Finding reliable sources
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Finding Reliable Sources. Primary Sources. Primary sources are works created at the time of an event, or by a person who directly experienced an event. Primary Sources. Primary sources can include Interviews, diaries, letters, journals, speeches, autobiographies, and witness statements

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Primary sources
Primary Sources

Primary sources are works created

at the time of an event, or

by a person who directly experienced an event


Primary sources1
Primary Sources

Primary sources can include

Interviews, diaries, letters, journals, speeches, autobiographies, and witness statements

Articles containing original research, data, or findings never before shared

Original, hand-written manuscripts

Government documents and public records

Art, photographs, films, maps, fiction, and music

Newspaper and magazine clippings

Artifacts, buildings, furniture, and clothing


Secondary sources
Secondary Sources

Secondary sources are works that

are one step removed from the original event or experience

provide criticism or interpretation of a primary source


Secondary sources1
Secondary Sources

Secondary sources can include

Textbooks

Review articles and critical analysis essays

Biographies

Historical films, music, and art

Articles about people and events from the past


Credibility of sources graphic representation
Credibility of Sources Graphic Representation

Event

Primary Source

Secondary Source

You


Online sources 5 things to look for
Online Sources: 5 Things to Look For

1) Accountability –

Anyone can create a website.

Who wrote or created the page?

Is the person qualified to write the document?

Is a contact or e-mail address provided?

ANONYMOUS sources should not be used. Find another source!


1 accountability
1. Accountability

Consider the domain identified by the last three letters of the website’s URL:

.com or .netcommercial sites – may have hidden agendas for items posted on their websites.

.org non-profit groups – look for sponsors who support these groups. Are there hidden agendas here?

.edueducational institutions – accountable to academic integrity.

.govgovernment agencies – accountable to legal and public parties.


2 accuracy
2. Accuracy

Look for possible hyperlinks to the original or primary source for the information posted in the website.

Look for errors in a website. If the grammar and mechanics of the website are incorrect, then the content of the information may also have errors.


3 objectivity
3. Objectivity

Is the author biased?

Is there a balance of credible facts and information?


4 currency
4. Currency

Factual data needs to have a recent date.

If the website does not include the date the site was created or when the website was last updated, then avoid using the content of the site.

NOTE: If a website has dead links or fails to indicate a recent update, then the website may not be current.


5 usability
5. Usability

Is the website easy to use?

Can other people find what you found when you entered the website?

Note: If the people managing the website do not care about maintaining their site, they probably do not care enough to research information on topics they write about nor will they probably keep their information up to date.


Practice
Practice

Tanning - http://www.ehow.com/how-to_4845392__relatively_-safe-tan.html

Migratory Bird Conservation Commission - http://www.fws.gov/refuges/realty/mbcc.html

Daft Punk - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daft_Punk


Group work
Group Work

Group yourselves into groups of four to determine if the provided website printouts are credible sources. Use the information you obtained today from the PowerPoint presentation.

This is due before the end of class!