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Philosophical Inquiry : The Concept of Sunstainability. Earth Daniela G. Camhy , Anja Lindbichler. EARTH – Abstract.

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philosophical inquiry the concept of sunstainability

PhilosophicalInquiry:The ConceptofSunstainability


Daniela G. Camhy, Anja Lindbichler

earth abstract
EARTH – Abstract

The planet Earth is the fifth largest in the solar system and the third closest to the Sun. The Earth has the highest density of any planet. Its diameter is more than 12,700 km and it has existed for about 4.6 billion years. It is the home of all known living organisms.

The mass of the Earth is composed mainly of iron (32,1 %), oxygen (30,1 %), silicon (15,1 %), magnesium (13,9 %), sulfur (2,9 %), nickel (1,8 %), calcium (1,5 %) and aluminum (1,4 %). The remaining 1,2% are traces of other elements.

According to seismic measurements the structure of the Earth consists of mainly three layers: the Earth’s core, the mantle and the crust. These layers are separated by seismic discontinuity zones of each other. The Earth's crust and the uppermost part of the upper mantle together form the so-called lithosphere. The lithosphere ranges between 50 and 100 km in thickness and is divided in so-called tectonic plates.

As the Sun and the other planets the Earth originated about 4.6 billion years ago from the compression of the solar nebula. It is now generally accepted that during the first 100 million years the Earth was exposed to an intense bombardment by asteroids. In contrast to the moon, on Earth almost all impact craters have been removed by geological processes.

Because of the conversion of the kinetic energy of the asteroids on impact into heat during the heavy bombardment and by the heat production of the radioactive decay the young Earth was heated until it was mostly melted. As a result, there was a gravitational differentiation of the Earth into a core and mantle. The heaviest elements, especially iron, sank into the center of the planet, whereby heat was produced. Lighter elements, especially oxygen, silicon and aluminum, rose up and formed silicate minerals, which mainly make up the rocks of the Earth's crust.


Nicolás de Lekuona, Untilted, 1935, CollectionSiblingsLekuona



Guiseppe Arcimboldo, Die Erde, 1570, Private Property



What is the difference between reality and truth?


How real isreality?

Is there existence or reality beyond our subjective perception?

What is the difference between realness and reality?

Discussion plan:Reality


What is the difference between real and reality?

What is the difference between reality and illusion?


Alfred Kubin, Unser aller Mutter Erde, Our Mother Earth 1901-1902, Freiburg



Clemens Brentano


Wahrlich, wahrlich, ich sage euch,Himmel und Erde sind sich gleich.Spricht der Himmel: Werde!Da grünt und blüht die Erde!Spricht die Erde: Sterbe!Da wird der Himmel ein lachender Erbe.Sterne sah ich blinken und sinken,Den Mond in der Sonne ertrinken,Die Sonne stieg in die Meere,Ohne daß sich ein Fünklein verlöre. Feuer und Wasser hassen sich,Erde und Wasser umfassen sich,Luft und Feuer entzünden sich,Erde und Feuer ersticken sich,Erde und Luft umkühlen sich,Luft und Wasser umspielen sich,Aber alles ist Liebe, Liebe, Liebe,Und wenn sich alles empörte, verzehrte, verschlänge,Daß gar nichts bliebe, bliebe doch LiebeDie Hülle, die Fülle, die Menge

Source: Leitner, Anton G.: „Feuer, Wasser, Luft & Erde. Die Poesie der Elemente“, Philipp Reclam jun., Stuttgart 2003, S. 157.


Gustav MahlerDas Lied der Erde _Satz 4_ Von der Schönheit

The Song ofthe Earth

31 Oktober 2012


Yann Arthus-Bertrand

HOMEDocumentary, France 2009

Am 26. August 2013


What do we owe future generations?

Climate change-

what prize will future generations have to pay?

Discussion plan.Climatejustice

Do future

generations have


How can emission allowances be shared?

: How do regulated entities acquire emissions allowances?

Do future generations do have the right to a healthy environment?


Brenner, Harald

Die Entstehung der Erde

The Origin ofthe Earth

Deutschland 2012

You find thearticleat:

31 October 2012


What was at the beginning of the universe?

Can one imagine the beginning of all beginnings?

Has the universe been here forever or did it have a beginning?

Discussion plan:Beginningand end

Was the Big Bang the beginning of the universe?

What happened before earth has evolved?

How can one imagine a spatial end of the universe?

What will follow after the end of the universe?