24 2011

  12. GRID TIE COMPONENTS March 24 2011

  13. Examples of PV systems in buildings March 24 2011

  14. NET ZERO ENERGY CONCEPT Net Zero Energy Buildings are highly energy efficient buildings  that use renewable energy to produce at least as much energy as they consume over the course of a year. The strategy to achieving net zero energy is to begin with a highly-insulated, well-sealed building envelope. Highly energy efficient heating and cooling systems, lighting and appliances are then incorporated creating a net zero energy ready building with over 80% reduction in annual energy consumption compared to conventional buildings. March 24 2011

  15. New challenge in 21st Century No more snow More pest invading due to warmer temperatures More pollution More pollution Glaciers disappearing March 24 2011 Glaciers disappearing

  16. The Rise of the Phoenix Item Last Rise Current Rise Period 70s & 80s 2000 Poly Supply Semi Supply Chain Own Supply Chain Projects Pilot, off grid Commercial Grid Tie Technology C – Si C-Si / TF Project size 10s of KW Multiples of MW Module price $30 -15 /W $ 1.6-2.30/W Market Place Developing countries Industrial world Financing Government PPA/Gov Mandates None Utilities, Federal Manufacturing base Limited, Wide Spread Leading countries US/Japan/Eu China/Japan/Eu/US Production Capacity 100s of KW GW Oil price Over $10/Barrel Over $100 /Barrel Environment Awareness Serious Concern March 24 2011

  17. March 24 2011

  18. Europe leads the Market The Magic of Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) • For every kilowatt hour produced by a solar power system, the • energy company pays a cost-covering fee. The fee is fixed over a • long period and is reduced every year by a certain percentage for • the new comers. • : 0.64 – 0.79 $/KWh • 2008: 0.60 – 0.74 $/KWh • (Contract period : 20 Years) Europe leads the Market The Magic of Feed-in-Tariff (F) March 24 2011

  19. Ontario’s FIT and MicroFit program March 24 2011

  20. Thank you March 24 2011

  21. March 24 2011

  22. March 24 2011

  23. March 24 2011