Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath
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Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath. Knowledge Sharing on tsunami 9-10 May, 2005 Reiko Tsushima, Gender Specialist, SRO Delhi. Why it is important to adopt a gender perspective. What were some sex specific effects of tsunami? What could be done in response?

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Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath

Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath

Knowledge Sharing on tsunami

9-10 May, 2005

Reiko Tsushima, Gender Specialist, SRO Delhi


Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath


Gender lens why is it important
Gender lens : why is it important

  • Human toll results in demographic changes: information available point that 60-80 % deaths were female. Different gender needs of survivors emerging

  • Crisis magnifies existing inequalities:

    • Need to avoid reinforcing existing inequality in access to safety and health, to jobs, credit, land ownership, information, decision making,

  • Enables us to look at impact on both productive and care work and their implications (risk of CL, early marriage etc).

  • To arrive at the real situation of men and women’s work, beyond assumptions

  • Women’s contributions to the local economy and community well being are often overlooked in policies for reconstruction


Issues specific to women and girls
Issues specific to women and girls

  • Although legislation allows equal land ownership, traditional bias / practices may still exclude women

  • Lack of voice in decision making, which affects level of benefits they see

  • Women were engaged in productive activity as much as men, in the same sectors…but their jobs were lower paid

  • More households will start to rely on woman's earnings - needs for livelihood counseling and skills to secure better jobs

  • Increase in care work, especially as they may now be called to assist single parent/ male relatives

  • Sexual violence and physical abuse

  • Early marriage

  • Indebtedness, trafficking, child labour

  • Women’s SHGs weakened


Issues specific to men and boys
Issues specific to men and boys

  • Easily overlooked in psycho social counseling

  • Depression, alcoholism and abuse

  • Need to start coping with non-traditional role of “care giver” for the household

  • Limited skills to find new jobs

  • Indebtedness

  • Trafficking, bonded and child labour

  • Recruitment into armed forces


Targeted action
Targeted action

  • Livelihood counseling, skills training and job matching (mainly for women but attention needs to be paid to the casual labourer, those to be relocated)

  • Need to move from a “welfare” approach to one that sees women as economic agents

  • Focus on non traditional skills training

  • Supporting institutionalization of care work

  • Involve men actively in counseling, as well as coping with new reality

  • INFORMATION on their entitlements, job opportunities, gov. policies


Mainstreaming
Mainstreaming

  • Needs assessments that collect information disaggregated by sex and analyzes gender differences

  • Include performance indicators that can track whether benefits reached men and women equitably

  • Periodic evaluations that include gender equity as assessment criteria


In summary how will this lead to crisis resistance
In summary… how will this lead to crisis resistance?

  • By empowering women, they will be better equipped to claim benefits in post crisis situations, also be better able protect themselves from sexual violence

  • Working with men to develop positive masculinity values that shun gender based violence will lead to women’s empowerment

  • Increase in women’s income benefits entire household and helps to build the family’s asset base

  • Economic independence of women makes them less vulnerable at widowhood