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Fire Procurement “101” National Logistics Workshop. Objectives. 1. Review and provide understanding of the acquisition process for fires. 2. Review the responsibilities of Logistics Section personnel in administration of EERA’s, Land Use Agreements and other contracts. Service and Supply Plan.

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1. Review and provide understanding of the acquisition process for fires.

2. Review the responsibilities of Logistics Section personnel in administration of EERA’s, Land Use Agreements and other contracts.

service and supply plan
Service and Supply Plan
  • Incident agency establishes
  • Identified supplies, equipment, and services
  • Provided to the PROC and buying team leader. (IIBMH, Chapter 20)
requisitioning procedures

Resource Order

Supply Unit Leader


Requisitioning Procedures

Buying Team

IIBMH, Chapter 20

sources of supply iibmh chapter 20
Sources of Supply(IIBMH, Chapter 20)
  • National cache system
  • GSA
  • NIFC interagency contracts
  • Open market procurement
  • Contract crews
  • Engine and tender contracts
  • Structural engines
  • Bus contracts
safety concerns and contracting issues
  • Standards for Survival (Fallers, dozer operators, etc.)
  • Work Rest Ratio
  • Language Barriers – Contract Crews
  • Crew Carriers
  • Increased size of Contract Workforce
  • Lack of Government Direction and Oversight (Experience and Leadership)
  • Fire Taking an Active Role Developing Equipment Needs
acquisition methods iibmh chapter 20
Acquisition Methods(IIBMH, Chapter 20)
  • Purchases by most efficient method
  • Resource order number on all purchase documents
  • Original purchase documentation retained by home unit
  • Copy provided for incident records
types of delivery systems for fire procurement
EERA’s (Regional and Local)

Examples: Dozers, Fallers, Vehicles w/operator, Generators, Laundry, Pack Strings, School Buses and Crew Buses, Carpenters w/tools, copy machines, fax machines, Refrigeration Trucks, Vans, Aircraft, etc.

types of delivery systems for fire procurement1
Interagency Contracts(FS, BLM/Park Service/BIA/ States)

National Contracts

Region 6 Engine/Tender “FS”

Crew Contract “State of Oregon”

Aircraft (Tankers & Helicopters) Retardant, Portable Retardant Plants, Catering, Commissary, Showers, Crew, Engines, etc.)

types of delivery systems for fire procurement2

BPA’s (Basic Ordering Agreements), Food, Lodging, Grocreies, Hardware, General Supplies, Copy Machines, Fax Machines, Cell Phones, Etc.

Credit Cards


Purchase Orders (Required for Property Items)

emergency equipment rental agreement eera of 294
Emergency Equipment Rental Agreement (EERA), OF-294
  • Preferred Hiring Methods. (IIBMH, Chapter 20)
    • Geographic area may establish standard rates.
    • If no rate, PROC negotiates rates
    • PROC advises contractor of specific conditions of hire
terms and conditions

OF 294 – EERA

  • Clause 1. Condition of Equipment – All equipment furnished under this agreement must be in acceptable condition. The Government reserves the right to reject equipment which is not in safe and operative condition.
  • Clause 8.Exceptions (a). No further payment under the payments clause will accrue during any period that equipment is not in a safe operable condition or when Contractor furnished operator(s) is not available.
terms and conditions1

OF 294 – EERA

  • Clause 13. Personal Protective Equipment – The Government considers operators as fireline personnel who will use and wear specified articles of personal protective equipment. The following mandatory items will be used by the Contractor, to operators performing within the scope of this agreement:

(a) Clothing: (1) Flame resistant pants and shirts; (2) Gloves (either nomex or chrome tanned leather, when not furnished by the contractor); (3) Hard Hat; (4) Goggles or safety glasses.

(b) Equipment: (1) Fire shelter; (2) Headlamp; (3) Individual First Aid Kit; (4) Other items in addition to these three, may be issued by the Government.

Operators shall wear the items of clothing issued and maintain the issued equipment in a usable and readily available condition. Upon completion of the contract assignment, all issued items of clothing or equipment shall be returned to the Government. Deductions will be made for all Government equipment not returned by the Contractor.

eera administration iibmh chapter 20
EERA Administration(IIBMH, Chapter 20)
  • The procurement unit records equipment time in accordance with the EERA.
eera draft language r6
  • FIREARM-WEAPON PROHIBITION: The possession of firearms or other dangerous weapon (18 USC 930 (f)(2) are prohibited at all times while on Government Property and during performance of services under this agreement. The term dangerous weapon does not inlcude a pocket knife with a blade less than 2-1/2 inches in length or multi purpose tools (Leatherman type tool or equivalent).
eera draft language
  • (a) General

(1) To maintain safe and productive incident activities, the Contractor shall appropriately manage work and rest periods, assignment duration, and shift length for their personnel. The Contractor shall plan for and ensure that all personnel are provided a minimum 2:1 work to rest ratio (for every 2 hours of work or travel, provide 1 hour of sleep and/or rest).

