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GRAMMAR NOTES. Punctuating Dialogue. Direct Quotations Use quotation marks at the beginning and the end of a direct quotation EX: “All passengers assemble on deck,” said the captain. Punctuating Dialogue.

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punctuating dialogue
Punctuating Dialogue
  • Direct Quotations
  • Use quotation marks at the beginning and the end of a direct quotation
  • EX: “All passengers assemble on deck,” said the captain.
punctuating dialogue1
Punctuating Dialogue
  • To set off explanatory words used with direct quotations (whether at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence) use a comma.
  • EX: The captain said, “All passengers assemble on deck.”
  • EX: “All passengers,” said the captain, “assemble on deck.”
  • EX: “All passengers assemble on deck,” said the captain.
punctuating dialogue2
Punctuating Dialogue
  • If the quoted words are part of a quotation or exclamation of your own, place the punctuation mark outside the closing quotation marks.
  • EX: Did I hear him say, “I believe we’re sinking”?
punctuating dialogue3
Punctuating Dialogue
  • Indirect Quotations
  • Do not use quotation marks to set off an indirect quotation
  • EX: Captain Smith told the radio operators that they should abandon their cabin.
punctuating dialogue4
Punctuating Dialogue
  • Divided Quotations
  • To enclose both parts of a divided quotation use quotation marks.
  • EX: “The ship,” the owner said, “is unsinkable.”
  • Do not capitalize the first word of the second part unless it begins a new sentence.
punctuating dialogue5
Punctuating Dialogue
  • Dialogue
  • A new paragraph and a new set of quotation marks signal a change in speakers.
  • “Ready.”
  • “Ready.”
  • “Now?”
  • “Soon.”
possessive nouns
Possessive Nouns
  • NOUNS THAT SHOW OWNERSHIP OR RELATIONSHIP
  • EX: MOM’S CAR (OWNERSHIP)
  • EX: BROTHER’S FRIEND (RELATIONSHIP)
possessive nouns1
Possessive Nouns
  • SINGULAR – ADD “’S”

DOG’S BONE

  • PLURAL AND ENDS IN S – ADD “ ‘ “

SPIDERS’ WEBS

  • PLURAL AND DOES NOT END IN S – ADD “ ‘S “

CHILDREN’S CAPS

antecedents
Antecedents
  • THE WORD THE PRONOUN REFERS TO
  • EX: NANCY LIKES CEREAL. HER

FAVORITE IS CHEERIOS.

fragments
Fragments
  • PART OF A SENTENCE WRITTEN AS IF IT WERE COMPLETE
  • MISSING A SUBJECT, A PREDICATE, OR BOTH
  • EX: IN MEXICO AND ASIA.

(MISSING BOTH)

run ons
Run-Ons
  • TWO OR MORE SENTENCES WRITTEN AS ONE
  • EX: THE PLAY BEGINS AT TWO WE HAD BETTER HURRY.
compound sentence
Compound Sentence
  • Two sentences joined with a comma and a coordinating conjunction.
  • EX: The boys wore red uniforms, and the girls wore blue uniforms.