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JEOPARDY. Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Earthquake 1 100 points When an earthquake occurs, energy is released in the form of __________. seismic waves c . magnitude faults d. tsunamis. Earthquake 1 100 points ANSWER a. seismic waves. Earthquake 1 200 points

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jeopardy

JEOPARDY

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

slide3

Earthquake 1

  • 100 points
  • When an earthquake occurs, energy is released in the form of __________.
    • seismic waves c. magnitude
    • faults d. tsunamis
slide4

Earthquake 1

100 points

ANSWER

a. seismic waves

slide5

Earthquake 1

  • 200 points
  • What kind of waves causes particles in rocks to move back and forth (compressions) in the same direction?
    • surface waves c. secondary waves
    • primary waves d. tsunami waves
slide6

Earthquake 1

200 points

ANSWER

b. primary waves

slide7

Earthquakes 1

  • 300 points
  • An earthquake’s _______________ is the point on Earth’s surface directly above the earthquake focus.
    • elastic limit c. epicenter
    • focus d. primary wave
slide8

Earthquakes 1

  • 300 points
  • ANSWER
    • c. epicenter
slide9

Earthquakes 1

  • 400 points
  • The Richter scale measures the _________ of an earthquake.
    • magnitude c. liquefaction
    • intensity d. fault
slide10

Earthquakes 1

400 points

ANSWER

a. magnitude

slide11

Earthquakes 1

  • 500 points
  • Rocks are subject to the force of tension where Earth’s plates ____________.
    • slide past each other c. move apart
    • come together d. slide over another one
slide12

Earthquakes 1

  • 500 points
  • ANSWER
    • c. move apart
slide13

Earthquakes 2

  • 100 points
  • If a major earthquake occurred in a populated inland area far from the shore, which of these would be LEAST likely to result?
    • damage to buildings and structures
    • tsunamis
    • loss of human lives
    • landslides
slide14

Earthquakes 2

100 points

ANSWER

b. tsunamis

slide15

Earthquakes 2

  • 200 points
  • Buildings in areas where earthquakes happen frequently need to be seismically safe. Which of the following describes how a building in these areas should be built?
    • Buildings should be built so they will stand rigidly and not be able to sway
    • Buildings should have rubber moorings so they will sway instead of collapsing
    • Buildings should be built without reinforcing rods
    • Buildings should be built only on epicenters
slide16

Earthquakes 2

  • 200 points
  • ANSWER
    • b. Buildings should have rubber moorings so they will sway instead of collapsing
slide17

Earthquakes 2

300 points

Determine the type of fault depicted in each figure below as either a normal fault, reverse fault, or a strike-slip fault.

slide18

Earthquake 2

300 points

Answer

normal fault

slide19

Earthquake 2

  • 400 points
  • Determine the type of fault depicted in each figure below as either a normal fault, reverse fault, or a strike-slip fault.
slide20

Earthquake 2

400 points

ANSWER

reverse fault

slide21

Earthquake 2

  • 500 points
  • At a ___________________ fault, the rocks above the fault surface are pushed together and forced up and over the rocks below the fault surface.
  • liquid c. normal
  • strike-slip d. reverse
slide22

Earthquakes 2

500 points

ANSWER

d. reverse

slide23

Volcanoes 1

100 points

Which of these best describes a shield volcano?

a. a small crack or fissures eruption volcanic material

b. a volcano with steep, rough, jagged edges

c. a very wide volcano with gently sloping sides

d. a volcano with steep, smooth composed of tephra sides

slide24

Volcanoes 1

  • 100 points
  • ANSWER
  • C. a very wide volcano with gently sloping sides
slide25

Volcano 1

200 points

Which statement about lava flow is accurate?

a. They always move rapidly

b. They destroy everything in their paths

c. They always cool down and change into magma

d. They are not very damaging to the environment

slide26

Volcano 1

  • 200 points
  • ANSWER
  • b. They destroy everything in their paths
slide27

Volcano 1

300 points

Which of the following best describes a composite volcanoe?

a. a small crack or fissures eruption volcanic material

b. a volcano with steep, rough, jagged edges

c. a very wide volcano with gently sloping sides

d. a volcano with steep, smooth composed of tephra sides

slide28

Volcano 1

  • 300 points
  • ANSWER
  • b. a volcano with steep, rough, jagged edges
slide29

Volcano 1

  • 400 points
  • Why is Hawaii made of volcanoes?
  • a. plates are moving apart
  • b. a hot spot exists
  • c. plates are moving together
  • d. rift zones exist
slide30

Volcano 1

400 points

ANSWER

b. a hot spot exists

slide31

Volcano 1

500 points

The most likely cause of the slow movement of magma toward Earth’s surface is that the ___________.

a. magma is more dense than the rock around it

b. magma is less dense than the rock around it

c. magma is hotter than the rock around it

d. magma is cooler than the rock around it

slide32

Volcano 1

  • 500 points
  • ANSWER
  • b. magma is less dense than the rock around it
slide33

Volcano 2

  • 100 points
  • What kind of magma produces violent volcanic eruptions?
  • a. those rich in silica
  • b. those low in silica
  • c. those forming shield volcanoes
  • d. those rich in iron
slide34

Volcano 2

100 points

ANSWER

a. those rich in silica

slide35

Volcano 2

200 points

Magma that has pushed up through layers of rocks (Perpendicularly at a 90* angle) and hardened is called____________.

a. sillc. dike

b. caldera d. vent

slide36

Volcano 2

  • 200 points
  • ANSWER
  • c. dike
slide37

Volcano 2

300 points

What is the largest intrusive igneous rock body?

a. dike c. sill

b. volcanic neck d. batholith

slide38

Volcano 2

  • 300 points
  • ANSWER
  • d. batholith
slide39

Volcano 2

400 points

Which of the following is made of alternating layers of ash and cooled lava flows?

a. shield volcano c. composite volcano

b. plateau basalts d. cinder cone volcano

slide40

Volcano 2

  • 400 points
  • ANSWER
  • c. composite volcano
slide41

Volcano 2

500 points

Which of the following forms when the top of a volcano collapses into a partially emptied magma chamber?

a. fissure c. caldera

b. crater d. volcanic neck

slide42

Volcano 2

  • 500 points
  • c. caldera