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Xenotransplantation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Xenotransplantation. Peggy Jenny Mary Nick Whatever. First Paragraph-words and phrases. 1. Xenotransplantation( 異種器官移植 ): a surgical procedure in which tissue or whole organs are transfered from one species to another species. xeno - 外國的 陌生的 異鄉的 tion - 行為 狀態 結果. 2.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Xenotransplantation

Peggy

Jenny

Mary

Nick

Whatever

slide2

First Paragraph-words and phrases

1.

Xenotransplantation(異種器官移植): a surgical procedure in which tissue or whole organs are transfered from one species to another species.

xeno-外國的 陌生的 異鄉的 tion-行為 狀態 結果

2.

Organ(器官): A natural part or structure in an animal or a plant.

3.

Transplant(移植): an operation moving an organ from one organism to another.

trans-通過 plants-植物

4.

Sophisticated(有經驗的): not pure

slide3

Main ideas of the first paragraph

1.

Organ transplants has played an important role in the world

slide4

Second Paragraph-words and phrases

1.

  • Demand-Ask ; Want to know
  • de- down, away

2.

Trend- direction

3.

  • Victim-someone was cheated
  • Im- 使成為…

4.

  • Law enforcement – such as police , who enforce and uphold laws
  • law – 法律 en-使處於...... force-勢力 –ment名詞字尾

5.

  • Deter-prevrnt
  • de- down, away
slide5

Main ideas of the second paragraph

1.

  • As the organs increased demand while supply is decreasing.

2.

  • Most organ donors are victims of car crashes who had healthy organs.
  • Expect that it decrease the number of healthy organs available to those who need them.So the medical commumity is now looking to the animal kingdom for organs that can be used in humans.

3.

slide6

Third Paragraph-words and phrases

1.

  • Immune system 免疫系統 = the system in your body that produces substances to help it fight against infection and disease.

2.

  • Anti-rejection 抗排次的
  • anti 反對

3.

  • Tremendous 巨大的 = very great.

4.

  • Genetic modification 基因改造
  • Gene 基因 modify改造
slide7

Third Paragraph-words and phrases

5.

Candidate

=a person who is trying to be elected or is applying for a job. 候選人 應試者

6.

  • Conventionally = tending to following what is done or considered acceptable by society normal and ordinary and perhaps not interesting.

7.

  • Litter 廢棄物 亂丟垃圾

8.

  • Clone 複製

9.

  • Breed 繁殖
slide8

Main ideas of the third paragraph

This paragraph is talking about xenotransplantation. We can learn about human use the genetic modification of the organ to transplant to human’s body successfully.

slide9

Fourth Paragraph-words and phrases

1.

Concern(關注): something that interests you because it is important oraffects you

Con:以…

2.

Donor(捐贈者): one who confers anything gratuitously

Don: 穿上 or:…人

3.

Ensure(確保): To make sure

En:使…

4.

Susceptible(易受影響者): easily impressed emotionally

  • Sus: 猜測

5.

Replicating(複製): copy that is not the original

re-重覆

6.

Receptors(感覺器官): an organ having nerve endings

slide10

Main ideas of the Fourth paragraph

1.

  • The scientists found that they do not carry the virus DNA

2.

  • Scientists are working to prevent viral replication
slide11

Fifth Paragraph-words and phrases

1.

  • Candidate (候選) – choice
  • Can:可以 did: Do的過去式 ate: eat的過去式

2.

Breed (培育) – raise

3.

  • Dilemma (困境) – difficult condition
  • Di:二倍

4.

  • Slaughter(屠殺) – kill

5.

Ethical (合乎道德的) – moral

slide12

Main ideas of the Fifth paragraph

Baboons can be a candidate for xenotransplantation because it is genetically very similar to humans.

Baboons is not easy to breed.

Some people don’t think that it is wrong to kill animals for the benefit of humans.

slide13

Thanks

for

everyone

listening