What is an ionic bond? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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What is an ionic bond?

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What is an ionic bond?
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What is an ionic bond?

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  1. Ionic Bond: When an atom donates electrons to another atom What is an ionic bond?

  2. Oxidation Numbers

  3. The charge must be neutral for these compounds Ionic Bonds

  4. Ionic Bonds

  5. Neutral Compound

  6. What is Li and O?

  7. NaBr • 1. Sodium + Bromine • 2. Magnesium + Nitrogen • 3. Calcium + Sulfur • 4. Calcium + Chlorine • 5. Aluminum + Fluorine Mg3N2 CaS CaCl2 AlF3 Practice

  8. KF • 1. Potassium + Fluorine • 2. Magnesium + Iodine • 3. Sodium + Oxygen • 4. Sodium + Chlorine • 5. Magnesium + Oxygen • 6. Aluminum + Chlorine MgI2 Na2O NaCl MgO AlCl3 Practice

  9. Name Metal Name Non-Metal Drop ending and add -ide Naming Ionic Compounds

  10. Sodium Chlorine NaCl Sodium Chloride Naming Example

  11. NaBr • 1. Sodium + Bromine • 2. Magnesium + Nitrogen • 3. Calcium + Sulfur • 4. Calcium + Chlorine • 5. Aluminum + Fluorine Sodium Bromide Mg3N2 Magnesium Nitride CaS Calcium Sulfide CaCl2 Calcium Chloride AlF3 Aluminum Fluoride Naming Practice

  12. KF Potassium Fluoride MgI2 Magnesium Iodide Na2O Sodium Oxide NaCl Sodium Chloride MgO Magnesium Oxide AlCl3 Aluminum Chloride Naming Practice

  13. Calcium + Sulfur • Cesium + Iodine • Calcium Iodide • Aluminum Nitride • Lithium Phosphide • Indium + Oxygen • Strontium Iodide • Rubidium + Bromine Mixed Practice

  14. Potassium Chloride • KCl • LiF • CaBr2 • BaF2 • Fr3S • K3P • BeBr2 • NaCl Lithium Fluoride Calcium Bromide Barium Fluoride Francium Sulfide Potassium Phosphide Beryllium Bromide Sodium Chloride Name…

  15. Transition Metals

  16. Transition Metals have varying valence electrons • Exceptions: • Ag is always 1+ • Zn is always 2+ • Cd is always 2+ Transition Metals

  17. Why the different charges?

  18. 2 3 • ZnCl2 • FeP • MnBr2 • CuF2 • MnO2 • PbO • SnS2 • Fe2O 2 2 4 2 4 1 What is the charge of the metal?

  19. Label Charge Using Roman Numerals Name Metal Drop ending and add -ide Name Non-Metal Naming Transition Metals

  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Roman Numerals

  21. Name: ZnCl2 • Zinc (II) Chloride Naming Example

  22. CuCl • Copper (I) Chloride • Manganese (III) Sulfide • Tin (IV) Oxide • Gallium (III) Nitride • Chromium (III) Sulfide • Lead (II) Fluoride Mn2S3 SnO2 GaN Cr2S3 PbF2 Write the Compound

  23. Copper (II) Nitride • Cu3N2 • Fe2S3 • ZnCl2 • AgCl • Cd3N2 • MnO2 • NiS Iron (III) Sulfide Zinc (II) Chloride Silver (I) Chloride Cadmium (II) Nitride Manganese (IV) Oxide Nickel (II) Sulfide Name the Compound

  24. Polyatomic Ions

  25. Sulfate • Sulfite • Carbonate • Nitrate • Bicarbonate • Nitrite • Phosphate • Hydroxide • Ammonium • Acetate Look Familiar?

  26. Write the Compound

  27. Name Metal Label Charge if Necessary Name Polyatomic Naming Polyatomic Ions

  28. CuSO3 • Copper (II) Sulfite Naming Example

  29. silver (I) sulfate • Ag2SO4 • MgCO3 • Zn2SO4 • Mg(OH)2 • Nb(NO3)2 • NaC2H3O2 magnesium carbonate zinc (I) sulfate magnesium hydroxide niobium (II) nitrate sodium acetate Name these Polyatomic Ions

  30. aluminum and sulfate • ammonium and sulfur • barium and hydroxide • magnesium and phosphate • lead(IV) and sulfite • strontium and carbonate • zinc(II) and phosphate • ammonium and oxygen • calcium and nitrate • tungsten(II) and sulfate Write the Compound

  31. Standard Charge • Non-metal • Name Non-Metal • Drop Ending • Add -ide Metal with Multiple Charge • Polyatomic Ion • Name Ion Polyatomic Ion Naming Guide

  32. Properties of Ionic Compounds

  33. Form Crystals • High melting and boiling points • Hard and brittle • Conduct electricity when dissolved Properties of Ionic Compounds

  34. Crystal Structure

  35. Metallic Bonds

  36. Electron Sea Model

  37. Metals are not ionic but DO share many properties with ionic compounds.

  38. Properties