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  1. MITM https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  2. Concurrency control Distributed serializability and Commitment ordering • Commitment ordering (Commit ordering, CO; Raz 1992) means that transactions' chronological order of commit events is kept compatible with their respective precedence order https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  3. Concurrency control Distributed serializability and Commitment ordering • SS2PL mentioned above is a variant (special case) of CO and thus also effective to achieve distributed and global serializability https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  4. Concurrency control Distributed serializability and Commitment ordering • The Distributed conflict serializability property in its general form is difficult to achieve efficiently, but it is achieved efficiently via its special case Distributed CO: Each local component (e.g., a local DBMS) needs both to provide some form of CO, and enforce a special vote ordering strategy for the Two-phase commit protocol (2PC: utilized to commit distributed transactions) https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  5. Concurrency control Distributed serializability and Commitment ordering • About the references and Commitment ordering: (Bernstein et al https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  6. Barry Boehm Incremental Commitment Model • It was only in 1998, after the development of the ICM that Barry Boehm along with A Winsor Brown started to focus on reconciling it with the WinWin Spiral Model and its incarnation in MBASE and the follow-on Lean MBASE, and working towards an Incremental Commitment Model for Software (ICMS) by adapting the existing WinWin Spiral Model support tools https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  7. Industrial and organizational psychology - Job satisfaction and commitment • For instance, job satisfaction is strongly correlated with attitudinal variables such as job involvement, organizational commitment, job tensions, frustration, and feelings of anxiety https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  8. Group cohesiveness - Task Commitment • Other theorists stress that cohesion comes from group members’ commitment to work together to complete their shared tasks and accomplish their collective tasks or goals. Members of task-oriented groups typically exhibit great interdependence and often possess feelings of responsibility for the group’s outcomes. The bonds of unity that develop from members’ concerted effort to achieve their common goals are considered indicative of group cohesion. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  9. Man-in-the-middle attack - Forensic analysis of MITM attacks • Captured network traffic from what is suspected to be a MITM attack can be analyzed in order to determine if it really was a MITM attack or not.[dubious – discuss] Important evidence to analyze when doing network forensics of a suspected SSL MITM attack include: https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  10. Quantum cryptography - Quantum commitment • (Notice that here we are a bit imprecise: The results by Crépeau and Kilian and Kilian together do not directly imply that given a commitment and a quantum channel one can perform secure multi-party computation https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  11. Quantum cryptography - Quantum commitment • Unfortunately, early quantum commitment protocols were shown to be flawed. In fact, Mayers showed that (unconditionally secure) quantum commitment is impossible: a computationally unlimited attacker can break any quantum commitment protocol. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  12. Quantum cryptography - Quantum commitment • Yet, the result by Mayers does not preclude the possibility of constructing quantum commitment protocols (and thus secure multi-party computation protocols) under assumptions that are much weaker than the assumptions needed for commitment protocols that do not use quantum communication. The bounded quantum storage model described below is an example for a setting in which quantum communication can be used to construct commitment protocols. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  13. Business process reengineering - Organization wide commitment • There is no doubt that major changes to business processes have a direct impact on processes, technology, job roles, and workplace culture https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  14. Business process reengineering - Organization wide commitment • However, top management sponsorship is imperative for success.(Dooley Johnson, 2001) Commitment and leadership in the upper echelons of management are often cited as the most important factors of a successful BPR project.(Jackson, 1997) Top management must recognize the need for change, develop a complete understanding of what is BPR, and plan how to achieve it. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  15. Business process reengineering - Organization wide commitment • Leadership has to be effective, strong, visible, and creative in thinking and understanding in order to provide a clear vision to the future.(Al-Mashari Zairi, 1999) Convincing every affected group within the organization of the need for BPR is a key step in successfully implementing a process https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  16. Employee engagement - Commitment • Employees with the highest level of organizational commitment|commitment perform 20% better and are 87% less likely to leave the organization, which indicates that engagement is linked to organizational performance.Lockwood, Nancy R. Leveraging Employee Engagement for Competitive Advantage: HR's Strategic Role. HRMagazine Mar. 2007: 1-11. SearchSpot. ABI/INFORM Global (PQ). McIntyre Library, Eau Claire. 