(2) Shifts exceeding 16 hours, including travel time, shall be approved in writing by the Incident Commander, in advance. Mitigation measures shall be employed to achieve compliance with 2:1 work to rest ratio policies

  • Mobilization / Driver Limitations:

When traveling to and from an assignment, a single driver shall not exceed 10 hours driving time in a 15-hour duty day with 8 hours off between shifts. A driver must have 8 consecutive hours off duty after driving. Multiple drivers shall not exceed 15 hours in a 15 hour duty day.

eera draft language1
  • (c) Initial and Extended Attack
  • Within the initial 48-hour period, for initial attack and extended attack operations, work and rest periods may vary in length. Full compliance with the 2:1 work to rest ratio must be accomplished. This requires a minimum of 16 hours rest spread over the 48 hours. Any shift in excess of 16 hours requires approval in writing by the Incident Commander, in advance.
  • (d) Work/Rest

(1) The use of the words “work” and “rest” used in this clause are for defining work/rest periods only and not for the purposes of compensation.

(2) For the purposes of defining work/ rest in the context of the 2:1 work/rest ratio, work is considered to be any time an individual spends on shift including meal breaks (compensable or non-compensable), and any individual rest breaks less than 1.5 hours in length

(3) Rest is considered all time off shift and any individual rest breaks 1.5 hours or longer.

eera draft language2

Contract personnel/resources shall adhere to current work/rest and days-off policies. Government options consist of:

(1) The contractor provides replacement operators(s). Replacement operator is subject to the work/rest and day-off policies.

(2) Contract resources may be released after a 14-day incident assignment

(3) The Contract resource (s) may be retained under hire and not put on shift to allow proper rest. Compensation will either be at the daily or guarantee rate.



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other supporting documents iibmh chapter 20
Other Supporting Documents(IIBMH, Chapter 20)
  • Agency-provided medical care records
  • Agency-provided repairs, parts, and supply invoices
  • Claim documentation
  • Outstanding or poor performance documentation
contract claims iibmh chapter 20
Contract Claims(IIBMH, Chapter 20)
  • Contract dispute claims may be settled by a contracting officer acting within their authority, and within limits set by the incident agency. The PROC coordinates with the incident agency for claims settlement processes.
  • Incident personnel with knowledge of a potential contract claim should provide information to the PROC.
  • Person supervising/managing equipment is responsible for documenting damage and initiating the claim investigation
investigation report should include
Investigation Report Should Include:
  • Description of damage
  • Law enforcement investigation report, if applicable
  • List of witnesses and statements
  • Sketches, maps, diagrams, or photographs of scene or equipment
filing a claim
Filing a Claim
  • No specific form, but must be in writing
  • Claimant’s complete name & address
  • Signature of equipment owner
  • Claimant’s statement of facts
  • Itemized list of amount claimed
  • Witness statements if available
  • The contracting officer reviews the investigation report, contractor claim, and other pertinent documentation. Based on this information, the contracting officer documents their findings and determinations.
  • The contracting officer presents the determination to the contractor for acceptance and government/agency release from future claims.
settlement cont
Settlement (cont.)
  • Upon settlement, claim is attached to the Emergency Equipment Use Invoice, OF-286 and forwarded to payment office
  • If not settled the claim is forwarded to the incident agency.
  • Payment for actual equipment use shall not be delayed beyond a reasonable period.
property management
Property Management
  • Incident agency and/or buying team to document incident purchased property to be returned to the incident agency
purchase versus rental
Purchase versus Rental
  • We need to acquire property in the most advantageous method.
  • Purchasing equipment may be a better deal.
  • Equipment purchased must be returned to the cache.
facilities unit leader

Needs and Method of Hire

  • Land Use/Facility Use Agreements – Evaluate cost using a 30 day period
  • Generators – Daily/Weekly/Monthly
  • Tents – Daily/Weekly/Monthly
  • Office Trailers – Daily/Weekly/Monthly
  • Copy/Service Trailers – Daily/Weekly/Monthly
facility unit leaders continued
  • Toilets – Daily/Weekly/Monthly

