Author: Marfe Ferguson Delano Genre: Biography Big Question: How do inventions happen?
Review Games • Story Sort VocabularyWords: • Arcade Games • Study Stack • Spelling City: Vocabulary • Spelling City: Spelling Words
Big Question: How do inventions happen?MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday
Vocabulary Words More Words to Know Vocabulary Words • converts • devise • efficiency • generated • proclaimed • reproduce • transmitted • dictation • exclusive • persistence • contemplated • invaluable • model
Today we will learn about: • Build Concepts • Author’s Purpose • Monitor and Fix-Up • Build Background • Vocabulary • Fluency: Punctuation Clues • Grammar: Using Who and Whom • Spelling: Word Endings: -ty, -ity, -tion • Inventions
Fluency: Punctuation Clues • Listen as I read “Inventing the Stethoscope.” • As I read, notice how I use punctuation as clues for when to chunk groups of words together and when to pause. • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
Fluency: Punctuation Clues • What is the author’s purpose in writing this article? • Do you think the author met his purpose? Why or why not?
Concept Vocabulary • contemplated– thought about for a long time • invaluable– having great value • model– a small copy • (Next Slide)
Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)
Prior KnowledgeChoose the invention you consider most important and think about the invention’s social effects. How did it change people’s lives? Cause Effect
Prior Knowledge • This week’s audio explores the patent industry. After we listen, we will discuss what you learned.
Vocabulary Words • converts– changes • devise– invent • efficiency– ability to produce the effect wanted without waste of time or energy • generated – produced • percentage – allowance figured by percent
Vocabulary Words • proclaimed– declared publicly • reproduce– to make a copy of • transmitted– sent out signals by means of electromagnetic waves or by wire
More Words to Know • dictation– words said or read aloud to another person who writes them down or to a machine that records them • exclusive– not divided or shared with others; single; sole • persistence – act of refusing to stop, change, or give up • (NextSlide)
thomasedison needed electricety in their lab • Thomas Edison needed electricity in his lab. • thomasedison were the man whom invented the electric pen • Thomas Edison was the man who invented the electric pen.
Using Who and Whom • He often gave assistants who worked closely with him on an invention a percentage of the profits it made. • The underlined pronoun who acts as the subject of a dependent clause(who worked closely with him…) in this complex sentence.
Using Who and Whom • The pronoun who is used as a subject. • Who called my brother? (Who is the subject of the sentence.) • My brother asked me who had called him.(Who is the subject of the clausewho had called him.)
Using Who and Whom • The pronoun whom is used as the object of a preposition, such as to, for, and from, and as a direct object. Most often, whom will be a direct object in questions.
Using Who and Whom • To whom did you give the assignment? (Whom is the object of the prepositionto. • This was an assistant whom he trusted. (Whom is the direct object of the verb trusted in the clause whom he trusted.)
Using Who and Whom • Whom did you tell? (Whom is a direct object.) • You can check if whom should be used as a direct object. Change the word order so that the subject comes first.(Whom did you tell? You did tell whom?)
Using Who and WhomWhich pronoun correctly completes each sentence? • (Who, Whom) was investing in Edison Electric Light Company? • Who • With (who, whom) did Edison work when he had an idea for an invention? • whom
Using Who and WhomWhich pronoun correctly completes each sentence? • (Who, Whom) gave us the most valuable inventions? • Who • The committee decided on (who, whom) they would award the Nobel Prize. • whom
Using Who and WhomWhich pronoun correctly completes each sentence? • With (who, whom) did J.P. Morgan invest money? • whom • The helper (who, whom) worked the hardest became the top assistant. • who
Using Who and WhomChoose who or whom to complete each sentence correctly. • To ____ was Edison speaking when he recorded the nursery rhyme? • whom • ____ ran the show at the lab in Menlo Park? • Who
Using Who and WhomChoose who or whom to complete each sentence correctly. • He was the man _____took Thomas Edison’s job at the telegraph company after he left. • who • The boss is the one to ____ the records were sent. • whom
Today we will learn about: • Word Structure • Author’s Purpose • Monitor and Fix Up • Vocabulary • Fluency: Echo Reading • Grammar: Using Who and Whom • Spelling: Word Endings: -ty, -ity, -tion • Science: Scientific Inquiry • Inventions
Inventing the Future: a Photobiography of Thomas Alva EdisonTurn to Page 504 - 513.
Fluency: Echo Reading • Turn to page 511. • As I read, notice how I pause and chunk together the words set apart by commas or dashes. • We will practice as a class doing three echo readings of these paragraphs.
edison was a celebraty whom patented 75 inventions in two years • Edison was a celebrity who patented 75 inventions in two years. • as the “chief mucker,” edison deserved reconitionfor his work • As the “Chief Mucker,” Edison deserved recognition for his work.
Using Who and Whom • Use who as a subject. • Use whom as the object of a preposition, such as to, for, or from. • Use whom as a direct object in formal writing. Most often, whom will be a direct object in questions.
Using Who and Whom • When a clause makes the choice of who and whom difficult, think about the sentence without the clause. • Example: Edison is the man (who, whom) many Americans believe was the greatest inventor of the century.
Using Who and Whom • Think: Edison is the man (who, whom) many Americans believe was the greatest inventor of the century. • Correct: Edison is the man who many Americans believe was the greatest inventor of the century.