Campaigns and Political Participation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

march 16 2011 n.
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Campaigns and Political Participation

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  1. March 16, 2011 Campaigns and Political Participation

  2. Announcements • Remember that essays are due this Thursday, March 17 at 4pm • All module information is available at www.jkarp.com/s2010 NOT webct!

  3. Voter Turnout • Turnout in comparative perspective. What is low? • How (and why) does voter turnout change over time? • The role of age and education • Does low voter turnout matter?

  4. Voting is the most common form of political participation • Many people also talk about politics and try to persuade others to vote • Very few participate in any other specific way.

  5. Why do people vote? • Voting is the most common form of political participation. • Voting is a “collective good” which means that citizens can enjoy the benefits (ie. policies derived from electoral outcomes) without paying the costs. • Rational citizens may then choose not to vote. • Why then do people vote?

  6. Trends in Voter Turnout

  7. Trends in Voter Turnout in the UK

  8. Trends in Voter Turnout in the US VAP=Voting age population (includes everyone over 18, non citizens, felons, etc; VEP=Voting eligible population

  9. Theories of Voter Turnout • pB + D > C • B=collective benefits of voting (ie. Having desired candidate win) • P=Probability of deriving that benefit • D=Civic duty (or any other selective benefit) • C=Cost of voting

  10. Convenience and Cost

  11. Impact of Compulsory Voting on Turnout in Australia

  12. Impact of the (abolition) of Compulsory Voting on Turnout in the Netherlands

  13. Lack of Salience (Cost)

  14. Lack of Salience (Cost)

  15. Party Mobilisation in Comparative Perspective (Reduced Cost/Increase Benefit)

  16. Party Mobilisation and Electoral Competition

  17. Declining Benefits Source: Dalton (2004)

  18. Are the media to blame? Source: Putnam (2000)

  19. Changes in Attitudes During a Campaign

  20. Political Participation in Comparative Perspective Source: Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES), Module 2, 2004

  21. Summary • Can pB + D > C explain political engagement?