By: Emily Orlacchio Diabetes Information
Diabetes Type 1 and 2 • Although diabetes is a leading disease in America, there are both similarities and differences between the two types.
Diabetes • Definition: A disorder of a metabolism and lack of insulin production in the body that causes a disease with side effects and complications within the body
Physiology (Type 1) • It is unknown of what exactly makes Type 1 happen, but it can happen by means of… • Genetics/Hereditary • Immune System/General Health
Symptoms (Type 1) • Blurry Vision • Fatigue • Excessive thirst • Hunger • Weight loss/Weight gain • Frequent Urination • These symptoms in Type 1 diabetes generally occur rapidly.
Short-Term Effects (Type 1) • Hypoglycemia • Hyperglycemia • Low blood glucose levels • Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Emergency!) • Learning how to eat properly • Stress
Long-Term Effects (Type 1) • Microvascular Complications (eye, kidney, heart, nerve damage, etc.) • Foot damage • Heart and blood vessel disease • Loss of hearing/eyesight • Pregnancy complications • Osteoporosis • Dental damage • Obesity
Current Treatment Options (Type 1) • Exercise • Healthy Diet • Monitoring blood sugar • Taking insulin • May help: • Islet Cell Transplant • Stem Cell Transplant • Pancreas Transplant Sometimes these transplants help the patient, but at the same time there is always a risk that it could worsen the patient’s disease!
Current Treatments Options (Type 1- Continued) • Exercise • Healthy diet • Most effective treatment = insulin
Type 1 Prevention • There is no way to completely prevent Type 1 diabetes. It is often produced hereditarily and if the person has the Type 1 genetic trait they will eventually get it. But eating healthy and exercising can stave off when the trait appears, and a sudden illness can trigger the trait as well.
Physiology (Type 2) • Unhealthy diet • Lack of exercise • Genetic (But scientists have not found the gene.) • Obesity • Receptor Cite Failure
Symptoms (Type 2) • Headaches • Dry mouth • Excessive thirst • Fatigue • Hunger • Weight loss/Weight gain • Frequent Urination These symptoms are generally the same as Type 1, but they tend to happen more slowly. Sometimes people can even be asymptomatic!
Effects (Type 2) • Circulation Problems • Arthritic Deformations • Stroke • Heart attack • Hyper-Osmolar Syndrome • Hypoglycemia • Hyperglycemia • Loss of eyesight/hearing • Nausea • Infections • Nerve, heart, kidney, and eye damage • Foot problems
Current Treatment Options (Type 2) • Lifestyle Change • Healthy diet • Exercise • Medication (To improve receptor sites) • Insulin (On rare occasions!) • Weight loss Surgery • Islet cell and pancreas transplant • Kidney Replacement therapy
Prevention (Type 2) • Type 2 diabetes is usually self-induced and therefore can be reversed! By a healthy diet and exercise the insulin receptor sites can gradually be changed again.