Higher English. Poetic Form. We Are Learning To . Identify features of different poetic forms Appreciate how poetic form can help the development of theme. .
There was a young man from DealingWho caught the bus for Ealing.It said on the doorDon't spit on the floor So he jumped up and spat on the ceiling
There was a young lady from Hyde,Who ate a green apple and died. While her lover lamented, The apple fermented,And made cider inside her inside.
Now make a list of words that rhyme with the last word in the first line—in this case, Jill. Your list of rhyming words might include: hill, drill, pill, skill, bill, will, and ill.
Now write the second line using one of the rhyming words. Here’s an example: “Who freaked at the sight of a drill.” (Notice that the last words in the first two lines rhyme and that both the first and second lines contain 3 DUMS or beats.)
Now you need to go back to the list of “A” rhyming words to find one that can end the poem. Here’s an example: “Your teeth are quite perfect. No bill.”
......I am like trees as they appear late in the year–either autumn (signified by yellow “leaves”) or early winter (signified by “none”) when most or all of the leaves have fallen from the trees. The boughs of the trees, once alive with choirs of singing birds, now are bare–like empty seats in the chancel or choir loft of a decaying church. (Many churches and monasteries in Shakespeare’s day were in ruins as a result of King Henry VIII’s crackdown on Catholicism before Shakespeare was born.)
‘black night’ is a metaphor for death itself. As 'black night' closes in around the remaining light of the day, so too does death close in around the poet.
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there's the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause:
In the first and second quatrains, the speaker fails to confront the full scope of his problem: both the metaphor of winter and the metaphor of twilight imply cycles, and impose cyclical motions upon the objects of their metaphors, whereas old age is final. Winter follows spring, but spring will follow winter just as surely; and after the twilight fades, dawn will come again. In human life, however, the fading of warmth and light is not cyclical; youth will not come again for the speaker. In the third quatrain, he must resign himself to this fact.
Finally, I am like dying embers on ashes–the burned-out remnants of the fire of my youth.
Life becomes shorter still in this quatrain. It is compared to the dying moments of a fire. This fire will come to rest on the ashes that once sparked it into life. In the same way, once the energy and passion of youth is completely spent life will end.
......The last two lines are addressed to the young man. They appear to have two meanings: (1) You will love the old man all the more because you know that I am near death; (2) you will love and appreciate your own life and youth more because you now realize that the green leaf of youth will soon turn yellow and fall.