Service – per cleaning

Disposal – mileage and dump fee (if applicable)

  • Sanitation – Grey Water Trucks – Daily
  • Potable Water Trucks– Daily (Use NIFC Requirements in Catering Contract)
  • Potable Water/Grey Water - Established Rates with City
facility unit leaders continued1
  • Laundry – National Contract
  • Showers – National Contract
  • Gators/Golf Carts – Weekly/Monthly
  • Refrigerated Vans – Daily plus Mileage
  • Tables/Chairs – Weekly/Monthly
facility unit leaders continued2
  • Copy Machines – Weekly/Monthly
  • Fax Machines – Buy/Weekly/Monthly
ground support unit
Ground Support Unit
  • Inspections, pre and post
    • OF-296
    • Ensure we have safe equipment
    • Establish documentation for claims
  • Need close contact with PROC and Equipment Time Unit
  • Standards for Survival Training
ground support
Ground Support
  • Ground support role in claim resolution
    • Importance of inspections
    • Normal “wear and tear”. PROC will determine but may need expertise of mechanic.
      • Tires
      • Paint scrapes
      • Clogged air filters
ground support unit1
Ground Support Unit
  • Buses
    • Other applicable laws and regulations
      • Commercial Drivers Licenses
      • DOT Regulations (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations)
      • DOT Safety Inspections
ground support unit2
Ground Support Unit
  • Fuel Trucks – Fuel Issues
    • No fuel with dye (red diesel)
    • Fuel Issue books or Logs?
    • Establishing fuel rates to charge contractors
    • Nursing the fuel truck or delivery charge for fuel?
ground support1
Ground Support
  • Vehicle rentals (without drivers)
    • Need to track all rental vehicles assigned to unit
    • May be on EERA or Buying Team may have on their VISA. Either way, we need to track.
    • National GSA Contract does not cover off-road use
  • Vehicle rentals (with AD drivers)
ground support2
Ground Support
  • Tire Repair
    • Charge contractors for repairs
  • Shop Trucks – Maintenance and Repair
    • Check on the current rate to be charged for the Geographic Area. These rates differ from Area to Area.
    • What type of truck is needed? Heavy diesel mechanic or lighter vehicles.
ground support3
Ground Support
  • Transports (lowboys)
    • Decide to release or keep under hire.
    • Pilot vehicles (when required by law)
      • Depending on Area, these may or may be paid an additional rate.
ground support4
Ground Support
  • Noxious Weed Cleaning
    • Are there standards?
    • What type of equipment is needed for cleaning?
    • Wash at camp or at other location?
ground support crew contract crew transportation
Ground SupportCrew Contract Crew Transportation
  • Vehicles shall meet all State and Federal laws relating to motor vehicles operating within the States of Oregon and Washington.
  • Government reserves the right to conduct vehicle safety inspections at the incident.
  • Vehicles that are determined to be unsafe for operation may be grounds for Contractor being rejected from participation in the Incident.
supply unit leaders
  • Issue of Consumable and Non Consumables
  • Property Accountability

Incident Supply Card

Bar Code Reader

supply unit leaders continued
  • Ordering Manager

Resource Orders – Tracking

Requests and Confirmation of Orders

Works with Buying Team

Issues Block of Order Numbers

Invoices to Buying Team

supply unit
  • Top 10 “Bizarre” Resource Orders in 2000
  • 1. Hawaiian Ginger (must be grown in Hawaii)
  • 2. Latte Machine
  • 3. Motel Rooms at casinos
  • 4. 500 or 600 handheld mirrors
  • 5. Out of season fruit
  • 6. 4-wheelers w/drivers
  • 7. Blow dryers
  • 8. Clipboard w/built-in calculator
  • 9. Bibles and dice
  • 10. 1800 Bandannas
food unit
  • Caterer is National Contract
  • Supplemental Food
communication unit leader
  • Communication Trailers – Both Contractor and Cooperator Supplied
  • Satellite Phones/Cell Phones
  • Wireless Communication – Contract Services
  • Issuing Radios
  • Cloning Radios
  • Battery Exchange
medical unit
  • EMT’s, Paramedics
  • Ambulances
    • Life support
    • Advanced Life support
  • Contract Medical Units
  • Agency Provided Medical Care (APMC)
  • BPA’s, block of numbers (M#)
  • Medical services to contractors