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Allow Creativity to Come into Your World. Defining Creativity. We may not be able to measure creativity, but we sort of know it when we see it, and it ought to be increased. INBALANCE IN EDUCATION.

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defining creativity
Defining Creativity

We may not be able to measure creativity, but we sort of know it when we see it, and it ought to be increased.

inbalance in education
INBALANCE IN EDUCATION

Despite the current lip service paid to integrating the curriculum, truly interdisciplinary courses are rare, and transdisciplinary curricula that span the breadth of human knowledge are almost unknown.

inbalance in education1
INBALANCE IN EDUCATION

By half-understanding the nature of thinking, teachers only half-understand how to teach and students only half-understand how to learn.

inbalance in education2
INBALANCE IN EDUCATION

If society cannot find ways to make integrated understanding accessible to large numbers of people,.

what is creativity
WHAT IS CREATIVITY?

Imagination is the heart of learning.

Brain physiology, chemistry and anatomy are far more plastic than previously assumed.

The ability to transcend context is the essence of mindfulness, and central to creativity in any field.

Productive thought occurs when internal imagination and external experience coincide.

defining creativity1
DEFINING CREATIVITY

Breakthrough thinking or the “aha phenomenon” is characterized by interhemispheric synchronicity—the electrical activities on both sides of the brain show similar wave patterns.

defining creativity2
DEFINING CREATIVITY

TheFour Main Characteristics of Divergent Thinking by P.J.Guilford:

Fluency –producing a large number of solutions

Flexibility– considering a variety of approaches simultaneously

Originality – producing ideas that others have not thought of

Elaboration – thinking through details and execution

mindfulness innovation and the brain
Mindfulness,Innovationand the Brain

Dee Coulter: “It is a mental chemistry that takes place in the child, producing a chemical transformation. These impressions not only penetrate the mind of the child, but they form it.”

mindfullness innovation and the brain
MINDFULLNESS,INNOVATION AND THE BRAIN

Gottfried Schlaug determined through MRI scans that intense exposure to music actually expands brain mass. Musicians he studied who had perfect pitch also had an unusually large planum temporale in the left hemisphere of the brain. He also found that the musicians also had a larger mass of nerve fibers connecting the brain’s two hemispheres. A person’s creativity and analytical skills depend greatly on the ability to think with both hemispheres of the brain, yet many of us lack this agility.

inbalance in education defining the problem
INBALANCE IN EDUCATION:DEFINING THE PROBLEM

Our educational system is the embodiment of our cognitive and creative understanding of ourselves. If we fail to understand creative thinking, we cannot hope to have an educational system that will produce creative individuals.

slide15
If one actually set out to give as little help as possible to both aesthetics and originality in science, one could hardly devise a better plan than our educational system…
slide16
One rarely hears about what we do not understand in science, and least of all how to prepare for creative ideas.
inbalance in education3
INBALANCE IN EDUCATION

.

Feeling as thinking must therefore become

part of the educational curriculum

conclusions
CONCLUSIONS

Creativity needs to be expanded and taught even more consciously.

Thomas Blakeslee (The Right Brain 1980): “Man’s highest achievements are a result of using the full power of both sides of his brain.

conclusions1
CONCLUSIONS

“Through the development of creativity, a person comes to be a flexible, intentional inventor of his or her personal future and a potential contributor to his or her cultural endowment.” (Moran and John-Steiner 2000 )

defining the problem
DEFINING THE PROBLEM

It never occurred to us (as grad students) …to formulate a math or physics problem as a set of images and feelings stewed in our minds to plot a book or a poem as a series of images and emotions, brewed in our bellies. No one ever mentioned that the stage of inventing and idea or solving a problem might be distinct from the stage of translating it into a disciplinary language.

measuring creativity
MEASURING CREATIVITY

Some scholars believe that not only creative potential but other personality traits are key to creative productivity . (Edison)

results
RESULTS

My hypothesis that stated the children at Athens Montessori School as an aggregate would score higher than a mean of 50 (approximately equal to a score of 100) as a function of their interdisciplinary training was born out both in the average of the individual categories and particularly in the average of the composite scores, creative indices, and the national percentiles.

results1
RESULTS

My hypothesis that the scores on creativity would not decline in the older group of students was also born out by the data showing a rise in standard scores, creative indices and national percentiles among the older group. Although another explanation might be the socioeconomic or family educational levels accounted for this difference, it should be noted that in the composite scores and percentiles the students exceeded the mean by very significant degrees.

conclusions2
CONCLUSIONS

Like play does for children, creativity creates a lifelong zone of proximal development for adults to continually learn from and contribute to their culture. (Vygotsky)

conclusions3
CONCLUSIONS

Mel Levine (One Mind at a Time 2002):” I think in planning any child’s education we should seek one or more suggested routes toward creative fulfillment and recognition. Once launched on a creative pathway, students need to build rigorous technical skills within chosen media or domain so that they can keep growing as disciplined creators.”

conclusions4
CONCLUSIONS

The creative process should be taught to and accessible to all students.

Creativity education is the key to the reform of industrial model education and to adaptation to the fast paced, information age.

conclusions5
CONCLUSIONS

The question should not be “How smart are our students?” but rather ; “How are our students smart (taking into account the multiple intelligences and the creative realms)?”.

what is creativity1
WHAT IS CREATIVITY?

The affective domain; “To think creatively is first to feel. The desire to understand must be whipped together with sensual and emotional feelings and blended with intellect to yield imaginative insight.”

observations
OBSERVATIONS

As a school Director, I was gratified to see that in the standard total score measures and the national percentiles for the Final Creative Index Scores for the entire sample, so many students displayed overall creative strength. Although this is a socio-economically select group,, I believe the interdisciplinary Montessori education is responsible for some portion of the very high and consistently strong scores.

additional observations
ADDITIONAL OBSERVATIONS

Our sample showed particular strengths in elaboration and in creative strengths. I believe an enriched, interdisciplinary curriculum nurtures these strengths. (see graphs)

what is creativity2
WHAT IS CREATIVITY?

Henri Poincare (the great mathematician) ;”It is by logic that we prove, but by intuition that we discover.”

Max Planck (great scientist); “The scientist needs an artistically creative imagination”.

what is creativity3
What is creativity?

Einstein said: “Only intuition, resting on sympathetic understanding, can lead to insight. The daily effort comes from no deliberate intention or program, but straight from the heart.”

what is creativity4
WHAT IS CREATIVITY?

For at the level of the creative process, scientists, artists and mathematicians, composers, writers, and sculptors, use a common set of what we call “tools for thinking” including emotional feelings, visual images, bodily sensations, reproducible patterns, and analogies.

defining creativity3
Defining creativity

The common set of thinking tools at the heart of creative understanding include: observing, imaging, abstracting, recognizing patterns, forming patterns, analogizing, body thinking, empathizing, dimensional thinking, modeling, playing, transforming and synthesizing.

mindfulness innovation and the brain1
MINDFULNESS, INNOVATION AND THE BRAIN

Taxonomy of Innovation

Problem Solution – solve a particular problem

Evolutionary Idea – improve on an existing idea

Symbiotic Idea – combine two or more existing ideas

Revolutionary Idea – create a new perspective

mindfulness innovation and the brain2
MINDFULNESS,INNOVATION AND THE BRAIN

Serendipitous Discovery – unintended result

Targeted Innovation – research and development for economic gain

Artistic Innovation – express an impulse

Philosophic Idea – create a new framework for ideas

love a child and change the world
Love a Child and Change the World

By: June Pacheco

Montessori graduate student