Unit 2 Green Spaces in Cities. 江西信息应用职业技术学院 孙敏. Teaching context. Time Allotment: Unit 2 Section B (50 m) Chapter ： Green Spaces in Cities Teaching aims ： The teaching of this text aims to enable students: to master the new words and useful phrases.
learning the ways of reading skills from the passages
learning the new words and useful expressions in the text
doing the relevant exercises after the classes
What shall we do when we come across unfamiliar words in our reading? Many times we can figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word from clues provided by context. The particular reading skill introduced for this unit is finding out word meanings through context clues. In the text we list as many as 7 different ways of finding out the meaning of an unfamiliar word. The context clues that might be helpful for you to recognize the meaning of a new word include:
Ss do the relevant exercises in Reading Skills, then T check the right answers for reference:
1.A 2.D 3.B 4.A 5.C
1.What do most countries concern themselves with?
2. Why and how do people change their attitudes towards increasing green spaces?
3.How did Portland increase its green spaces?
4.What measures did other countries take to increase theirs green spaces?
There are several vacant plots in the area available for building on.
Today there are thought to be about 100 full-time posts vacant.
His mind seemed completely vacant.
It gives me enormous pleasure to welcome Professor Hall. 欢迎霍尔教授使我极感愉快。
私营的，私立的，非国家控制的Banks should be supporting small, private businesses. 银行应该支持小型私营企业。
Idioms usually cannot be translated literally in another language. 成语通常不能用另一种语言逐字翻译。
The country boys thought the streets of London were paved with gold.
The rain turned dust into mud.
My shoes were covered with mud.
She kept the buttons in an old ice-cream container.
Lawton was an amateur singer until the age of 40, when he turned professional.
Although he's only an amateur he's a first class player.
I'm not much of a gardener.
Our new garden is so big that we have had to hire a gardener.
It would be too costly to repair the car.
Our holiday in Australia was very costly.
They plan to erect an office building there.
The pole was erected on a firm base.
He's very tall and erect for his 78 years.
Geraldine Ferraro tried to become the first woman Vice President of the US, but did not succeed.
As well as helping the environment, energy conservation reduces your fuel bills.
Keep to the trail; if you leave it, you'll get lost.
The hunters followed the tiger's trail. 猎人们跟踪追捕老虎。
Her skirt was trailing along in the mud. 她的长裙在泥里拖地向前。
They trailed by two goals to one at half-time. 他们上半场以二比一落后。
Hunters can trail wild animals through the forest.
成为... ...的特征，以... ...为特征
Bright colors characterize his early paintings.
The education approach there is characterized by an emphasis on success in exams.
The story characterizes the wolf as a tricky and cruel animal.
The government has promised to provide cheap housing for poor people.
the city's housing policy城市的住房政策
My favorite recreation is singing.
I climb mountains for recreation.
Next week we are going on a day excursion to the mountains.
An optional excursion has been organized for every day of your holiday to a nearby place of interest.
A comparable car would be much cheaper out of the country.
The profits of these two companies are not comparable with each other.
a strip of paper 一张纸片
We lost thousands of soldiers in the war and all we got was this narrow strip of land in return.
The doctor asked the patient to strip.
The paint will be difficult to strip off.
When the athlete was found to have taken drugs, he was stripped of his gold medal.
He is now at the summit of his career.
the summit powers参加最高级会议的大国
a building plot 建筑用地
She began to tell me the plot in great detail.
The plot was discovered in time. 阴谋被及时发现。
The army is plotting the takeover of the government.
Two soldiers and one civilian were killed in the explosion.
He left the army and returned to civilian life.
For eight years she was in fact living in the countryside.
You will have to work on the weak points in your English if you want to pass the examination.
The workers cleaned up before they left.
This room needs cleaning up.
Several of his friends came: Ben, Carol and Mike, for instance.
The banks are being slowly washed away by the sea.
This path leads halfway into the forest and then strops.
The hospital has no vacant beds.
There are several vacant plots available for building on in the area.
In some cities there are more vacant buildings than can house homeless people.
Today there are thought to be about 100full-time posts vacant.
The post of chairman has been vacant for some time.
The top post in the company was still vacant.
She has a vacant look on her face.
His mind seemed completely vacant.
Lot: n. a small area or land that belongs to a person or company, esp. one for a particular purpose such as for building or parking cars on; used mainly in American English
There is a parking lot around the corner.
If oil or gold is discovered under your lot, you can sell the mineral rights.
It’s rare to find these birds in England, but there is a small population of them in the northwest.
It is rare for her to arrive late.她极少迟到。
a book of rare value 珍本书
The museum is full of rare and precious treasures.
[C] a thing that is or may be chosen; a choice
Make a list of the various options.把各种选择列一张表出来。
There weren’t many options open to him.
I am keeping my options open. I have not made a decision on either matter.
2) [U] power or freedom of choosing; choice
I have little option but to go.我没有选择，只能走。
We have no option but to leave the meeting.