PRESENTATION OUTLINE • Technology development • Dissemination of information and technologies • Training of school leavers and industry staff
RESEARCH AREAS • Plant Breeding • Agronomy • Engineering and Post Harvest • Plant Protection
NEW (APPROVED) TECHNOLOGIES • Tobacco Sucker Control • Super Harvest Yamaotea (Butralin + Flumetraline) • Better results compared to Antak or Butraline 2. NDDF Curing System • Partial Sun-air Curing System of NDDF Tobacco • Over 40% wood saving when mid-rid drying is under plastic sheet roof or in grass thatched shed
PROMISING TECHNOLOGIES • New Burley Hybrids • Local varieties • Male sterile • Resistant to nematodes (ABH12) • Resistant to nematodes and Fusarium wilt (ABH31 & ABH43) • Undergoing IPS farmer tests and ARET demos (200 ha)
PROMISING TECHNOLOGIES • Use of Jatropha seedcake as fertiliser supplement • Increased plant populations for burley and FCV • New chemicals for frog eye (Cabrio Duo and Nativo), nematodes (Solvigo and Velum), budworm and aphids (DPX and Belt expert) • Use of Carifend nets for tobacco beetle control
NEW RESEARCH TRIALS • 5 Breeding trials - developing new Burley and FCV hybrids resistant to nematodes, Fusarium and Granville wilt • 4 Plant protection trials - nematode and aphid control • 4 Agronomy trials – Evaluating new fertiliser types (including bio and slow release fertilisers) and rates, and seedling polypots
RECOMMENDED PESTICIDES • 2013 Recommended pesticide list now available • Additional chemicals include: • Thunder 145OD (Imidacloprid and Bulldock) aphids, termites, ants, budworms, grasshoppers and cutworms • Stewart 150 EC– budworm control • Decistab: nursery and field: Ants, cutworms, budworms and aphids
KEY AREAS AND ACTIVITIES • Smallholder and estate extension • Specialist services in NRM (forestry, conservation, mapping) • COP and farm plans • Media – radio programmes, newsletters, circulars, handbooks, leaflets
INTRODUCTION • MWICA aims to develop skills and expertise in tobacco production in the industry’s workforce and farmers. • Activities coordinated by industry wide Steering Committee • College in existence since 2001. Todate: • 80 students to diploma level • 444 students to certificate level • 47 students to graduate with diploma in January 2014
STRENGTHS • Qualified trainers from ARET, Bunda College of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture and Kamuzu Academy • Support of industry through its Steering Committee. • Students are practically oriented to tobacco production on 1,000 ha of land.
COURSES OFFERED • One year certificate course (on demand), fees at MK • Diploma in agriculture course (two and half years), fees at MK • Short term refresher courses and atachments (2-6 weeks), fees at MK
DEMAND DRIVEN SHORT COURSES • Four short courses to 128 participants in 2012/13: • 12 participants from Zambia attended a 6 week leaf management course. • A similar course was attended by 37 participants later. • An Introductory course in tobacco management lasting 6 days was attended by 56 participants. • A two week leaf management refresher course was presented to 23 leaf field staff.
LEAF MANAGEMENT COURSE The leaf management course comprises of the following modules: • One week nursery management course. • Two week field management course. • One week post harvest handling of tobacco leaf. • Two week agricultural best practices. All courses comprise class work and on field practice.
OTHER COURSES In the last few MWICA has offered the following courses to the industry: • Labour management • Tobacco grading • Tobacco curing • Good agricultural practices • Horticulture Targeting merchants’ field staff, classifiers, buyers and farmers.
2013/2014 COURSE PROGRAMS 1. Two week tobacco grading course targeting merchant buyers scheduled for first and second week of October 2013. 2. Two week tobacco grading course targeting classifiers in the second and third weeks of March 2014. 3. Four week irrigation course with water planting in tobacco targeting Farm managers and agronomy managers 4. Six week leaf management course targeting leaf field staff scheduled on demand.
CONCLUSION • ARET takes note of its critical role of development and dissemination of technologies, knowledge and information; • ARET needs the full support of all tobacco industry stakeholders in order to meet its mandates