JEOPARDY

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# JEOPARDY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

JEOPARDY. Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Earthquake 1 100 points When an earthquake occurs, energy is released in the form of __________. seismic waves c . magnitude faults d. tsunamis. Earthquake 1 100 points ANSWER a. seismic waves. Earthquake 1 200 points

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### JEOPARDY

Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Earthquake 1

• 100 points
• When an earthquake occurs, energy is released in the form of __________.
• seismic waves c. magnitude
• faults d. tsunamis

Earthquake 1

100 points

a. seismic waves

Earthquake 1

• 200 points
• What kind of waves causes particles in rocks to move back and forth (compressions) in the same direction?
• surface waves c. secondary waves
• primary waves d. tsunami waves

Earthquake 1

200 points

b. primary waves

Earthquakes 1

• 300 points
• An earthquake’s _______________ is the point on Earth’s surface directly above the earthquake focus.
• elastic limit c. epicenter
• focus d. primary wave

Earthquakes 1

• 300 points
• c. epicenter

Earthquakes 1

• 400 points
• The Richter scale measures the _________ of an earthquake.
• magnitude c. liquefaction
• intensity d. fault

Earthquakes 1

400 points

a. magnitude

Earthquakes 1

• 500 points
• Rocks are subject to the force of tension where Earth’s plates ____________.
• slide past each other c. move apart
• come together d. slide over another one

Earthquakes 1

• 500 points
• c. move apart

Earthquakes 2

• 100 points
• If a major earthquake occurred in a populated inland area far from the shore, which of these would be LEAST likely to result?
• damage to buildings and structures
• tsunamis
• loss of human lives
• landslides

Earthquakes 2

100 points

b. tsunamis

Earthquakes 2

• 200 points
• Buildings in areas where earthquakes happen frequently need to be seismically safe. Which of the following describes how a building in these areas should be built?
• Buildings should be built so they will stand rigidly and not be able to sway
• Buildings should have rubber moorings so they will sway instead of collapsing
• Buildings should be built without reinforcing rods
• Buildings should be built only on epicenters

Earthquakes 2

• 200 points
• b. Buildings should have rubber moorings so they will sway instead of collapsing

Earthquakes 2

300 points

Determine the type of fault depicted in each figure below as either a normal fault, reverse fault, or a strike-slip fault.

Earthquake 2

300 points

normal fault

Earthquake 2

• 400 points
• Determine the type of fault depicted in each figure below as either a normal fault, reverse fault, or a strike-slip fault.

Earthquake 2

400 points

reverse fault

Earthquake 2

• 500 points
• At a ___________________ fault, the rocks above the fault surface are pushed together and forced up and over the rocks below the fault surface.
• liquid c. normal
• strike-slip d. reverse

Earthquakes 2

500 points

d. reverse

Volcanoes 1

100 points

Which of these best describes a shield volcano?

a. a small crack or fissures eruption volcanic material

b. a volcano with steep, rough, jagged edges

c. a very wide volcano with gently sloping sides

d. a volcano with steep, smooth composed of tephra sides

Volcanoes 1

• 100 points
• C. a very wide volcano with gently sloping sides

Volcano 1

200 points

Which statement about lava flow is accurate?

a. They always move rapidly

b. They destroy everything in their paths

c. They always cool down and change into magma

d. They are not very damaging to the environment

Volcano 1

• 200 points
• b. They destroy everything in their paths

Volcano 1

300 points

Which of the following best describes a composite volcanoe?

a. a small crack or fissures eruption volcanic material

b. a volcano with steep, rough, jagged edges

c. a very wide volcano with gently sloping sides

d. a volcano with steep, smooth composed of tephra sides

Volcano 1

• 300 points
• b. a volcano with steep, rough, jagged edges

Volcano 1

• 400 points
• Why is Hawaii made of volcanoes?
• a. plates are moving apart
• b. a hot spot exists
• c. plates are moving together
• d. rift zones exist

Volcano 1

400 points

b. a hot spot exists

Volcano 1

500 points

The most likely cause of the slow movement of magma toward Earth’s surface is that the ___________.

a. magma is more dense than the rock around it

b. magma is less dense than the rock around it

c. magma is hotter than the rock around it

d. magma is cooler than the rock around it

Volcano 1

• 500 points
• b. magma is less dense than the rock around it

Volcano 2

• 100 points
• What kind of magma produces violent volcanic eruptions?
• a. those rich in silica
• b. those low in silica
• c. those forming shield volcanoes
• d. those rich in iron

Volcano 2

100 points

a. those rich in silica

Volcano 2

200 points

Magma that has pushed up through layers of rocks (Perpendicularly at a 90* angle) and hardened is called____________.

a. sillc. dike

b. caldera d. vent

Volcano 2

• 200 points
• c. dike

Volcano 2

300 points

What is the largest intrusive igneous rock body?

a. dike c. sill

b. volcanic neck d. batholith

Volcano 2

• 300 points
• d. batholith

Volcano 2

400 points

Which of the following is made of alternating layers of ash and cooled lava flows?

a. shield volcano c. composite volcano

b. plateau basalts d. cinder cone volcano

Volcano 2

• 400 points
• c. composite volcano

Volcano 2

500 points

Which of the following forms when the top of a volcano collapses into a partially emptied magma chamber?

a. fissure c. caldera

b. crater d. volcanic neck

Volcano 2

• 500 points
• c. caldera