Nathalie - Najat - Aurélie - Mathieu - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nathalie - Najat - Aurélie - Mathieu

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  1. Resources and waste Nathalie - Najat - Aurélie - Mathieu

  2. Brainstorming around the word « WASTE »

  3. 3 factors of production LAND LABOUR CAPITAL

  4. Process of production Resources Company Products Wastes

  5. The different materials = resources • SILK • caterpillars make fibres • make yarns • yarns are woven


  6. LYCRA • synthetic fibres • always combined with other materials • SUGAR • come from cane or beet • a sweetener to products • as by-products

  7. PINE • natural wool • ex : tables, chair, children’s toys … • MDF • = Medium Density Fireboard • produced by waste of wood • mixed with water, wax and resin

  8. METALS • natural materials found in roks : • iron, copper, tin • - join 2 metals  get the advantages of the originals metals • possible to change a metal

  9. WASTES = which is no longer useful 1996 : Special Waste Regulations  classifies differents types of waste

  10. Inert= materials which won’t cause environmental pollution • Biodegradable • = materials which rot away by the action of • living micro-organism • Hazardous • = materials which can damage health

  11. Exercise 1

  12. METHODS of dealing with waste WASTE MINIMISATION= avoid producing waste • RE-USE= re-use materials which would otherwise disposed of • RECYCLING = collect waste materials to produce a new raw material  bring system / collect system / central processing

  13. INCINERATION= burning materials

  14. LANDFILL= burying waste in the ground • COMPOSTING= collecting organic waste and allowing it to decompose  natural fertiliser

  15. DESIGN • Some methods : • JIT and kaisen • less packaging • development of concentrated product • - reducing product

  16. BENEFITS of waste management • reduce costs • lower prices to consumers • reduce tax • use waste to make products, which will be sold • improvment of the company’s image • avoid breaking the law and paying fines

  17. DISADVANTAGES of waste management • some aspects are expensive • higher prices to consumers • small business are disadvantaged

  18. Factors affecting waste management • NEEDS of STAKEHOLER possible conflit between shareholders and local communauty • LEGISLATION acts taken by the Government

  19. COSTS consider and compare the costs of the different methods • ETHICAL STANCE respect the laws and overcome the minimum legal standard • LOCAL INITIATIVES supports groups in some regions

  20. Fill in the blanksand you will have a good summary of the lesson Exercise 2