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Gospels of Mark and Luke. Mark : the Author. John whose surname is Mark Acts 12:25; 15:37,39; 13:5,13 Mark and Peter were companions who enjoyed a close relationship. Mark authored the gospel that bears his name. He lived in Jerusalem, and his mother’s name was Mary. (Acts 12:12).

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mark the author
Mark:the Author
  • John whose surname is Mark
    • Acts 12:25; 15:37,39; 13:5,13
  • Mark and Peter were companions who enjoyed a close relationship.
  • Mark authored the gospel that bears his name.
  • He lived in Jerusalem, and his mother’s name was Mary.(Acts 12:12)
slide3

Mark:The Author

  • Mark and the apostle Paul also had a close relationship.
    • Acts 13:13; 15:37-39; Colossians 4:10; 2 Timothy 4:11
  • John Mark was a cousin of Barnabas.
  • That’s probably why Barnabas insisted on taking him with he and Paul on the second missionary journey.
mark when written
Mark:When Written
  • Tradition favors Mark’s gospel as being written in Rome.
  • There’s a great deal of uncertainty concerning when it was written.
  • It couldn’t have been prior to 50 A.D. or later than 70 A.D.
  • That places its writing between 64 and 70 A.D.
  • Mark was written in Greek.
mark purpose of mark s gospel
Mark:Purpose of Mark’s Gospel
  • Passes over Christ’s genealogy. “Beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  • Son of David and King of Israel.(10:47,48; 11:10; 15:32)
  • Mark wrote among and for the Gentiles, especially the Romans.
  • He was intent on setting forth the person and character of Jesus Christ as the Son of God.
slide6

Mark:Purpose of Mark’s Gospel

  • Explanation of Jewish customs.(14:12; 15:42)
  • Moses Law is not mentioned, and the OT is quoted only once.
  • Gentile sections of gospel.(chapters 6-8)
  • Preponderance of Christ’s activity; emphasis on His power. (2:10)
  • “Straightway”and“immediately,”most common expressions; mentioned 42 times. The Roman people were people of action!
mark contents and character
Mark:Contents and Character
  • Introductory events(1:1-13)
    • The coming of Jesus’ herald(1:2-8)
    • His baptism by John in the Jordan(1:9)
    • His endowment with the Holy Spirit(1:10)
    • The divine witness of His Sonship(1:11)
    • His conflict with Satan(1:12,13)
slide8

Mark:Contents and Character

  • Early Galilean Ministry(1:14; 7:23)
    • Mark omits Jesus’ early Judean ministry
    • Tour of Tyre and Sidon(7:24-30)
    • Teaching in northern Galilee(7:31-9:50)
    • Journey to Jerusalem(10:1-52)
    • Week of suffering ending in crucifixion; resurrection, commission(11-16)
slide9

Mark:Contents and Character

  • Mark is the shortest of the four gospels.
    • Its style is vivid and picturesque.
    • Mark records 19 of Jesus’ miracles.
    • Its narrative gives the works that Jesus did.
    • It records only four of Jesus’ parables.
    • Shows the beneficence of His works.(1:23—3:27)
    • The writing is graphic, realistic, and detailed.
slide10

Mark:Contents and Character

  • Descriptions of details
    • Hunger(11:12)
    • Seeking rest and seclusion(6:31)
    • Sleeping on a boat cushion(4:38)
    • Pity for the multitudes(6:34)
    • Wondering at their unbelief(6:6)
    • Sighing over sorrow and blindness(7:24)
    • Grieving over hardness(3:5)
    • Concern for His disciples(4:41; 10:32)
slide11

Mark:Contents and Character

  • Narrative of the person of Christ
    • Son of God and author of the gospel
    • Peter’s confession that Christ is God’s son(8:29)
    • Truth of resurrection(16)
    • Servant of all(10:35)
    • The disciples’ failure to grasp the early date of Christ’s kingdom
    • Aspirations for a return to fleshly Israel. They failed to see the other side of the story—submission to a spiritual king and His spiritual work!
slide12

Mark:Contents and Character

  • Closing passages have caused discussion and division among scholars.(16:9-20)
    • Did Mark write these verses, and do they belong at the end of his narrative?
    • Without these verses, the Gospel would end abruptly!
    • Important testimony contained:
      • Resurrection first day of the week; appearance to Mary Magdalene; appearance to the two disciples on the road to Emmaus; appearance to the 11, rebuking their lack of faith; ascension; execution of the commission and the signs that confirmed the words preached.
luke the author
Luke:The Author
  • Authored both this Gospel and Acts
    • Luke 1:1-4; Acts 1:1-5
  • Physician and close friend of apostle Paul
    • Colossians 4:14; 2 Timothy 4:11
  • Gentile by birth and education; yet very knowledgeable about Jewish customs and prejudices
  • Wrote as a recorder and historian of eye-witness testimony
luke when written
Luke:When Written
  • Book of Acts, written by Luke, closed with Paul’s two years of imprisonment (the first) in Rome about 60 AD.
  • Gospel of Luke preceded the book of Acts; probably written during Paul’s stay as a prisoner in Caesarea before going to Rome.
  • Around 60 AD.
luke to whom written
Luke:To Whom Written
  • Books of Acts and Luke directed to an individual named Theophilus.
  • Luke wrote particularly for the benefit of the Greeks.
  • He was eminently qualified to write to them in his attractive style.
  • An orderly account of Christ’s life.
  • Presented Christianity’s origin from the vantage point of one who wasn’t a Jew.
luke purpose of luke s gospel
Luke:Purpose of Luke’s Gospel
  • Introduction offers some keys(1:1-4)
    • Set forth true account; arranged systematically(1:1)
    • Things fulfilled among the disciples(1:2)
    • Capable and accepting of this writing task(1:3)
    • Got information from competent sources
    • Familiar with the facts--observation and inquiry. Lived during the generation when these things occurred!
    • “From the very first...” (Contemporary knowledge)
slide17

