Chapter 7:. The Fight for a Continent. Lesson 1: The Spanish Move North. New Spain. In 1535, Spain had established a vast colony of New Spain. It stretched south from South America to Mexico with its capital being Mexico City. Juan Ponce de Leon.
The Fight for a Continent
The French moved west slowly building trading posts and missions along the St. Lawrence River and Great Lakes.
After sharing a meal with the Illinois, the explorers resumed their journey.
La Salle reached the mouth of the Mississippi at the Gulf of Mexico in April.
He also claimed all the river’s tributaries (streams or rivers that flow into a larger river).
During the late 1600s and early 1700s, the French built trading posts, forts, and missions in New France.
With an ideal location at the mouth of the Mississippi, New Orleans became a busy trading center.
Washington and his soldiers built Fort Necessity on a meadow in what is now southwestern Pennsylvania.
We learned earlier, the first English colonists built settlements along the Atlantic coast.
The French attacked on a rainy day in early July 1754. After many of his men were killed or wounded, Washington was forced to surrender.
These small battles were the start of a long war between Britain and France.
Washington later wrote that many British soldiers panicked and “ran as sheep before the hounds.”
In London, British leaders were worried about the way the war was going.
The king The king hoped this would prevent future Native American rebellions.