“A history in which every particular incident may be true may on the whole be false.” Thomas Babington Macaulay, British Historian, 1800-1859. Great Man Theory. “The history of the world is but the biography of great men.” Thomas Carlyle, British Historian, 1795-1881. Deep Historical Currents.
“Although in that year, 1812, Napoleon believed more than ever that to shed or not to shed the blood of his peoples depended entirely on his will (as Alexander said in his last letter to him), yet then, and more than at any time, he was in bondage to those laws which forced him, while to himself he seemed to be acting freely, to do what was bound to be his share in the common edifice of humanity, in history.”
Leo Tolstoy, Russian Writer, 1828-1910
What if Hitler had remained blind due to his wounds in World War I?
How would Japanese history be different if the Mongols had sailed for Japan three days later?
How would American history be different if Lincoln had been too sick to attend the Ford Theatre?
Howard Zinn, American Historian, 1922-2010