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Austria PowerPoint Presentation

Austria

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Austria

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  1. Austria CPT Scott J. Stokoe February 2004

  2. Agenda • Background • Austria • Federal government • Peer Nations • Topography • Natural Resources • Demographics • Population Pyramid • Economy • Health • Military • Military Planner Implications

  3. Background • 1918 • Republic of Austria created • 1938 • Fell under German control • 1945 • Liberated by the Allies • 1955 • Officially became free and independent http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html

  4. Austria http://www.vdiest.nl/Europa/austria.htm

  5. Federal Government • Federal Republic • 9 states • President • Thomas Klestil • Political parties • Austrian People’s party, Social Democratic Party, Freedom Movement, Green Party • Elections every 6 years • (2004) http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html

  6. Peer Nations http://www.countrywatch.com/cw_country.asp?vcountry=10

  7. Topography http://www.vdiest.nl/images/Europa/Austria/cardate.gif

  8. Natural Resources / Land • Primary • Iron ore, oil, timber, magnesite, lead coal, lignite, copper, hydropower • Arable land: 17% • Agriculture: 80% domestic food requirements • Natural hazards: Landslides, avalanches, earthquakes http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html

  9. Overview 1 http://www.undp.org/hdr2003/indicator/cty_f_AUT.html, 2003 2 http://www.nationmaster.com/country/au, 2003 3 http://cf.heritage.org/index2004test/country2.cfm?id=Austria, 2004 4 http://www.armeniaforeignministry.com/htms/id/cpi2003.pressrelease.en.pdf, 2003 5 http://www.photius.com/rankings/index.html, 2003 6 http://www.who.int/country/aut/en/, 2003

  10. Demographics for 2003 • Population: 8,032,926 • German, Croatian, Slovenian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovakian, Roma • Religion • Roman Catholic: 78% • Muslim/Other: 17% • Protestant: 5% • Immigration rate: 2/1000 • Kosovo, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Macedonia, Yugoslavia http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html

  11. Population Pyramid 2000 2050 2025 Fertility Rate: 1.41 http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/ipc/idbpyrs.pl?cty=AU&out=s&ymax=250

  12. Economy • GDP: $228.7 billion • GDP real growth rate: 1.10% • Real GDP/capita: $27,900 • Inflation: 1.8% • Unemployment: 4.8% • Debt: $12.1 billion • $1,481 per capita http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html, 2003

  13. Health Status http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html, 2003

  14. Health Status • Health status restricts daily activities for 5%1 • Measles vaccination in 20011: 90% • TB rate in 2000: 15/100,000 • Morbidity / Mortality • Cancer and Cardiac1: 76.1% of all deaths in 2001 • Cancer1: 139.2 / 100,000 • Circulatory disease2: 255.7 / 100,000 1http://www.who.int/country/aut/en/, 2003 2 http://www.nationmaster.com/country/au, 2003

  15. Health System • National health care program • Insurance sources • State social funds (gross income) • Employer • Special programs (farmers, craftsmen) • Private • Population insured: 99% http://www.who.int/country/aut/en/, 2001

  16. Health System • 310 hospitals • Bed/patient ratio: 8.8/100 • 2001: 35,812 practicing doctors • 31% GPs, 42% specialists, 10% dentists, 15% trainees • Doctor/bed ratio: 1/4 beds • Nurse/bed ratio: 1/1 beds http://www.statistik.at/englisch/results/population/health_txt1.shtml, 2004

  17. Health System Costs for 2002 • % of GDP health expenditures: 7.7% • Health expenditures: $21 billion • Up 5.5% from year prior • Primary spending: Public health • Outpatient services, medical equipment, preventive health, R&D http://www.statistik.at/englisch/results/population/health_txt1.shtml

  18. Technology to Promote HC • According to Harris Poll for GPs* • 82% use computer in their practice • 64% use internet or connect to GP network • 55% use electronic medical records • 18% had their own website • 2% use PDA in the practice of medicine * Interview survey, sampling 3,504 GPs the fifteen countries of the European Union http://www.harrisinteractive.com/news/newsletters/healthnews/HI_HealthCareNews2002Vol2_Iss16.pdf, 2002

  19. Health Care Reform • Areas of focus: hospital structures, financing, IDS, nursing, social services, health promotion/prevention • Long term care policy • Reorganize long term health program • Pharmaceutical Policy • Reduce average cost of drugs • Reduce hospital beds • Recoup 3 billion euros http://www.healthpolicymonitor.org, 2003

  20. Military • Strength1: 38,000 men • Armored fighting vehicles: 800 • Combat Aircraft: 120 • Member Partnership for Peace2 • Spending per GDP3: 0.8% or $1.5 billion 1 http://www.strategypage.com/fyeo/howtomakewar/databases/armies/e, 2003 2http://www.countrywatch.com/cw_country.asp?vcountry=10, 2004 3 http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/au.html, 2003

  21. Military Planner Implications • Aging population (16% over 65 yrs) • Economic/Health position will attract immigration • Population expected to decline • Location in Europe • Security/Terrorist threat: Low

  22. Questions