Washing Clothes & Intro to Sewing! May 7th, 2014
Cleaning your Clothes • Gather all dirty clothing • Sort the clothes • According to: colour (fastness), type of fabric, washing methods • Do up zippers, buckles, velcro, and empty pockets • Pre-treat stains • Never put a stained article of clothing in the dryer – it will bake it in! • Select a washing method • Variation in water amount and temperature, agitation speed • Select the water temperature • Hot water will help sanitize clothing • Dispense laundry products • Dry the clothes • Dryer or air-dry (flat or hung up)
Hand Washing Clothes THINGS TO CONSIDER IN HANDWASHING CLOTHING: • Use a sink or container large enough for clothes to move freely. • Choose a soap or detergent appropriate for the type of fabric.
Steps to Hand Washing • Fill sink with water at the temperature appropriate for the type of garment fabric. • Add detergent to the water and mix. • Add garment to the water-detergent mixture. • Soak for 5-20 minutes (depends on the type of fabric & garment). • Gently squeeze excess water from the garment. • Drain the sink and add fresh water. • Gently squeeze garment to push sudsy water through garment. • Rinsegarment at least twice.
Intro to Sewing Vocabulary and sewing machine familiarity
Sewing Vocabulary – Textbook Using the text, Today’s Teen (Chapter 43), answer the following question in your notes. • Describe and write the use of the following cutting and measuring equipment: • small scissors, shears, seam ripper, sewing gauge, tape measure • State the purpose and/or describe the following pinning and sewing equipment: • straight pins, pin cushion, thimble, hand-sewing needles, machine needles
Answers • Small scissors – to clip threads and trim • Shears – to cut fabric • Seam ripper – to cut and remove stitches • Sewing gauge – a small ruler with a slide marker is used for measuring a specific area (i.e. width of a seam or hem) • Tape measure – a narrow strip of durable plastic with inches and centimetres to measure fabric
Answers • Straight pins – used to anchor the pattern to the fabric and to hold laers of fabric together for sewing • Pin cushion – to keep pins and needles tidy • Thimble – used to protect finger and to push needle through fabric • Hand-sewing needles – variety of sizes to stitch by hand • Machine needles – variety of thicknesses based on fabric