22 Apr. 2007 https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  17. Knowledge representation - Commitment begins with the earliest choices • Logic, for instance, involves a (fairly minimal) commitment to viewing the world in terms of individual entities and relations between them https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  18. Knowledge representation - Commitment begins with the earliest choices • Selecting any of them thus involves a degree of ontological commitment: the selection will have a significant impact on our perception of and approach to the task, and on our perception of the world being modeled. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  19. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • Additional layers of commitment are made as we put the technology to work https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  20. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • An early description of the system Pople H, Heuristic methods for imposing structure on ill-structured problems, in AI in Medicine, Szolovits (ed.), AAAS Symposium 51, Boulder: Westview Press. shows how these questions were answered in the task at hand, supplying the second layer of commitment: https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  21. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • :The knowledge base underlying the INTERNIST system is composed of two basic types of elements: disease entities and manifestations.... [It] also contains a...hierarchy of disease categories, organized primarily around the concept of organ systems, having at the top level such categories as liver disease, kidney disease, etc. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  22. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • The prototypes are thus intended to capture prototypical diseases (e.g., a classic case of a disease), and they will be organized in a taxonomy indexed around organ systems. This is a sensible and intuitive set of choices but clearly not the only way to apply frames to the task; hence it is another layer of ontological commitment. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  23. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • The ontologic commitment here is sufficiently obvious and sufficiently important that it is often a subject of debate in the field itself, quite independent of building automated reasoners. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  24. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • Similar sorts of decisions have to be made with all the representation technologies, because each of them supplies only a first order guess about how to see the world: they offer a way of seeing but don't indicate how to instantiate that view https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  25. Knowledge representation - Commitments accumulate in layers • Commitment to a particular view of the world thus starts with the choice of a representation technology, and accumulates as subsequent choices are made about how to see the world in those terms. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  26. Generalized anxiety disorder - Acceptance and commitment therapy • ACT is designed with the purpose to target three therapeutic goals: (1) reduce the use of avoiding strategies intended to avoid feelings, thoughts, memories, and sensations; (2) decreasing a person's literal response to their thoughts (e.g., understanding that thinking I'm hopeless does not mean that the person's life is truly hopeless), and (3) increasing the person's ability to keep commitments to changing their behaviors https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  27. Carbon-neutral - Commitment • In the case of individuals, decision-making is likely to be straightforward, but for more complex set-ups, it usually requires political leadership at the highest level and wide popular agreement that the effort is worth making. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  28. Aviation biofuel - Industry commitments and collaborations • The International Air Transport Association (IATA) supports research, development and deployment of alternative fuels https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  29. Aviation biofuel - Industry commitments and collaborations • A group of interested airlines has formed the Sustainable Aviation Fuel Users Group (SAFUG) https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  30. Aviation biofuel - Industry commitments and collaborations • Boeing is joining other aviation-related members in the Algal Biomass Organization (ABO).[http://www.greencarcongress.com/2008/06/first-airlines.html First Airlines and UOP Join Algal Biomass Organization], Green Car Congress, 19 June 2008. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  31. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • Parties to the UNFCCC are classified as: https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  32. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • * 'Annex I': There are 41 Parties to the UNFCCC listed in Annex I of the Convention. These Parties are classified as developed country|industrialized (developed) countries and transition economy|economies in transition (EITs). EITs are the former centrally-planned (Soviet Union|Soviet) economies of Russia and Eastern Europe. The European Union-15 (EU-15) is an Annex I Party. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  33. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • * 'Annex II': There are 24 Parties to the UNFCCC listed in Annex II of the Convention. These Parties are made up of members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Annex II Parties are required to provide financial and technical support to the EITs and developing countries to assist them in reducing their greenhouse gas emissions (climate change mitigation) and manage the impacts of climate change (climate change adaptation). https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  34. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • * 'Annex B': Parties listed in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol are Annex I Parties with first- or second-round Kyoto greenhouse gas emissions targets (see Kyoto Protocol for details). The first-round targets apply over the years 2008–2012. As part of the 2012 United Nations Climate Change Conference|2012 Doha climate change talks, an amendment to Annex B was agreed upon containing with a list of Annex I Parties who have second-round Kyoto targets, which apply from 2013–2020. