Edward K. ‘Duke’ Ellington By Tyler Hosler
Duke Ellington • Born April 29th, 1899 in Washington D.C. • Died May 24th, 1974 in New York City of lung cancer and pneumonia. • He began playing piano at age 7 and made his first professional appearance at age 17. • Composer, bandleader, and pianist Duke was recognized in his lifetime as one of the greatest jazz composers and performers. • Edward’s friends noticed his elegance, manners and sharp appearance and nicknamed him “Duke.”
Career • Duke Ellington had an astonishing musical career with a discography reaching 100+ since 1927. • Black Beauty • Jig Walk • Swampy River • The Duke and His Men • Daybreak Express • Jubilee Stomp • Released with many major record companies. • RCA • Capitol • Columbia • Reprise • Prestige • CBS • Allegro
Career cont’d Films Bands and sessions Lead 11 bands and sessions Formed the Duke Ellington Orchestra in 1927 and under the management of Irving Mills the orchestra made about 200 recordings The Washingtonians Harlem Hot Chocolates The Jungle Band Joe Turner and His Memphis Men • Ellington also had an astounding presence in the film industry. • The Duke Ellington Orchestra is featured in a 1929 Hollywood short film, ‘Black and Tan’ and many more thereafter • His music is featured in over 130 films. • Hot Chocolate • Cabin in the Sky • Date with Duke
Career cont’d • Duke is best remembered for the over 3000 songs he composed during his life. • He was most creative out on the road. He wrote his most famous piece “Mood Indigo” while on the road. • His compositions set the bar for generations of brilliant jazz, pop, theatre and soundtrack composers to come. • Ellington – “My men and my race are the inspiration of my work. I try to catch the character and mood and feeling of my people.”
Accomplishments • President Lyndon Johnson presented Duke Ellington with the President’s award in 1966. • President Richard M Nixon presented Duke Ellington with the medal of Freedom in 1969. • Duke Ellington Received 13 Grammy awards.
Accomplishments cont’d • Duke Ellington received the Pulitzer prize. • Was awarded the French Legion of Honor in 1973. • Has a United States Commemorative stamp with his image on it issued in 1986.
Duke Ellington & His Orchestra -Take the “A” Train “You’ve got to find some way of saying it without saying it” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hRGFqSkNjHk
Duke Ellington – Mood Indigo Duke Ellington - “C” Jam Blues Duke referred to his music as “American Music” rather than Jazz. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gOlpcJhNyDI • Duke’s son, Mercer, played the trumpet in his fathers band from 1940-1941. • Considered the piece that brought him world wide fame. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GohBkHaHap8
References "Duke Ellington." The Red Hot Jazz Archive. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://http://www.redhotjazz.com/duke.html>. "Edward K. (Duke) Ellington." Schirmer. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.schirmer.com/>. "Ellington, Edward Kennedy “Duke” : San Francisco Classical Voice." San Francisco Classical Voice: Classical Music in the Bay Area. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.sfcv.org/>. "The Duke Ellington Home Page." The Official Website of Jazz Legend Duke Ellington. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.dukeellington.com/home.html>.