The Five Main World Religions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

treva
the five main world religions n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Five Main World Religions PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Five Main World Religions

play fullscreen
1 / 28
Download Presentation
44 Views
Download Presentation

The Five Main World Religions

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Five Main World Religions Myers Social 7

  2. Instructions • These are key word and phrase notes • Do not write word for word • This presentation is meant to be informative • No valuing or judging statements are implied as part of this presentation

  3. History • The five main religions of the world are: • Christianity • Islam • Judaism • Hinduism • Buddhism • These are determined by the number of followers

  4. History • Three of the five religions can be traced to the descendents of one man • Abraham is considered to be the father of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

  5. Abraham Hagar Sarah Descendents eventually went on to found Judaism - then Christianity Descendants eventually went on to found Islam


  6. Three religions of the Middle East • Oldest to Youngest • Judaism --> Christianity --> Islam • All are monotheistic • This means they believe in one god

  7. Three religions of the Middle East • Each of the three: • Have places of worship • Jewish - Synagogue • Christianity - Church - Cathedral • Islam - Mosque

  8. Three religions of the Middle East • Each of the three: • Have religious holidays • Jewish - Yom Kippur and Rosh Hashanah • Christianity - Christmas and Easter • Islam - Ramadan

  9. Three religions of the Middle East • Each of the three have • Have sets of rules: • Jewish - Talmud - Ten Commandments • Christianity - Ten Commandments • Islam - The Five Pillars

  10. Three religions of the Middle East Each of the three have: • Religious symbols • Judaism – The Star of David or Tetragammon • Christianity – The Cross or Crucifix • Islam – The Crescent Moon and Star

  11. Three religions of the Middle East • Each has a holy text • Judaism - Torah • Christianity - Bible (Torah + New Testament= Bible) • Islam - Quran (or Koran)

  12. The Christian Bible The New Testament Jewish Torah AKA: The Old Testament Jewish and Christian Holy Text

  13. Three religions of the Middle East • Each of the three: • Have important people: • Judaism - Moses • Christianity - Jesus Christ • Islam- Muhammad

  14. Three religions of the Middle East • Each of the three: • Have different branches or denominations: • Judaism - Hassidic, Orthodox • Christianity - Catholic, Protestant (which includes Lutheran, Episcopalian, Methodist, Baptist, etc.) • Islam- Shia or Sunni

  15. Buddhism • Based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama • Prince • Observed the world’s suffering • Meditated for a long time under a Bo tree - seeking enlightenment • Reached Nirvana • Buddha means “enlightened one”

  16. Buddhism • Established the four noble truths • Developed the eight-fold path • Buddha is not seen as a god, but as a teacher or prophet • Found mostly in southeast Asia and other parts of Asia

  17. Hinduism • The only Polytheistic religion of the five main religions • This means they has more than one god • Hindus believe in reincarnation • The idea that people return to live again after dying • Hindus believe in Karma • What you do in this life carries over to the next

  18. Hinduism • Hindus (although technically illegal) follow a caste system • Levels in society ranging from powerful, wealthy people to slave-type people • Those with bad karma (people who have done bad things) will be reincarnated into a lower caste • Those with good karma (people who have done good things) will be reincarnated into a higher caste

  19. Hinduism • Hindu goal is not a better caste - release from this world • Hindus believe in family spirits as well as their main gods • The Hindu Trinity: • Brahman the Creator • Vishnu the Protector • Shiva the Destroyer • Each very complex and can take many forms

  20. Hindu Trinity Brahma Shiva Vishnu

  21. Organize • Color coordinate • Underline each religion a different color • For example: • Christianity - Blue • Judaism- Orange • Islam - Red • Hinduism - Yellow • Buddhism - Green

  22. Language - translate these words • Suhrka - • Rot - • Amhar - • Ruud - • Curalium • Rouge - • Rojo -

  23. Red Language - translate these words • Suhrka - Hindi • Rot - German • Amhar - arabic • Ruud - Swedish • Curalium Latin • Rouge - French • Rojo - Spanish

  24. Languages • Many languages sound similar because they belong to language families - meaning the same origin • Words and written languages also reveal different language families Arabic

  25. Language Evolves • Greet the person next to you as you would imagine someone would in 1709 • Now 1979 • Now 1989 • Now 2009

  26. What do these words mean? • It’s the year 1953 • Sick • Tight • Hot • Cool • It’s the year 2009 • Sick • Tight • Hot • Cool

  27. How many time in the last week did you say… • Groovy? • Gnarly? • Radical?

  28. How has language continued to evolve? • Texting language • New words in the dictionary • Google • IM’ing • Green • Biodiesel • Unibrow