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  35. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • , pp.6–7. Other languages [http://unfccc.int/documentation/documents/advanced_search/items/6911.php?priref=600007290 available.] https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  36. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • * 'Least developed country|Least-developed countries' (LDCs): 49 Parties are LDCs, and are given special status under the treaty in view of their limited capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  37. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • * 'Non-Annex I': Parties to the UNFCCC not listed in Annex I of the Convention are mostly low-income https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  38. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - Classification of Parties and their commitments • developing countries. Developing countries may volunteer to become Annex I countries when they are sufficiently developed. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  39. PC power management - UK Carbon Reduction Commitment incentives • With the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) regulations coming into force in 2010, many businesses will be required to budget for their emissions of Carbon Dioxide. Organisations will be required to buy allowances to cover their CO2 emissions; top performers will receive financial rewards; and poor performers will be penalized. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  40. PC power management - UK Carbon Reduction Commitment incentives • The CRC uses electricity consumption as a means for determining which organizations fall under the new regulations, and covers all organizations with an electricity consumption of greater than 6,000 MWh per year (equivalent to emissions of approximately 1,280 tonnes CO2 per year from electricity use). Organizations must purchase allowances to cover all of their CO2 emissions with the exception of transport.http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/what_we_do/lc_uk/crc/crc.aspx https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  41. PC power management - UK Carbon Reduction Commitment incentives • The CRC will incentivise energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions reduction in the non-energy intensive sector of business and industry. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  42. PC power management - UK Carbon Reduction Commitment incentives • As well as driving supply side measures to reduce the carbon intensity of energy consumed, the CRC will also provide big incentives for demand side energy efficiency. Once quick wins have been identified, attention will become more and more focused on harder to reach energy losses. These include energy losses distributed across organizations due to the organizations physical infrastructure, and also the way it uses energy consuming devices. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  43. PC power management - UK Carbon Reduction Commitment incentives • By looking at IT operations and energy use, proven energy management tools demonstrate that the CRC target of 4 million tonnes of CO2 emissions reduced by 2020 is readily achievable. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  44. Right to food - Commitment via ICESCR • Parties to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights have to do everything to guarantee adequate nutrition, including legislating to that effect. The Covenant has become part of national legislation in over 77 countries. In these countries the provision for the right to food in the Covenant can be cited in a court. This has happened in Argentina (in the case of the right to health).: 21; see also : 27-8. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  45. Right to food - Commitment via ICESCR • However, citizens usually cannot prosecute using the Covenant, but can only do so under national law. If a country does not pass such laws a citizen has no redress, even though the state violated the covenant. The implementation of the Covenant is monitored through the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.;: 20. In total, 160 countries have ratified the Covenant. A further 32 countries have not ratified the covenant, although 7 of them did sign it. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  46. Right to food - Commitment via ICESCR • By signing the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights|Optional Protocol to the ICESCR, states recognise the competence of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to receive and consider: Article 1 https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  47. MITMOT • 'MITMOT' ('M'ac and m'I'mo 'T'echnologies for 'M'ore 'T'hroughput) proposal for IEEE 802.11n, the high throughput Wi-Fi MIMO standard has been initiated jointly by Motorola and Mitsubishi in order to propose a new PHY and MAC layer specification competing with WWiSE and TGnSync proposals addressing the need for integration of Wi-Fi chipsets into mobile phones. https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  48. MITMOT - MITMOT high throughput Wi-Fi IEEE802.11n proposal features • This proposal was motivated by the fact that according to latest market forecasts, in 2009 one third of the mobile phones will be Wi-Fi enabled which corresponds to 200 million units sold per year to be compared to a 70 million Wi-Fi PCs volume https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  49. MITMOT - MITMOT high throughput Wi-Fi IEEE802.11n proposal features • To anticipate and contribute to this change, according to MITMOT proposal summary, it has introduced the following technical features to enable a better support of handsets: https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html

  50. MITMOT - MITMOT high throughput Wi-Fi IEEE802.11n proposal features • * Built-in support for asymmetric antenna configurations to accommodate various terminal sizes (Phone/PDA/PC) offering a scalable and evolutionary solution using space time block codes https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html