Luke:Purpose of Luke’s Gospel

  • Luke’s knowledge covered all the major facts. The book contains many things that do not appear in the other accounts. It is the most representative of Christ’s life.
  • He had been orally informed concerning Christ.
  • Needed further instruction to establish him in the faith and give him complete knowledge of the truth!
luke contents and character
Luke:Contents and Character
  • Introduction (1:1-4:13)
  • Beginning of Christ’s public ministry in Galilee(4:14-9:50)
  • Journey toward Jerusalem through Samaria and Perea(9:51-19:28)
  • Last days of Christ’s life, including crucifixion(19:29-23:55)
  • Resurrection, the final commission, and ascension(24)
luke distinctive features
Luke:Distinctive Features
  • Opening events closely identified with current history.
    • Birth of Son(1:5)
    • Link with days of Caesar Augustus(2:1)
    • John’s ministry began with the reign of Tiberius Caesar(3:1)
  • Christ came at a crucial time in human history, under unique circumstances.
  • “Fullness of time”(Galatians 4:4)
slide20

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Details of Christ’s birth
    • Annunciation
    • Mary’s conception by the Holy Spirit
    • Jesus’ birth and early years
    • Temple scene(2:41-52)
    • Coming of John as forerunner fulfilling Isaiah’s prophecy(40:3)
    • Jesus baptism by John
    • Satan tempts Jesus in the wilderness
    • Victory over Satan(4:14)
slide21

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Galilean ministry
    • Jesus in the synagogue as God’s anointed(4:16-21)
    • Luke records a number of miracles to support Jesus’ claim of Deity
    • Night of Prayer
    • Choosing the 12 disciples
    • His approaching death at the hands of His enemies
slide22

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Travel from Galilee to Jerusalem
    • Passes through Samaria and Perea.(9:51)
    • Suffering on His way defines meaning of discipleship. Dispatches the 70 for preaching tour.(9:2)
    • Larger group was commissioned to go two by two to heal and announce the approaching Kingdom.(10:9)
slide23

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • The Parables of Christ
    • Good Samaritan(10:25-37)
    • Prayer in story of importunate friend(11:5-13)
    • Grace of God in seeking the lost(15)
    • Rich man and Lazarus(16:19-31)
    • Meaning of true righteousness in incident of publican and Pharisee(18:9-14)
slide24

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Closing scenes of Christ’s life
    • Bold announcement on the way to Jerusalem(18:31)
    • Fulfilling the words of the prophets(18:31-34)
    • Drawing near Mount of Olives(19:37-45)
    • Destruction of Jerusalem(21:20-24)
slide25

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Last events of Christ’s life in greater detail
    • Discussion of the greatest(22:24-30)
    • Penitent thief on the cross(23:39-43)
    • Christ’s appearance to disciples on the road to Emmaus(24:13-35)
    • Ascension into heaven(24:50-53)
    • Gospel of the Son of Man
    • Emphasis on Christ’s human side
slide26

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Christ’s compassion toward the less fortunate
    • Poor disciples(6:20)
    • Sinful woman(7:37)
    • Mary Magdalene(8:2)
    • Samaritans(10:33)
    • Publicans and sinners(15:1)
    • Lepers(17:2)
    • Dying thief(23:43)
    • God’s universal grace (2:32; 3:6; 24:47)
slide27

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Three parables not in other gospels:
    • Friend at midnight(11:5-8)
    • Unjust judge(18:1-8)
    • Pharisee and publican(18:9-14)
slide28

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Great emphasis on Christ’s prayers :
    • At His baptism(3:21)
    • In the wilderness(5:16)
    • Before choosing His disciples(9:29)
    • Prayer given to His disciples(11:1)
    • For Peter(22:32)
    • In the garden of Gethsemane(23:27)
    • On the cross(23:46)
slide29

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Emphasizes recognition bestowed on women:
    • Mary, mother of Jesus(1:26-35)
    • Elizabeth, mother of John the Baptist(1:7-17)
    • Mary and Martha(10:38-42)
    • Daughters of Jerusalem(23:37)
    • Several widows mentioned(2:27; 4:26)
slide30

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Six miracles found only in Luke:
    • Draught of fishes(5:1-11)
    • The widow’s son raised(7:11-17)
    • Woman with infirmity healed(13:10-17)
    • Man with dropsy healed(14:1-6)
    • Ten lepers cleansed(7:11-19)
    • Malchus’ ear healed(22:49-51)
slide31

Luke:Distinctive Features

  • Emphasis on the Holy Spirit
    • In the book of Acts, the Spirit worked through the apostles.(2:2-4)
    • Jesus was conceived by the Spirit(1:35)
    • The Spirit attested to Jesus’ divinity.(3:22)
    • The Spirit led Jesus into the wilderness. (4:1)
    • The Spirit anointed Jesus.(4:18)
    • Jesus rejoiced in the Spirit.(10:21)
luke summarized
Luke:Summarized
  • Portrays Christ astheSon of Man
  • The Saviorof the world
  • Traces His genealogy toAdam
  • Fatherof the race
  • Friendof the sinners
  • Thesolutionto life’s problems.