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  1. American Literature The Moderns 1900-1950

  2. What was one event that changed the American voice in fiction? • World War I

  3. Read FDR’s quote on p. 524. Why is fear something to be feared? • Think about FDR’s statement. Be prepared to complete a Do Now regarding that statement.

  4. What movement affected American writers post WWI? • The Modernist Movement

  5. What 3 central ideas comprise the “American dream”? • 1. unlimited promise of an American Eden • 2. optimism in the continued growth of America • 3. triumph of the individual

  6. During the depression, towns made tents were called _______________. • “Hoovervilles” named after Pres. Herbert Hoover

  7. FDR promised to help whom? • “the forgotten man” • WPA – Works Progress Administration – • Allocated $300 million and gave work to people in the fields of writing, theater, music, and the visual arts.

  8. Who was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic? • Amelia Earhart

  9. 3 famous structures built during the 1930s • Hoover Dam • Golden Gate Bridge • Empire State Building

  10. What was the most popular form of entertainment in the 1930 • Radio broadcasts • Ex. The Shadow, War of the Worlds

  11. Name 2 new intellectual trends during this time • Marxism • psychoanalysis

  12. In what country did the ideas of Marxism create a revolution and topple the government? • Russia – the Bolsheviks led by Lenin

  13. Who was the founder of psychoanalysis? • Sigmund Freud – challenged Judeo-Christian idea of “free will”

  14. What narrative technique was a result of this new interest in the psyche? • Stream of consciousness • Ex. Writers: James Joyce, William Faulkner

  15. What amendment was added to construction in 1919? • prohibition

  16. Who gave the time period the name, Jazz Age? • F. Scott Fitzgerald

  17. What was a major theme of the period? • disillusionment

  18. Name the group of writers who left America for Europe, in particular Paris. • Ex-patriates or “ex-pats”

  19. Who was the most influential post WWI writer? • Ernest Hemingway

  20. The most important trait of a Hemingway hero was ________. • Disillusioment • However—he was a man of action, a warrior, and tough competitor; he has a code of honor, courage, and endurance. • Commonly works “grace under pressure”

  21. 2 modernist painters • Henri Matisse • Pablo Picasso

  22. Name 5 traits of Modernism in American lit. • Emphasis on bold experimentation in style and form, reflecting the fragmentation of society • Rejection of traditional themes and subjects • Sense of disillusionment and loss of faith in the American dream • Rejection of the ideal of a hero as infallible in favor of a hero who is flawed and disillusioned but shows “grace under pressure” • Interest in the inner workings of the human mind

  23. 2 symbolist writers • Ezra Pound • T. S. Eliot

  24. Who was the greatest poetic voice in New England during this time? • Robert Frost

  25. What is the Harlem Renaissance? • Know 3-4 writers • Know location • Know what is did to elevate African-American culture