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Relevance of Geospatial Technologies in monitoring Climate Change related disasters in Africa: Special focus on Floods in Dar Es Salaam; Tanzania. Shingirirai .S. Mutanga. Africa institute of south africa. Presentation Outline. Background. Climate Variability and Change a reality

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Relevance of Geospatial Technologies in monitoring Climate Change related disasters in Africa: Special focus on Floods in Dar Es Salaam; Tanzania

Shingirirai .S. Mutanga

Africa institute of south africa

background
Background
  • Climate Variability and Change a reality
  • Increasing Tends. Intensity and Frequency. (ICSU 2012)
  • Droughts & Floods: 1.5million affected.(WGA 2004)
terms concepts
Terms & Concepts
  • Climate, Variability, Change and Vulnerability a reality.
    • ST Deviation of Climate Variable from long term mean.
    • LT change in the earth's climate. (FAO 2007)
    • Vulnerability: Degree of susceptibility to extremes; Function of Magnitude.
  • Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
    • Adaptive Capacity: Ability to plan, prepare and implement measures.
    • Factors: (Adger 2006)
  • Question: How can we build resilience to disaster risks?
    • Geospatial technologies: Key!!!!!!!! Decision Support System for Disaster Management Support Services.
study focus
Study Focus
  • In the light of the increasing disasters and impacts of climate change, adaptation is not an option but a necessity!!.
  • The risk of floods remain un-explored and the scope of impending losses un-adequately assessed.
  • Many development plans and policy formations overlook the risk, the impending impact, and coping & mitigation strategies despite the growing concerns of climate change.
  • Objectives:
    • Assess the impacts of floods:
    • Identify the hot spots of population and economic assets.
    • Map Dar es Salaam’s Exposure and Vulnerability extent to floods.
    • Assess the present adaptive measures in place.
study focus1
STUDY FOCUS

Dec :2011

the city of dar es salaam
The City of Dar es Salaam
  • Located Greater Horn of EA
  • Recurrence of Floods.
    • Hot, with 2 rainy seasons (Oct-Dec & Mar-May)
    • Rainfall : 1000mm
    • Temp: 26 degrees Celsius

City: Eastern part of the Tanzanian mainland.

Area : 1,350 square kilometres.

Population : About 4 Million residents.

70% Informal Settlements.

8% Growth Rate

demography and economic characteristics
Demography and Economic Characteristics
  • Demography
    • Pop: 2.5mil
    • Pop Density : 1500pple/square km)
  • Economic
    • Growing GDP.
    • Port :
    • 45% Nation’s gross I manufacturing
    • 95% International Trade
rainfall
Rainfall

Rainfall for the period 1971-2009

Kebede: 2012

Year 2011: killed 11 people.

  • Recurrence of floods: 38 years recorded.
summary projected statistics
Summary Projected Statistics
  • 140 000 people located within low elevation zones.
  • Total 8% of people living in below mean sea level= .07%
  • 100 000 people be exposed by 2030. (Kebede et al 2011)
  • 225 ooo people exposed by 2070.
key challenges
Key Challenges

Lack of Capacity

Financial Constraints

Poor Planning

Mushroom of informal Settlements

Poor forecasting

Lack of public awareness.

Overreliance on donor funding

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Climate change is a reality and there is need to deal with its effects such as floods.
  • The development of a comprehensive flood hazard map would be one of the most crucial steps for implementing non-structural remedial measures.
  • Provision of case studies that map community vulnerability areas is key in building resilience to natural disasters such as floods.
  • This study through the use of geospatial technologies aid in draw out implications for adaptation and adaptive policy.
further analysis research
Further Analysis/Research
  • Exposed population and Assets.
  • Delineation of Settlements and industries prone to floods.
  • Economic Value of estimated exposed assets.
  • Dual combination of bursting streams and rising sea level impacts.
  • Gaps: Social dimensions, participatory approaches, lack of up to date information.