Overview • Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) Status • Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS) • Automated Dependent Surveillance Broadcast (ADS-B) Status
WAAS Architecture 38 Reference Stations 3 Master Stations 4 Ground Earth Stations 2 Geostationary Satellite Links 2 Operational Control Centers
PanAmSat 133°W Telesat 107°W Geostationary Satellites (GEO)
WAAS Avionics Status • Garmin: • 43,000+ WAAS LPV receivers sold • Currently sole GA panel mount WAAS Avionics supplier • Universal Avionics: • Full line of UNS-1 FMSs achieved avionics approval (TSOA) in 2007/2008 • 700+ units sold (est. 500+ aircraft configured) • Rockwell Collins: • Multiple recent (fall ‘08) WAAS Sensor/Rcvr & FMS avionics TSOAs • CMC Electronics: • Achieved TSOA certification on both their 5024 & 3024 WAAS Sensors • Honeywell: • Multiple FMSs to achieve WAAS acft cert. in 2009 • AVIDYNE & Bendix-King: • SmartDeck glass panel and KSN-770 projected to market summer 2009 • NextNav: • TSO-145c/DO-229D approved WAAS (mini) Beta1 and (Max) Beta 1,2,3 sensors
Airports with WAAS Supported Instrument Approaches with Vertical Guidance As of April 9th, 2009 1,516 LPVs serving 832 Airports • 864 LPVs to non ILS Runways, • LPVs to 356 Non-ILS Airports - 652 LPVs to ILS runways
30 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 FY Development Operational Operational Operational Operational Operational Launch 9/05 WAAS Enterprise Schedule FLP Segment (Phase II) LPV-200 Segment (Phase III) Dual Frequency (Phase IV) Phases FOC Technical Refresh Operational JRC SLEP Technical Refresh Operational GPS Modernization JRC GPS L5 WAAS WAAS Avionics Production FOC Initial Test L5 Design L5 Implementation Cutover SLEP Phase III Operational Phase IV Standards User Transition Period Development GEO #3 – Intelsat GEO #4 – TeleSat Gap Filler GEO GEO #5 – TBD GEO #6 – TBD GEO #7 - TBD Operational Launch 10/05 GEO Operational Launch 09/08 Launch 09/11 Launch 09/14 Launch 09/13 Launch 09/16 Launch 09/18 ~6,000 Approach Development WAAS Procedure Development
Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS) • Precision Approach For CAT- I, II, III • Multiple Runway Coverage At An Airport • 3D RNP Procedures (RTA), CDAs • Navigation for Closely Spaced Parallels • Super Density Operations
GBAS Pathway Forward • Cat-I System Design Approval at Memphis – 2009 • Cat-III Prototype Validation by - 2010 • Cat-III System Design Approval by - 2012 • Evaluating Potential to Leverage Resources with DoD Joint Precision Approach Landing System (JPALS)
Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) • Automatic • Periodically transmits information with no pilot or operator input required • Dependent • Position and velocity vector are derived from the Global Positioning System (GPS) • Surveillance - • A method of determining position of aircraft, vehicles, or other asset • Broadcast • Transmitted information available to anyone with the appropriate receiving equipment
Rulemaking: Aviation Rulemaking Committee The Aviation Rulemaking Committee (ARC) was chartered in July 2007 The NPRM comment period closed on March 3, 2008 Once the NPRM had been published and reviewed by the ARC, the ARC would make specific recommendations to the FAA about any changes that should be made to the proposed language in the NPRM. The ARC provided NPRM recommendations to the FAA on September 26, 2008.
ARC Report Overview The ARC emphasizes its support for ADS–B Out implementation in the NAS by 2020. The ARC made 36 summary recommendations divided into two broad categories: • Recommendations to be resolved before any rule is adopted = 26 • ADS-B Link Strategy • ADS-B Program and Business Case • Performance Requirements • Required Equipment • Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Equipment • Recommendations for future = 10 • ADS-B Program and Business Case • Required Equipment • Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Equipment • Security, Privacy, and Malicious Use
Potential ARC Next Steps Consider additional tasking of the ARC to address ADS-B In Recommendation • Recommendation #27: The NPRM is focused on ADS–B Out and attempts to establish the requirements of ADS–B Out equipment so that it is compatible with ADS–B In. The FAA, in partnership with industry, should define a strategy for ADS–B In by 2012, ensuring the strategy is compatible with ADS–B Out avionics. The FAA also should ensure this program defines how to proceed with ADS–B In beyond the voluntary equipage concept included in the NPRM.
Rulemaking Next Steps: Schedule to Final Rule RPR = Rulemaking Project Record
Summary • The WAAS Program Has Matured Through Development and is Rapidly Progressing Through Operational Implementation • LAAS is Expected to Achieve Category-III By 2012 • ADS-B Program Progressing On Track